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Acadia (French: Acadie) is a historical term generally understood to comprise all of the land in Canada east of Quebec that was held by France in the 17th and early 18th centuries; that is to say, the modern-day Maritime Provinces as well as roughly the eastern two-thirds of the U.S. state of Maine, which is where you'll find Acadia National Park.
Though most of the French-speaking Catholic colonists were expelled from Acadia after the British conquest in 1713 (many of them fled to Louisiana, where their descendants are now known as Cajuns), the distinct Acadian culture and dialect is still present in many parts of the Maritimes, especially the northern and eastern portions of New Brunswick, which are still majority-Francophone. Smaller Acadian communities also exist in Nova Scotia (the area around St. Mary's Bay as well as northwestern Cape Breton Island), Prince Edward Island (the so-called "Evangeline Region" just west of Summerside, named for a mythical Acadian folk heroine), and Quebec (the shore of Chaleur Bay and the Îles de la Madeleine).



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