Australian Convict Sites
The Australian Convict Sites are a world heritage site in Australia. It's made up of 11 components, mostly in New South Wales and Tasmania.
These penal colonies were located around Australia, but concentrated on the southeastern parts including Tasmania, and today there are more than 3,000 such sites remaining in the country. In 2010 UNESCO inscribed 11 of these sites on the world heritage list.
New South Wales
Cockatoo Island Convict SiteCockatoo Island is biggest of all the harbour islands. It used to be a penal colony and is today one of eleven sites making up the UNESCO World Heritage list "Australian Convict Sites". Sydney Ferries run scheduled ferry services about every hour from 6AM until 9PM. The island is stop for some services on the Parramatta Ferries or for the Woolwich - Cockatoo Island Service. Just check the indicator board at Circular Quay for the next service, or check the Sydney Ferries timetable if you are coming from anywhere else. Ferries run from early until late to services those staying on the island. There is no admission fee to the island.
Great North RoadThe Great North Road was built by convicts through rough terrain.
phone: +61 2 8239 2311address: Macquarie St, Sydney/City CentreBuilt in 1818-1819. Constructed by convicts and housed by them, the Hyde Park Barracks provided housing for convicts working in government employment around Sydney from 1819 until its closure in 1848. Interior is restored with exhibits depicting the furnishings and life of the time. Inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
phone: +61 2 9635 8149address: Parramatta Park, ParramattaThe site of the residence of early colonial governors, today a UNESCO World Heritage site. It was especially important during the term of office of Governor Lachlan Macquarie. On the third Friday of each month, ghost tours of Old Government House are available.
- and Estates.
phone: +61 3 6233 6656address: 16 Degraves St, HobartThis site operated as a female factory between 1828 and 1856, which was intended to reform female convicts and segregate them from the "temptations" of Hobart. The ladies of this female factory were often completing many chores, such as needlework and laundry. The factory is now one of 11 penal sites that make up the Australian Convict Sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list. A daily Heritage tour runs several times daily and an additional show, title Her Story, runs daily at 11AM.
Darlington Probation Stationaddress: Maria Island
address: 1 The Terrace St, FremantleConstructed in 1851 by the convicts that were transported to Australia from the UK to house themselves. Following the end of convict transportation in 1868, Fremantle Prison served as Western Australia's main maximum security prison until its closure in 1991. Today it remains as a world heritage listed building and is used for several purposes including as an art gallery, museum and a conference center. Basic tours run throughout the day, and a 'Torchlight tour' runs on Wednesday and Friday nights, which explores the history of prison hauntings. For the really adventurous, there is the tunnels tour which will take you through the tunnel network underneath the prison.