Banda Aceh is the capital of the Indonesian province of Aceh on the island of Sumatra.
The long conflict between the Acehnese independence movement (GAM) and the Indonesian army (TNI) has been solved for the time being by the peace agreement on 15 August 2005. The peace process has been quite smooth since. In 2006 the province held its first direct and democratic local elections. In 2007 the first democratically elected Governor, Irwandi Yusuf, was inaugurated.
By busThere are non-stop night buses, with travel times ranging from 9–13 hours - from Medan to Banda Aceh. Major bus companies such as PMTOH, Pelangi, Kurnia and Pusaka have offices on Jl. Gajah Mada, Medan. Price ranges from Rp 110,000 in a regular-sized-seat bus to Rp 200,000 in a wide-seat bus.
Mini-buses can also take you to Banda Aceh from the Medan area, but journeys are generally longer. Prices are a bit cheaper than the coaches. It is also possible to travel over from Medan to Banda Aceh via Kutacane and Takengon. This will be 20 hr in total.
Sultan Iskandar Muda AirportNamed after the 12th sultan of Aceh, Iskandar Muda.
Airlines fly daily between Banda Aceh and either Medan, a 1 hr trip, Jakarta, a 2 hr 40 minute trip, or Singapore, nearly 4 hrs.
- AirAsia, Kuala Lumpur. , daily flights
- Batavia Air, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Medan
- Firefly, Penang, , Malaysia's community airline now flies from Penang to Banda Aceh every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday
- Garuda Indonesia, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Medan, 3 daily flights from Jakarta and two daily flights from Medan. The Jakarta-Banda Aceh direct flight on Garuda takes 2 hr 40 min on a Boeing 737, although it is often changed to stopover at Medan without warning. Seasonal to Jeddah in Saudi Arabia during the Hajj season
- Lion Air, Jakarta-Soekarno-Hatta, Medan. They have two daily flights from Jakarta and one from Medan.
- SMAC, Blang Pidie, Meulaboh, Simelue, Takengon, Tapaktuan. Flies daily from Medan to Nias Island and Simeulue Island.
- Sriwijaya Air, Medan
- Susi Air, Meulaboh
VisaVisa formalities at this airport are similar to those of other Indonesian immigration gateways.
- Visa On Arrival (VOA) service is available at Sultan Iskandar Muda Airport.
Airport busA DAMRI bus provides a service from Banda Aсeh to the airport, and from the airport to Banda Aceh.
Operating hours are 10/11:00-26:30 (the last one is after the flight JT-306 LionAir from JKT), price to the city is Rp 20,000/person (May 2016)
The bus departing from the airport to Banda Aсeh leaves a few minutes after airplanes land. So departure time depends on landing time, more or less. Thus, it's advised to hurry to catch the bus. It is on your left when you leave the airport building (taxi drivers will tell you there is no airport bus, just keep on walking because the bus is there).
Please note that this bus goes to Banda Aceh City Centre; it does not go to the Bus Station or Ulee-Lhue Harbour. If you want to go to the Bus Station or Ulee-Lhue Harbour, take a becak after being dropped off in the City Centre by the airport bus.
To go to the airport, you can catch the bus at 08:00, 14:00 or 15:00 in front of the Big Mosque.
By boatThe closest big (international) ferry terminal is Belawan Port, close to Medan. It receives vessels originating from Batam, Indonesia (a common route when coming from Singapore). The ferry from Penang is no longer operating. From Ulhee-lhee, the port of Banda Aceh you can go to Pulau Weh and to Pulau Aceh.
Masjid Raya Baiturrahman/Grand MosqueBaiturrahman is a great mosque located at the heart of Banda Aceh, The mosque has five black coloured domes and white four minarets. The mosque stands upon an elegantly green landscape. The white washed walls and minerals and charcoal blacks domes of the Grand Mosque are the most famous landmark in Aceh. The Mosque was built in 12th century and caught fire several time including during a Dutch attack upon Kutaraja (Banda Aceh) in 1873. A replacement mosque was built by the Dutch military government and was completed in 1883. The mosque is extraordinary in architecture and ornamentation. It has five onion shaped domes, two tall minarets, wide white walls and decoratively ornamented pillars. Non-Muslims will be asked to remain in the plaza and not enter the mosque. (Jan 2019)
Cut Nya Dien HouseCut Nya Dien was an Indonesian woman revolutionist from Aceh. The house is a replica of the heroine Cut Nyak Dhien House, from the Aceh War. The colonial forces burned down the house but a replica was built later. This house in Lam Pisang, about 6 km from Banda Aceh and is now is a museum. The house is in Lampisang Village, Lhok Nga subdistrict, Greater Aceh district. Although Lhok Nga was the area worst hit by tsunami, the Tjut Nyak Dhien House survived. The daughter of a chieftain, Tjut Nyak Dhien joined the fight against the Dutch invaders in 1875. Her first husband fell in battle, and she remarried. When her second husband also died fighting, she continued the struggle with her children. After six years in the jungle, she was captured by the Dutch and exiled to West Java where she passed away in 1906. Tjut Nyak Dhien is recognised as one of the National Warriors of Indonesia.
Gunongan and Taman Putroe PhangGunongan had erected by Sultan Iskandar Muda (1607-1636) as a private playground and bathing place for this wife Putro Phang (From Malaysia). This whimsical architectural fantasy had access to the sultan's palace through the traditional 'Pintu Aceh', used by royalty only. This building likely functioned as an important recreational peace located in the Taman Sari Park for the Queen and other royal family members to climb. It is quite enjoyable to visit this place during the late afternoon or sunset.
Graveyard in Bitay VillageIn Bitay the grave of a saint, Teungku di Bitay, may still be seen. The tomb of Tuan di Bitay, who taught the Achehnese among other things the art of casting cannon, and the mosque which stands beside the grave are revered as sacred up to the present day. Aceh and Turkey had a close relationship in times past. Many technicians and weapons from the Turkish fleet came and settled in Aceh. Historical remains of this time include a mosque and a monument and headstone Turkish people in the village Bitai (~ 3 km from Banda Aceh).
The Museum Acehaddress: Sultan Alaidin Mahmud Syah St.The museum exhibits ceramics, weapons and many cultural artifacts such as clothing, jewellery, calligraphy, Islamic ornamenation, kitchen equipment and many other items. A most interesting item is a big bell called “Lonceng Cakra Donya”, a gift from China Grand-Duke (Ming Emperor, in the 15th century) for Sultan Aceh that was delivered by a Chinese Moslem, Admiral Cheng Ho in 1414, an inscription on the bell reads; “Sing Fang Niat Toeng Juut Kat”. In this complex there is also ‘Rumah Aceh’ house that was built by Dutch Governor Van Swart in 1941 in a style typical of classic Aceh’s house architecture. To the west of the museum or north of Aceh House of Custom there is graveyard complex holding the remains of Aceh Sultans.
Indonesian Airline MonumentThe monument was erected to commemorate the heroic contribution of the Acehnese to the emergence of the Republic of Indonesia. When Indonesia became independent in 1945 the Dutch intended to reoccupy the country. In the ensuing struggle in 1949 much area had fallen to the Dutch, the Republic of Indonesia was badly in need of an airplane to avoid the blockade of the enemy. Soekarno, Indonesian president at that time, urgently asked the Acehnese to donate money for an airplane. A Douglas DC-3 was purchased shortly afterwards, and paid for with the donation. This very early plane was the precursor of Garuda Indonesia fleet.
Kerkhofaddress: Teuku Umar StKerkhoff or War Memorial Cemetery or known by local peoples as Peucut Kerkhoff, 2,000 Dutch soldiers who died in an Aceh War were buried in this graveyards. On the walls of the Kerkhoff entrance gate you may see the names list of the persons buried including details of where and when they died.
Ulee Lheue-Banda AcehUlee Lheue is a shore line facing the Malacca straits; when the tsunami hit Banda Aceh on 26 December 2004, the beach line and the village nearby were severely damaged and submerged by a 10 m high wave. Now the local government has built a new seaport at Ulee Lheue, and if you have plans to visit Sabang and Weh island, you can take a Ro-Ro ferry or speed boat from Ulee Lheue. Ulee Lheue beach has still kept its enchanting beauty, and almost every day people come to this place to enjoy the blue horizon of sky and sea, to see a beautiful sunset in the evening, or to enjoy the beach at night on the weekend.
Aceh Culture & Tourism Agencyaddress: Jl. Tgk. Chik Kuta Karang No. 3Very friendly and helpful staff. They provide (free): a map of Banda Aceh and the region around Banda Aceh, a map of the Aceh-province, a very nice Aceh Guide Book (colorprint). These items are put in a small, really beautiful, shopping bag with pictures of Aceh on it.
Tsunami tourIt is possible to go on a "Tsunami Tour" as there are many boats still inland and other monuments devoted to the devastating day in 2004.
Fisherman boat on an inhabitant houseaddress: Desa Lampulo, Kota Alam59 people were reportedly saved by boarding this small boat and riding it to safety. Very dramatic image indeed.
Floating Electric Generator Shipaddress: Kampung Bunge Blangcut, JayabaruA ship was carried 5 km inland during the tsunami. You can get a nice overview of the city from the top of the ship.
Tsunami Monument & GardenLocated beside the electric generator ship.
- Apung 1 ship, a 2,600-ton vessel that was swept 2 km inland. Now it is a tourist attraction.
address: Jl Al Huda Blok B, No 2Cycle around the mountains, rice fields and beaches near Banda Aceh. Hike and bike tours and mountain bikes available
address: Jln Al Huda Blok B, No 2A bike is a great way to explore both the long history of Banda Aceh as well as the impact of the 2004 Tsunami. Bicycles, maps and route descriptions are available at Aceh Adventure.
phone: +62 813 99578873address: Jl Mesjid Al Huda Blok B No 2After the tsunami international donors and the Indonesian Government build plenty of excellent roads. The road along the west coast is of great beauty. Expect green hills and mountains and behind every corner an even more beautiful beach.
phone: +62 813 99578873address: Jl Mesjid Al Huda Blok B no 2The uninhabited island of Pulau Kreusik has a splendid, mosquito free white beach and is about 1 hour from Banda Aceh. The island has safe swimming. You can either make a day trip to the island or stay overnight.
Discover Aceh Divers Clubphone: +62 812 6970 1430address: Jl Utama No. 1 LamjameeThere are some nice diving spots around Banda Aceh such as Pulau Tuan, Pulau Bunta and Lhok Mata Ie with underwater fish and corals. If you are lucky you will see Manta rays. The price includes the boat from Banda Aceh. Certified divemasters will accompany you when diving.
MarketsThere are interesting fish, meat and vegetable markets in the centre of town. There are also some small souvenir shops selling various local items.
MallThe recently opened Hermes Palace mall is located at the city centre of Banda Aceh. The mall has over 100 stores with foodcourt, supermarket and clothing stores.
Canai Mamak KL Restaurantphone: +62 811-6845-471address: Jl Teuku Umar No 51, SeutuiMalay Food, Halal Toyibah.
- Shidqi Cafe, Jl. Malikul Saleh, Lamlagang, (on the left side of the Red Crescent Hospital), . Naturalis Cafe.
PaceBenephone: +62 651 31035address: Jl Bhakti no 33A-B, Kampung LaksanaBest restaurant in town, not just for its fresh seafood, pasta and pizza, but also its great roof top garden. Dishes work from an Italian template, but with the best ingredients Banda Aceh has to offer. And watch out for when the salsa comes on, for the wait staff burst into spontaneous song. Also open weekdays for lunch.
- Imperial Kitchen, Jl Teuku Umar. High quality Chinese restaurant.
- Country Steakhouse, Jl Sri Ratu Safiatuddin 46D. Steaks, hamburgers, salads; western style food.
- Banda Seafood Restaurant, Jl Panglima Polem 125, (near the Kartika Hotel). Fine chicken, meat and vegetable dishes.
- Big Top, (across the road from Warung Ibu Pocut). Chinese and Indonesian dishes.
- Tower Coffee, (previously Putra Jaya), Jl Tgk Haji Abdullah Ujung Rimba No 14, (off Jl Muhammad near Masjid Baiturrahman). Panang style dining in nice A/C atmosphere with some English-speaking waiters.
- Niagara Cafe, Jl Hasandek 8-9. Has every fruit juice imaginable and a satay stand outside.
Istanaphone: +62 651 31287address: Jl. T. Panglima Polem, No. 66-68Two locations. Offers your typical Aceh fare in an A/C dining area. Careful ordering - they may serve and charge you two dishes.
Hermes PalaceThe restaurant here presumably offers the best hotel food in town and has nice dinner buffets as well as a la carte.
- Sultan Hotel, has a popular cafe, while the chef at the hotel’s Koetaradja Restaurant boldly tries his hand at a Sultan Burger.
There are some nice coffee houses with soothing rice paddie views around Ulee Kareng, along Jl Tengku Iskander on the town’s western outskirts.
Three fast food chain restaurants may be found in the centre, A&W, KFC and Pizza Hut.
My Juicephone: +62 65121613address: Jl. Twk M. Daud Syan, No. 9-11On what you might call "Auto Blvd", this clean, friendly restaurant features some of the best juice combos around. Try the terung belanda fruit juice, which is only indigenous to Sumatra.
Friends caffeeaddress: Jalan KartiniExcellent expressos, latte, iced-lattes and great juices.
Glee Cafe & Restoaddress: Mataie Hillside Adventure & Water Park
address: Jl. T. Umar No. 19 Banda AcehA cozy place to hang out with friends. You can find friendly faces although if you come solo. Coffee, local food including mie Aceh and various fresh juices. Free wifi is available.
phone: +62 651 635123address: Jl Cut Meutia 19, Banda AcehA 5-min walk to the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque and Pasar Aceh market. With a nice view of the Aceh River. Close to several banks, restaurants, supermarket and internet cafe. Airport shuttle services also available.
Hermes Palace Hotelphone: +62 651 755 5888address: Jl. T.Panglima Nyak MakamIDD telephone, refrigerator, hair dryer, internet access and 32-channel TV, wake up call service, concierge, meeting room, business centre and 24-hr room service.
- Hotel Sultan (in the centre). 2 star hotel, around US $30–40.
- Pavilliun Seulawah, Jl. Prof. A. Majid. Ibrahim II No. 3, (in the centre,). Good hotel with a restaurant, WiFi is included. Next to a park with sports possibilities. Around US $50.
- Oasis Hotel (just outside the centre). More cozy than the Swiss Bell and the rooms are just as nice, with WiFi in the lobby. Around US $75 per night.
Uncle's Homestayphone: +62 852 6028 4432 (mobile), +62 821 6821 5200 (homestay), +62 852 0673 5330address: Jl Mujahidin No. 2A, Lambaro Skep.This place is not the same since "Uncle" (Abdul) passed away. Now his widow Yulia runs the place. A bit far away from city center, offers basic rooms (water in the toilet after request) Rp 90,000.
phone: +62 651 499999address: Jl Soekarno Hatta 1Boutique hotel in the town, Spacious and modern rooms, individual terrace, WiFi. Saturday night BBQ, Wednesday pasta party
Hotel Wisataaddress: Jl. Jend. A. Yani 19-21Clean basic rooms with fan, cold shower and Wi-Fi for Rp. 125.000. A room with A/C costs more (Rp. 175.000?). Hot water also possible (costs more). Night food stalls are right in front of the hotel.