BogorBogor Raya region of Western Java, Indonesia. With almost a million inhabitants, modern Bogor is the 6th largest city of Jabodetabek (Greater Jakarta metropolitan area) and the 14th nationwide. In the Middle Ages, the city was the capital of Sunda Kingdom under name of Pakuan Padjajaran. Its name changed during the Dutch colonial period to Buitenzorg, meaning "without care" in Dutch. The city changed its name to "Bogor" during the Japanese occupation.
Originally a mountain resort town, it is now a densely populated city that is part of the Greater Jakarta metropolitan area. The city is most famous for its presidential palace and the extensive botanical gardens (Bogor Botanical Garden), which is one of the oldest in the world. The city is also famous nationwide for its education, especially in Agricultural Science.
- Bogor Tourist Information Centre, ln Kapten Muslihat N0. 51 Phone: (+62)251-8363433 Open daily from 8:00 - 19:00
After Tarumanagara was defeated by the neighbouring Srivijaya, the kingdom was succeeded by the Kingdom of Sunda. The kingdom reigned over much of western Java, and Bogor was chosen as its capital under name of "Pakuan Padjajaran". In old Sundanese, the name "Pakuan Padjajaran" means "a place between the parallel ".
It was one of the largest cities in medieval Java, with well over 48,000 inhabitants. After Sunda was defeated by the neighboring Sultanate of Banten, most of the area became neglected and remained mostly uninhabited for decades.
In the middle of the 17th century, the Sultanate of Banten was brought under the control of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). The first temporal colonial settlement was a camp of lieutenant Tanoejiwa, a Sundanese employed by the VOC. Due to its relatively fertile soil, the Dutch transformed Pakuan into a plantation area. In a relatively short time, several agricultural settlements appeared around Pakuan and in 1701. These settlements were merged into a single administrative district. In 1744–1745, the residence of the Governor-General (now Bogor Palace) was built and become the seat of government during the summer.
In 1746, by the order of the Governor-General Gustaaf Willem van Imhoff, the Palace, a nearby Dutch settlement and nine native settlements were merged into an administrative division named Buitenzorg (Dutch for "beyond (or outside) concerns," meaning "without worries" or "carefree". Buitenzorg became the main summer getaway for Dutch colonials because of the beautiful plantations and surrounding mountains, and also because it was (and is) noticeably cooler than VOC's capital, Batavia (present-day Jakarta).
Buitenzorg, along with the rest of the formerly Dutch colonial possessions they had occupied, were returned to Dutch rule under the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824. The Dutch continued to develop the regency and by the end of the 19th century, Buitenzorg became one of the most developed and Westernized cities in Indonesia.
During World War II, Japanese forces occupied Buitenzorg and the rest of Dutch East Indies. The city's name was changed to "Bogor" in an effort to gain support by Indonesian nationalists.
Today, Bogor has a significant role in the cultural, scientific and economic development of the country and West Java in particular – in part due to its colonial legacies such as infrastructure. Bogor also become a center of education, especially in Agricultural Science.
Local peopleBogor, like many parts of western Java, is inhabited by ethnic Sundanese people.They are overwhelmingly Muslims, but some pocket of ancient Javanese Hinduism still survives. More traditional Sundanese still adhere to Sunda Wiwitan, an ancient belief system. Their native language, the Sundanese language, is practically spoken by everyone here, along with Bahasa Indonesia. However due to the bilingual nature of the locals, learning Sundanese is not essential to communicate. Other ethnicities include considerable numbers of Betawi, Javanese, Chinese and others, often mixed ethnicities.
People in Bogor are extremely friendly and will go out of their way to help you. Be polite and smile, and it will get you far. English is not prevalent, but basic English is spoken by many in restaurants and in the local warung food-stalls.
If you are a Westerner be prepared for Indonesians asking you for a photo. Do not be shy. They just enjoy visitors to Bogor, and posing for a photo with a smile can make someone's day.
Bogor's epithet is Kota Hujan, meaning "City of Rain". Statistically, it's the rainiest city on Java, and locals jokingly advise getting any sightseeing done in the morning because it's guaranteed to rain in the afternoon. Then again, tramping through the Gardens can actually be more pleasant in a cool drizzle. Lovers of Bogor will tell you that most of the time it is dry; normally, the rain falls only in heavy bursts late in the day.
The nearest major international airport is Jakarta's Soekarno Hatta International Airport.(CGK) There are direct Damri buses from there to Bogor Rp 55,000 every 30 min (1-2 hours, depending on traffic). If you charter a helicopter from Soekarno Hatta airport, you can request in advance for permission to land at Atang Senjaya airport, Bogor. This airport is a military base, but it may be used for civilian flights in the future.
By trainis the southern terminus of both the yellow and red lines of Jakarta's commuter rail network (KA Commuter Jabodetabek). Both lines run from Jakarta via Depok to Bogor, with the red line trains originating at Kota station in West Jakarta, and they yellow line trains originating at Jatinegara station in East Jakarta. Trains of both lines call at several stations in South Jakarta as well, while red line trains call at Gondangdia station in Central Jakarta, near the famous backpacker's street Jalan Jaksa.
In a few years, you can access Bogor and its surroundings by the new LRT. This LRT can also bring you to Bekasi, another city, also in the Jabodetabek sphere. (NOTE: The bolded "bek" is Bekasi.)
By busThere are direct Damri buses from Jakarta's Soekarno Hatta International Airport to Bogor for Rp 55,000.
Buses also go to Bogor from Jakarta, Bandung, Sukabumi, Yogyakarta and even further cities like Malang.
Buses from Jakarta depart from Lebak Bulus, Kampung Rambutan and Kalideres bus terminals and take about 1-2 hours depending upon the traffic. There are two types of buses available: Executive (air conditioned) and Economy.
Buses from Bogor to Bandung takes about 3 hours. Executive buses use the Cipularang highway route while the Economy buses are still using the old route via Puncak Pass. During weekends they may take a loop through Sukabumi, adding an extra hour.
The easiest way to get to Bogor is to hire a car and a driver; this is relatively cheap. Or, you can rent a car. There is more than one road to Bogor, and the minor roads are often the most interesting and congested. With Tol Jagorawi, Bogor is about 40 minutes to 1 hour from Jakarta. During traffic jam (rush hours), it may take significantly longer, and during weekends and holidays, the trip from Jakarta to Bogor may take even up to 3 hours. Tol Jagorawi is 48 km, and the exit to Bogor is at, or approximately, KM 40.
You can take metered taxi to Bogor from Jakarta. The cost will be approx. Rp.250,000-500,000, plus toll road fees of about Rp.30,000. The trip may take up to 3 hours on old roads and 40 minutes to 1 hour on Tol Jagorawi, depending on the traffic. Be cautious during the rainy season (Nov - Mar) because the route to Bogor is subject to flash flooding. It's better to use bigger companies like the Blue Bird Group because with the biggest fleet between Jakarta and Bogor they are the most reliable.
There are many pleasant traffic-free walks in Bogor, alongside rivers and canals.
The traffic in Bogor is chaotic. There is a daily traffic jam in Bogor from early in the morning to late in the afternoon. On weekend and holiday, people from Jakarta often go to Bogor with their cars.
The easiest way to get around Bogor is by angkot, little green minibuses, hordes of which infest Bogor's central streets. Any trip from anywhere to anywhere costs Rp 2,000, paid when you get off.
The downsides to using angkot are that the drivers are reckless and theft is all too common (guard your belongings). Also, some angkot like 02 or 03 only depart from their pangkalan (terminals) when full — 10 min on a good day on a busy route, 90 minutes on a bad day on an unpopular one.
By horse cart
Horse carts known as delman can be found in central Bogor, and it could be an option if you want to cruise around and take a look at the city. The poor beasts aren't very comfortable in the traffic scrum, though.
Blue Bird Taxis operate in Bogor but prepared as they generally can turn up late or sometimes not at all, make sure you call 10 min after ordering to check it is coming. Allow an extra half an hour for your airport taxi. Ride-hailing-app services such as Go-Car (from Gojek) and Grab are also available.
phone: +62 251 8311362The Bogor Botanical Gardens (Kebun Raya) is Bogor's pride and joy. The extensive Botanical Gardens were founded in 1811 as a private garden of the Governor-General's summer residence by Sir Stamford Raffles, who also went on to found Singapore. However, it was Casper Reinwardt who adopted the gardens and directed their scientific use, with Johannes Elias Teysmann continuing in his footsteps. Today, the gardens stretch out over 87 hectares, including some carefully manicured gardens as well as areas that look and feel like wild jungle. Fountains, lakes, two rivers and hilly trails make for interesting walking that can easily take 2 days if you really want to see it all. If you visit in January you may be able to spot a blooming giant arum (Amorphophallus titanum), the world's tallest inflorescence (flower cluster) which can reach an astounding 2.5 m and smells like rotting meat. The walk around the garden can be long. Taking the tour bus for a quick trip around the garden will give you some better information about planning your walk on foot. Beware of falling trees in case of storms or wind.
Presidential Palacein the northwest corners of the Botanical Gardens. Originally the summer residence of the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies, now one of the Indonesian president's summer escapes and noted for the 250 tame deer grazing in its grounds. The palace grounds can be visited from within the Gardens, but tours in the palace require 5 days advance notification — however, the Bogor TIC (see Connect) may be able to squeeze you in at short notice if there's a tour going on.
Orchid House at Bogor Botanical GardensLocated in the northeast corner of the Botanical Gardens. Large greenhouse housing orchids of all shapes and sizes, with two separate halls so there's always something blooming. Entry is included in the Botanical Garden entry fee.
KujangThis statue commemorates the struggle for Indonesian Independence by people in West Java. Kujang is a traditional weapon from West Java.
Prasasti BatutulisA carved stone to commemorate King Sri Baduga Maharaja from Kingdom of Pakuan Pajajaran. Created in 1533 by King Surawisesa, son of King Siliwangi Sri Baduga Maharaja (according to Kern/Pleyte and Danasasmita).
Prasasti CirauteunAt Cirauteun, Ciampea, Bogor. A large carved stone to commemorate King Pakuan from the Kingdom of Taruma (5th century).
phone: +62 251 250 000address: Jl. Raya Puncak No.601, Cisarua, BogorA beautiful safari park/zoo in Puncak.
Tourist mini busA half side open tourist minibus with capacity of 25 persons is called UNCAL or Unforgettable City Tour at Lovable City run a circle of Botanical Garden in one way direction for free. Start and finish at Botani Square.
phone: +62 251 8212666address: Jalan Bogor Nirwana Boulevard, Perumahan Bogor Nirwana Residence, Mulyaharja, Bogor Selatan, 16132An amusement park featuring water slides and other recreational attractions.
phone: +62 21 2884 7976address: Jl. Raya Bukit Pelangi Km 2, CiawiMeditation, yoga, self development programs, stress management. Sessions are about 90 min long.
There are many traffic-free walks by the side of rivers and canals. One is reminded, if one squints, of Venice in earlier days. One is likely to encounter colourful little houses and gardens, children flying kites, people bathing, vendors of snacks and spectacular views of Mount Salak. On the edge of Bogor one can walk beside rice fields and fruit orchards.
phone: +62 251 865 8722address: Jl. Pemda Raya No. 107The biggest fishing venue in Bogor. Freshwater fishing in a valley with Mount Salak view. Carp, catfish (lele, patin), Nila, etc).
phone: +62 21 8671533Cimanggis. Greg Norman designed golf course. They just changed the management recently and are improving all the facilities. They just added pathways for the golf carts and made the course a cart only course.
phone: +62 251 271888Bogor, adjacent to Perumahan Danau Bogor Raya. 18-hole golf course designed by Graham Marsh Golf Design. It is located at an altitude of 500 metres above sea level and the setting is natural, with mature trees, natural rivers and lakes. The golf course measures 6195 metres, par 71 with four sets of tee boxes (black, blue, white and red).
Rainbow Hills Golf Clubphone: +62 251 272111address: Jl. Raya Bukit Pelangi, CiawiLocated 10 km from Bogor city. J. Michael Poellot Golf Design Group designed the course.
Rancamaya Golf and Country Clubphone: +62 251 824 2282address: Jl.Rancamaya Utama, CiawiDesigned by Ted Robinson.
phone: +62 21 8790 2488address: Jl. Karanggan Raya, Cibinong-BogorThe only golf club in the country that offers 45 holes of championship golf. The Old Course is the jewel in the crown of Indonesian golf and can stand any form of competition with reputed golf courses anywhere in the world.
Most exciting are the traditional markets, filled with cheap clothing, toys, fruit, vegetables and the like. You should come every Sunday morning in Sempur for "in the morning" shopping while you have exercise. Tons of things and food for breakfast.
phone: +62 251 838-6658address: Jl. Raya PajajaranFood court, convention centre, meeting point. A prestigious shopping mall in Bogor. Easy to access via public transportation. Located next to Terminal (Bus Station) Baranangsiang. 24 hr ATM. It is also recommended for city check-in, with an airport bus to take you directly to Jakarta's CGK International Airport. Located also next to Botanical Garden and Bogor Agriculture Institute.
- Bogor Trade Mall, Jl. H. Juanda. Food court.
- Eka Lokasari Plaza, Jl. Siliwangi 123. Food court.
- Pangrango Plaza, Jl. Raya Pajajaran. Food court.
- Bogor Plaza, Jl. Surya Kencana. Food court.
Bogor's local specialities include pickles (asinan) and grilled bean sprouts (tauge goreng).
- De Daunan, east side of Botanical Gardens. Formerly Cafe Botanicus, serves up a mix of Dutch and Indonesian favorites, with lazy ceiling fans and a breezy veranda on a small hill looking over the garden. The rijsstaffel set is popular if a bit pricy at Rp 45,000.
- Sotomie Ciseeng. Jl. Suryakencana No. 302. A type of noodle with beef tendons and deep fried chives.
- Ngohiong, sold along Jl. Suryakencana. An originally Chinese dish (五香 wǔxiāng) made from flour and scraps of pork, deep fried and then served with tofu, fried potato wedges, a thick sweet sauce and pickles. Halal (non pork) version of the dish may also be available.
phone: +62 251 8393 248Gd. Alumni IPB Pelataran Parkir Pool Damri Jl. Raya Pajajaran No.54 Bogor,(Located next to Botani Square on west side of Pool DAMRI Parking Lot in Baranangsiang). Green Cozzy Cafe and free wifi.
- Gang Selot, at Jl. Ir Juanda, next to SMU Negeri 1 Bogor. This is a good place for a food lover. Various food outlets with very cheap price.
Harly's Cafe and Restophone: +62 251 8347928address: Dadali Street No. 10Serves good food including pizzas but only a few brands of beers other than the locals, Bintang and Anker. The spirits are expensive and most likely watered down and the atmosphere reminds one of something Charles Bukowski may have enjoyed. Dark and smokey and typically filled with older expats and women looking to take their money.
Ngeces Dimsum-Pastaphone: +62 813 8097 3972address: Jl Soleh Iskandar
Salak Sunset CafeQuaint cafe owned by an expat who has been in the city a long time. This is a popular place to have a beer with some freshly cooked peanuts. Wonderful view of the sunset over Salak Mountain.
phone: +62 251 8347928address: Jl Dadali 10Excellent ambiance with the feel of a Dutch pub. Excellent food and standard bar fare including popcorn, peanuts and Dutch bitterballen. Try the Schoarma Schotel with a cold Heineken.
phone: +62 251 838 3368address: 48A Veteran Street BogorAsian, fried rice and other Indonesian foods, served with spicy characteristics. 1st floor has a cafe and an internet cafe, 2nd floor has Bali blitz providing 2 music studio rooms and 4 cozy karaoke rooms, 3rd floor has a full bar, with selection of beers and cocktails, a wide dance floor, private section and DJ booth.
address: Jl. Siliwangi No 25X-One sits across from Circle K on Jln. Siliwangi. It's open almost every night, and Wednesday, Friday and Saturday are your best bets if you want to dance with a couple hundred other people. It's smoky, it's loud, and there are air conditioners every 2 metres doing their best to keep it cool. Billiard downstairs.
phone: +62 251 328045address: Jl. Sukasari 1 No. 5Dancing, drinking, karaoke and billiards. The billiard and karaoke are separate. Can be a little difficult to negotiate entry. There are extremely pricey "table and drink" packages on offer, but, if you ask, you can usually get in for the price of an over priced beer.
Mahoni BarHappy hour 6-8, buy 1 get 1. Live music every weekend 21:00-23:99. This is a cute little pagoda bar in the middle of the Novotel resort. It's quiet and friendly, and often quite empty. There's a free billiard table.
Katulampa Lounge BarThe Katulampa is located in the Aston Hotel and Resort. This is a premier hotel and offers a number of attractions next door as well as scenic, modern seating. You can also count on prices that will be higher, and some difficulty in reaching this location because no public transport routes go through the Bogor Nirwana Residence where the Aston Resort is located.
Indomart, Alfamart, and Circle KThese all sell beer, and you can find one on almost every street. The sale of spirits of any kind in a retail establishment is against the law. Circle K is your best bet for a cold beer, and you may have to ask at the counter at Alfamart, which has been known to hide them on shelves in the stock room.
Hotel Bogor Innphone: +62 251 832 8134address: Jl. Kumbang No. 21Cheap, near to Jl Malabar-the favourite place for students restaurants.
Abu Pensionphone: +62 251 8322 893address: Jl Mayor Oking 15Directly behind the railway station. Lovely food, nice terrace over river. Good info on what to do. Offers kampung tour of the small streets (200.000 Rp). Rooms: double/tripple from Rp 125,000 excluding breakfast. Air-con room (double) from Rp 200,000 ex breakfast. Some budget rooms with shared (clean) toilet and shower.
phone: +62 87770467818address: Jalan Selot 32Cheap place (fan, shared bathroom); near the botanical garden. Tom is very helpful and also organizes tours in the Bogor surroundings.
Hotel and Restaurant Mirah Sartikaphone: +62 251 831 2343address: Jalan Dewi Sartika 6
phone: +62 251835 9000address: Jl. Raya Pajajaran No. 17Flat-screen satTV, tea/coffee making facilities and a safety deposit box. Each room has a balcony. Bathrobes, slippers and toiletries are provided. Outdoor pool, spa and gym. WiFi and parking are free. Business centre and meeting room facilities. Laundry and dry cleaning services are available, and a 24 hr front desk is provided.
phone: +62 251 840 0707address: Botani Square, Jl. Raya PadjadjaranUnderground connection to the Botanical Gardens and a large mall next door. The staff are friendly and helpful, and the interior is very clean with spacious rooms.
phone: +62 251 827 1555address: Golf Estate Bogor RayaConferencing, banqueting facilities and rooms set amongst tropical gardens.
- Puncak — highlands and tea plantations along the road to Bandung.
- Citarik River - there are two white water rafting companies on this river about 2 hr out of Bogor on the Cikidang Road (turn right off Jalan Sukabumi after the petrol station). These companies are on the way to the beach in West Java, at Pelabuan Ratu. Great river all year round, but peak season is strangely the dry season (May–August), it gets more fun in the wet season, but more unpredictable. Great boats and good fun to be had, plus some bungalows by the river for sleeping.
- Taman Safari (20 km east of Bogor towards Bandung) has an impressive drive-through zoo with lions, tigers, hippos, rhinos, zebras, giraffes, as well as plenty of other animals is well-kept large enclosures. There are also some amusement park attractions for children, a water park, a baby zoo, as well as conventional zoo exhibitions including penguins, snakes, kangaroos and Komodo dragons. A very well maintained zoo and a much better than other zoos found in the region. Admission is around Rp 100,000 per person. When visiting with children reserve a full day, but 3 hrs is sufficient.
- Pelabuhan Ratu