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Franz Ley
Brixen (Italian: Bressanone) is a town in South Tyrol. The first human settlements in the area date back to the Mesolithic age. During the restoration and consolidation of Piazza Duomo (1996), the remains of a hut dating back to around 2,500 years ago were discovered, at a depth of about 4 meters underground. The area was conquered by the Romans, who had their main settlement in the nearby Säben (Italian: Sabiona). They held it until around 590, when it was occupied by Bavarians. Between 960 and 990 the town's influence and participation in the Catholic Church grew dramatically. It was during this era that the first version of the current Cathedral of Brixen was built. Brixen became the seat of an independent ecclesiastical principate when the bishops from Säben moved the bishopric from there in 965 AD. The bishopric was secularized in 1803 and annexed by the Austrian Empire. After the end of World War I, Brixen was annexed by Italy.

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