PragueWorld city and capital of the Czech Republic, great starting point for one-day trips in Central Bohemia
BerounCity (pop. 19,000) located in beautiful hilly landscape near Křivoklátsko, with remains of gothic fortification with two city gates.
Kutná HoraHistorical town (pop. 20,000) in UNESCO with famous St. Barbara cathedral, old silver mines and the Chapel of All Saints, which is decorated with thousands of human bones.
KolínHistoric town (pop. 31,000) lying on the Elbe river with a big Gothic church
Mladá BoleslavCity (pop. 44,000) with history of car factories, Laurin and Klement in past and Škoda auto factory today
PoděbradyHistorical spa town (pop. 14,000)
PříbramBig city (pop. 33,000) with rich mining history. In contrast with industrial past, on the hill above the town is Svatá Hora (Holy Mountain) baroque complex and sanctuary, also a good starting point for hiking in Brdy
Zruč nad Sázavouthe main sights of the town include a castle and the church of the Elevation of the Holy Cross
ŘíčanySmaller city near Prague.
Landscape is mostly flat due to rivers Elbe and Moldau, whose confluence is here. It is one of the most fertile parts of the Czech Republic. Mountains can be found in south part of Central Bohemia, with maximum elevation of 864 meters.
- Prague-Kladno 30 minutes
- Prague-Beroun 30 min.
- Prague-Příbram 46 min.
- Prague-Mělník 38 min.
- Prague-Benešov 46 min.
- Prague-Kutná Hora 1h7min.
- Praha-Mladá Boleslav 46 min.
By trainTravelling by train is possibly the best way to get into Central Bohemia. provides long-distance trains from many big cities in Czechia and from all capitals of neighbouring countries to Prague often with more stops in this region. For more accurate information look at IDOS.
- Berlin - Prague: 6x EuroCity a day, 4h5min
- Vienna - Prague: 7x RailJet + 1x EuroNight a day, 3h57min
- Warsaw - Prague: 2x InterCity + 1x ExpressInterCity + 1x EuroNight a day, 7h52min, IC stops as well in Kolín
- Bratislava - Prague: 7x EuroCity + 2x EuroNight a day, 3h57min, EC and EN stop in Kolín as well
- Brno - Prague: via Česká Třebová: 9x RailJet + 7x EuroCity + 1x InterCity + 1x EuroNight + 7x Rychlík Vyšší Kvality, 2h29min, EC, IC, Rx and EN stop as well in Kolín; via Havlíčkův Brod: 9x Rychlík, 3h37min, R stops in Čáslav, Kutná Hora and Kolín as well
- Ostrava - Prague: 6x SuperCity + 2x InterCity + 3x EuroCity + 4x Expres + 2x EuroNight a day, 2h55min, EC and Ex stop as well in Kolín
By trainTravelling by train in Central Bohemia is generally a good idea because of a dense railway network and frequent lines. You can buy single ride tickets, return tickets or for example regional day ticket at stations or in trains if at station is not a ticket counter. Or you can buy a time tickets of PID integrated system that are valid on trains, buses, tramways and metro in Central Bohemia. Note that it is not valid on all services.
Main railway hub in the region is Prague main train station (Praha hlavní nádraží) from where depart most long-distance trains and many regional trains. Many regional trains and some long-distance trains also depart from Prague Masaryk's station (Praha Masarykovo nádraží).
Besides normal services you can ride on historic trains too, for example see website of KŽC, historic train carrier, or . Note that on most of these trains you will need special ticket. Some railways are even a tourist attraction because of picturesque landscape. For example railway called Posázavský Pacifik (Prague - Světlá n/S via Vrané n/V, Čerčany, Sázava, Zruč n/S and Ledeč n/S) is routed in beautiful valley of Sázava. You can reach for example Sázava Monastery, Český Šternberk Castle or Zruč nad Sázavou on this railway.
Castles and ruins
KarlštejnHiking trip to the famous castle and an off-the-beaten path monastery
BudečRuins of Slavic hill fort and oldest standing building in the Czech Republic - Church of Saint Peter and Paul from 895(!), near Kladno
Český Šternberk CastleA 13th century castle, open to the public, considered being one of the best preserved Gothic Bohemian castles.
JenštejnRuins of a 14th century castle.
KřivoklátOriginally a 12th century castle, several times fire-damaged. A museum can be visited, with collections of hunting weapons, Gothic paintings and books. Also theatrical exhibitions happen here few times a year.
KokořínA castle built in 14th century.
OkořOriginally, a 13th century stronghold, deteriorating since 18th century.
Točník and ŽebrákŽebrák is a ruin by all standards, however Točník is still in reasonable shape and open to public.
Konopiště ChateauChateau of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, whose assassination started World War I.
Mníšek pod Brdy
MělníkA baroque chateau in one of the prettiest towns in Central Bohemia. Lies nearby a confluence of the two longest Czech rivers, the Moldau and the Elbe. Additionally a old and large Gothic church and local vineyards are worth a visit.
VeltrusyA small chateau, with a spacious and picturesque park surrounding it.
Other historic buildings
Sázava Monasteryfounded in 1032.
Svatá Hora at PříbramMarian Pilgrimage site of European significance
Nazi and communist history
Lidice MemorialMemorial of village completely destroyed during the Nazi occupation, as revenge for assassination of Reich Protector Reinhard Heydrich in 1942.
Vojna MemorialCommunity working camp near Příbram
BlaníkA natural reservation including a mountain of Blaník. A legend says that an army of Czech knights led by St. Wenceslas sleeps inside the mountain ready to awaken when the Motherland is in great danger.
Brdy MountainsAn area of wilderness in Central Bohemia located south of Prague with deep forests. It used to be a testing ground closed for visitors, but since 2016 became a Protected Landscape Area.
KokořínskoLying between Central and North Bohemia, this Landscape Protected Area offers some pretty sandstone rock formations, few castles and Máchovo Jezero lake.
Koněpruské Caves6 kilometers from Beroun largest cave system in Bohemia
KřivoklátskoProtected Landscape Area and UNESCO biosphere reserve with unique species of plants in forests of Berounka River valley. Křivoklát Castle is there.
Průhonice Park250 hectares of natural park with rare flowers and chateau is along with Prague historic centre in UNESCO. It is located right on the edge of Prague.
ItinerariesSome one-day trips from Prague:
Southeast of Prague
- Prague-Průhonice Park-Sázava-Český Šternberk Castle-Konopiště Chateau-Prague (2h30min. of total time driving)
- Prague-Kutná Hora (UNESCO)-Prague (2h15 min.)
North of Prague
There is also a wine-making tradition, centred around Mělník and Litoměřice.