DijonDijon is the largest city in the eastern French region of Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.
Dijon is perhaps best known for its mustard (named after the town), which is no longer produced locally, but it is still one of the most beautiful cities in France, and its historic buildings and byways were not heavily damaged by bombing in World War Two and are largely intact. The surroundings is also an important wine production region, and Dijon has historically been the centre for regulatory bodies for wine production (some wine classification systems were invented here) and therefore the historical centre of Dijon forms part of the UNESCO World Heritage site "Climats, terroirs of Burgundy".
Dijon was for some time the capital of the Dukes of Burgundy. Burgundy was a great power during the 14th and 15th centuries, when the dukes controlled a large part of what is now northeastern France, western Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands.
The dukes were great patrons of the arts, so Dijon was a major centre of Gothic and early Renaissance music, painting, and sculpture, attracting some of the greatest and most famous artists and musicians from Flanders in particular. The music the great composers left behind can be performed anywhere, but it is particularly in the fields of sculpture and architecture that masters left a lasting mark on Dijon.
Today, Dijon is a cosmopolitan city, with universities in the centre and industrial plants on the outskirts. Traffic is restricted in the centre of the city, so many parts of central Dijon are quiet and relaxing.
There are three tourist offices in the city:
- At the train station (on the right when getting out of the station):
- April to September: Monday to Saturday 09:30 - 18:30, Sundays and public holidays 02:00 - 18:00
- October to March: Monday to Saturday 09:30 - 13:00 and 14:00 - 18:00, Sundays and public holidays 10:00 - 16:00
- April to September: Monday to Saturday: 09:30 - 18:30, Sundays and public holidays: 10:00 - 18:00
- October to March: Monday to Saturday 09:30 - 13:00 and 14:00 - 18:00, Sundays and public holidays: 10:00 - 16:00
They have free maps of the downtown area, including a map and guide for the self-guided walking tour of Dijon. The walking tour uses a small brass pavement marker with an owl design to note the path along the sidewalks of Dijon. Larger numbered owl markers correspond to different stops on the tour, and the guide pamphlet will have descriptions of the art, history and architecture of that stop.
The train à grande vitesse (TGV) speeds travellers from Paris (only 100 min) and other major French cities to Dijon. There are also regular train services to a variety of destinations, including, but not restricted to, Italy (Milan, Turin, Florence and Rome among them), Switzerland, Luxembourg and Belgium.
There is also a special return ticket on the TER from Paris (Train Express Régional) that is slow (3 hr) but costs only €18, and lets you spend 24 hr in Dijon, including a Saturday night. The train departs from Paris-Bercy on Saturdays at 15:20, arriving in Dijon at 18:14, the return departs from Dijon on Sundays at 19:46, arriving in Paris-Bercy at 22:44 You can buy this at station ticket offices in Paris Bercy train station or Paris Gare de Lyon only.
Dijon-Longvic Air BaseThis is a former military air base whose military function was ended in 2016 after over a century of use. It does not see any commercial flights but is able to accommodate general aviation
There are a few TGV high-speed trains directly from the center of Dijon to Paris CDG airport; otherwise, Air France operates buses from CDG to Paris Gare de Lyon from which there are frequent TGV trains to Dijon.
Eurolines connects Dijon to all the major European cities and TRANSCO is a regional bus service for the Burgundy region.
Dijon is well connected to the freeway and highways networks, where you can drive cars. Traffic is restricted in the centre of the city, so you will probably want to park your car for the duration of your visit, except to access the Well of Moses, which is on the outskirts of the city.
For most purposes, walking is the best way to get around the center of the city. A comprehensive network of buses covers farther local destinations.
If you want to get a bit outside of the downtown (like to get to the well of Moses) it's often easier and faster to use a bicycle.
phone: +33 800 200 305Similar to the Vélib service in Paris, Vélodi is a bike loan service. There is bike stands throughout the city, allowing you to pick a bike and then leave it in another stand. You have to pay at a stand (with credit card, you must have at least €150 on your credit card account as that amount will be charged unless you return the bike in the next 24 hr) €1 for 7 days, and then you'll be charged €0.50 for each 30 min of bike use (the first 30 min are free), and it gets more expensive after 2 hr of use. Not the best idea if you want to visit the city with a bike, but still a good deal to get back home late at night, but be sure to check where's the nearest stand you can use as they are not available on the outskirts of the city.
phone: +33 3 80 49 18 06address: 17 rue de l'ÎleSimpler and cheaper is the bike rental offered by this non-profit association who is a self-repair bicycle workshop, but they also rent bikes to non-members. It's €6.50 for the day or €11 for a week-end.
- If you're here on a long term basis, there is even another service called DiviaVélo (€15 for one month).
Buses and trams in Dijon are serviced by Divia. As of August 2016, a one way ticket costs €1.30 (plus 30 cents for a reloadable card), €3.90 for a 24-hour ticket, €6.85 for a 48-hour ticket, and €8.80 for a 72-hour ticket. There is also city bus which is free of cost which will take you around the city.
The city offers the Diviaciti, a free, frequent shuttle bus for visitors that connects many of the downtown destinations in a loop, along with several parking areas. But be wary that the shuttle is only a minibus and is often congested with locals.
If you happen to arrive by train, take note that the orientation maps can be a bit misleading. For some reason, maps are oriented with west, rather than north, in the upward position.
La ChouetteThe icon of Dijon, sculpted on the side of the Notre-Dame church in 15th century. Story says it can grant you a wish when you touch it with your left hand.
- There is a dragon hiding in the church window to the left of the owl, which supposedly eats your wish if you touch the owl passing from the wrong direction.
Place François RudeA central place with beautiful traditional houses, a fountain with a sculpture, with an old carousel, and a lot of cafés and bars. Popular among locals on summer days.
Buildings and structures
Ducal Palacea beautiful building, has a museum containing priceless treasures and wonderful art that was the property of the Dukes of Burgundy. If you visit nothing else in Dijon, visit this museum (Musée des Beaux-Arts).
- The Philippe Le Bon tower in the Ducal Palace. You can climb its 316 steps to have a view over Dijon. Though it will cost you €2.30 and it is limited to 19 people, only at restricted hours for security reasons.
- Palais de Justice (rue du Palais) built in the 16th century.
- Auditorium (modern).
- Les Halles is an indoor market, designed by Dijon native Gustave Eiffel of Eiffel Tower fame.
There are a lot of religious buildings in the city. François I said "c'est la ville aux cent clochers" ("it's the city of one hundred bell towers") when arriving in Dijon.
The cathedralwas built in the 14th century and is a national monument
Notre Damea church from the 13th century, famous for its automaton clock, stolen in Coutrai (Belgium) in 1383
Well of Mosesa splendid monument by Claus Sluter, is now on the grounds of a psychiatric hospital but can be visited nonetheless. You can go there using a walking/cycling trail called the "Coulée verte"; see the Do stuff to know more.
- St. Michel church, which is east of the Palais des Ducs. It was built from the 15th to the 17th century.
Most museums are free for everyone. English and French audio guide is available most of the time.
address: 1 rue RameauThis art museum is in the Palais Ducal and has a permanent exhibition of medieval art from Dijon's heyday as capital of the Dukes of Burgundy. On the upper floor, there are lots of paintings by local artists and Flemish painters. The museum sometimes hosts temporary exhibitions with works from local artists. The most famous part of the museum is the Guard Room with tombs. On the top floor, there is more recent art like Picasso, Monet or Courbet.
Musée d'Histoire Naturelleaddress: 14 Rue Jehan de MarvilleThe natural history museum was set up in the gardens of Jardin de l'Arquebuse in 1860. It showcases the animal kingdom in both permanent and temporary exhibitions.
- Pavillon de Raines in the Arquebuse gardens hosts temporary exhibitions on scientific topics, animals, etc.
- The planetarium in the Arquebuse gardens has different showings on astronomy.
Musee de la Vie Bourguignonneaddress: 17 rue Sainte-AnneThe museum is housed in the cloister of the Bernadine Monastery and provides a collection of scenes depicting life in rural and urban Burgundy from the 18th century to the beginning of the 20th century.
Musee d'Art Sacreaddress: 17 rue Sainte-AnneThe museum is housed in the church of the Bernardine monastery, built in the early eighteenth century. Works of art, sculptures, paintings and silverware show the artistic history of the province from the 12th to the 20th centuries.
- Jardin Darcy (on the Darcy place) is a beautiful park near the station and it's a great place to have a rest and to see how French people enjoy themselves. (But before you sit down on a bench, you should make sure that there are no pigeons on a branch above you). You can see the famous white bear of François Pompon (although this one is a replica made by Henri Martinet; the original is at the Orsay museum in Paris).
- The Arquebuse is a large garden, situated just below the train station, built in the 18th century on this place where Arquebuse knights met in 15th century. It contains the botanic gardens (Jardin Botanique), the museum d'histoire naturelle, the planetarium and the pavillon de Raines.
- Promenade de l'Ouche (or Coulée verte) is a walking and cycling trail which starts near the Hospital (rue du Faubourg Raines, 10 minutes walk from city center) and follows the Ouche river to the Kir lake. On the way to the lake you can stop at the Well of Moses (30 min walk).
- Lac Kir (Kir lake) is an artificial lake just bit outside the city. There you can walk or cycle around the lake. In the summer days there's plenty of people on the beach (you can swim in the lake, although the water is a bit dark).
- Rue de la Liberté, which extends east from Place Darcy to the Palais des Ducs is a main shopping street with all types of shopping for locals and visitors.
- Dijon mustard is no longer produced in Dijon. In fact, 80% of the mustard seeds used to produce mustard in France (including the Maille brand which is owned by Unilever) is imported from Canada. Edmond Fallot is a independent family business that has been producing authentic Burgundy mustard (i.e., they use mustard seeds from Burgundy, not imported from Canada) since 1840. They have a boutique on Rue de la Chouette where you can taste their many mustard varieties, but their factory in Beaune sells them for a few cents cheaper.
- Les Halles, an indoor marketplace, has many stalls for fresh produce, meat, and seafood.
Jambon persille (terrine/meatloaf of parsleyed ham) and pain d'epices (gingerbread) are local delicacies of the region.
There are 23 Michelin starred restaurants in the area.
La Guinguetteaddress: 1 Cour BourberainSmall restaurant at the end of a ruelle. Cozy and convivial, decorated with kitsch old French ep records like Claude François, you'll be able to order very big plates based on potato, salad and cheese around an apéro maison. Quite cheap but good luck to eat all your plate. But if you can't eat it all, they will give you a doggy bag. Be sure to call before coming, as the restaurant is small and sometimes crowded on Saturday evenings.
Chez Nousaddress: ruelle QuentinOne the most well known cafés in Dijon. Most people go there for the ambiance of this small place where you can meet all the people involved locally in ecology, communism, free software, anarchism, art, and free-thinking. There you'll be able to play chess or go with strangers and meet a lot of interesting persons. You can also eat "brasserie" food (€3-7) or "plat du jour" (€8).
address: 3 rue BlairetVery nice in the summer with its open courtyard, couches and ping pong table. You can also take a look inside the painted buildings where painters and sculptors show their work. Some nights there is concerts, films or games. A bit outside of the city center (15 minutes walk), it's a good idea to get there after a walk using the Coulée Verte trail as it's on the way to the Kir Lake (see the Do section). Drinks are €1-3, and you can eat a simple sandwich for €3.50. You'll have to become a member of the association to order food and drinks (€5, includes the first drink).
phone: +33 3 80 60 09 60address: 32 Rue Verrerie2-star hotel, no frills, but clean, quiet and very pleasant. The location cannot be beaten, in the centre of the antique pedestrian area. Excellent boulangerie across the street and a nice, little restaurant (serving only mussels and pommes frites) down the street — both great at what they do and good value.
- Hotel Frantour des Ducs—3 star, €50-65 low season. Clean, centrally located at the end of the Rue de la Liberte.
phone: +33 3 80 30 54 01address: 3 Boulevard Chanoine Kir, 21000, DijonLocated in the city just downstream from Lac Kir. On the Ouche River and close to the canal. Almost everything you might want to do in Dijon can be accessed on foot from the campground. There is also a large InterMarche food store within a 10-minute walk. All sites are separated by hedges, there are toilets, showers and a washing up area. Free WiFi is available in the area of the Registration office.
You can reserve vineyard tours through the Dijon Tourist Office to visit the Côte de Nuits and participate in wine tastings in some of the most famous wine-making villages of Burgundy. Wine and Voyages has the longest running tours available and are wine experts. Tel: +33 3 80 61 15 15
- Besançon, the capital of the region, has a beautiful old city, great art and architecture, with Vauban-designed citadel which is surrounded by beautiful green hills, and the atmosphere of a university city as well as one of history and commerce.
- Beaune is a beautiful town with many wineries and excellent examples of typical regional architecture. In particular, make sure you see the Hôtel-Dieu.