- — the capital of the country
- — the center of Europe according to some measures
- — the biggest forest (Dainavos) and swamp (Čepkelių) in the country, and some old unique villages in the middle of the forests
- — well preserved historic castle ~35 km. from Vilnius
- — (near Purnuskes, 25 km north of Vilnius) Purnuskes claim to fame is that in 1989 the National Institute of Geography, of France, calculated the centre of Europe to be just outside the village. A stone memorial was erected on the calculated spot. A subsequent revision, after it was realised that Malta had been omitted from the calculation, changed the location ... by about 100 metres. A brand new memorial pillar was erected in 2004 to mark Lithuania's membership of the EU.
- — Former Lithuanian capital at the bank of the river Neris and now a well-preserved archaeological site that is inscribed on the .}}
- — (near Medininkai village, a few km from the border with Belarus) At 293.84 m, Aukštojas is the highest point in Lithuania. Juozapinė Hill, about 500 m away is the third highest point in the country.}}
- Two points on the Struve Geodetic Arc
Dzūkija is a cultural region in south-eastern Lithuania. Most of the region is sparsely populated and covered by forests, stretching north-east from the border with the Polish region of Podlaskie. The northern part of the region, however, is the cradle of Lithuanian statehood and includes the current capital Vilnius and two medieval capitals - Kernavė and Trakai. Two of Lithuania's five national parks can be found here as well as three of the country's four UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Eight regional parks are also established in the region and serve to protect both the natural environment and cultural heritage.