E4 through Sweden
European route E4 stretches 1,590 kilometres with most of Sweden's length between Helsingborg in the south, and Haparanda in the north, extending less than a kilometre beyond the Finnish border at Tornio.
E4 is also used by Norwegians to drive between Finnmark and Southern Norway, considerably shorter than E6.
The leg between Helsingborg and Stockholm used to be served by Riksväg 1, "Riksettan" ("National Road 1") before the E-number introduction 1962, then with very little motorway.
The E4 is a remnant of an obsolete route numbering standard. With current standards, longitudal highways should have odd numbers. The E4 was to be part of E55, which stretches from Kalamata in Greece to Helsingør in Denmark. Due to the cost of sign replacement, and tradition, Sweden has got permission to retain the numbers E4 and E6.
Most of the E4, except in Norrland, is limited-access highway (motorway in British English). E4 in Norrland is often 2+1-road with a middle barrier and grade-separated exits.
National rail carrier SJ runs rail traffic parallel to the E4 (often some distance away from it), from Malmö to Stockholm, and onwards from Stockholm to Luleå.
- Ferry from Helsingör or Copenhagen to Helsingborg.
- The Öresund Bridge from Copenhagen to Malmö, and E6 to Helsingborg.
To travel north to south, go to Tornio in Finland, and cross the border. The E8 connects Tornio to Tromsö.
HelsingborgGateway to the continent, famous for the Kärnan castle, and a successful football team.
JönköpingA quaint city, nicknamed the "Jerusalem of Sweden" for its many churches. Famous for production of Swedish safety matches.
GrännaOne of the most scenic parts of the E4 is at lake Vättern. There is a rest area at Brahehus, a Medieval ruin.
LinköpingA city with a cathedral, a university, and the birthplace of Swedish aviation.
NorrköpingAn old industrial city.
If you travel to or from Norrland, you should avoid passing through the congested highways in Stockholm at least in rush hour, and instead use roads 50, 55 or 56 through inland Sweden. These roads are non-expressways. Traffic is usually lighter.
NyköpingAn old city with the Skavsta airport.
Södertälje and Arlanda, especially at rush hour in mornings and late afternoons. The passage through Stockholm requires congestion tax (see Stockholm#Get around).
SödertäljeA port city, and the uncrowned capital of the Assyrian diaspora.
Salem, Botkyrka, HuddingeStockholms southern suburbs, with the world's largest IKEA store.
StockholmSweden's capital and largest city. The highway gives a scenic view of the inner city, especially for the lanes heading north.
Solna and KistaStockholm's northern suburbs. The E4 passes by Friends Arena (the national football stadium) and the Kista Fairs.
Sollentuna, Upplands VäsbyStockholms far-north suburbs.
UppsalaHome to the largest Nordic cathedral, and the country's first university.
- Uppsala countryside
ÄlvkarlebyA waterfall and the Chinese-styled Dragon's Gate Hotel.
Norrland is known for its natural beauty, much of the E4 stretches through inland forest. If you have time, consider driving along smaller roads along the sea instead.
SöderhamnA town of 11,000 inhabitants.
SundsvallCentre of the Swedish wood industry.
HärnösandA coastal city.
High CoastUNESCO World Heritage Site.
LuleåDominated by the iron and steel industry.
HaparandaSweden's easternmost city, with the world's northernmost IKEA store.
E4 is preferably used for at least one of the directions when visiting Norrbotten, Finnish Lapland or Finnmark.