FushunLiaoning Province of China.
In the early 20th century, the area came under first Russian and then Japanese control. Fushun was developed as a major coal mining and heavy industrial area. This city was called 'Coal Capital of China'. Fushun was also the site of China's first non-ferrous metal production plant - Fushun Aluminium Plant. During the 1980s, a significant petrochemical industry was developed. It is now the largest petrochemical and refined chemical producer in China. With these industries came inevitable pollution. In 2001, the city launched a drive to improve its environment, introducing new equipment into the factories, especially the Aluminium Plant.
Lei Feng is little known to the wider world, but in China, he is a household name. Lei Feng was held up by Mao Zedong and other leaders of China as an example for the whole country to copy, a model of the communist idea. Fushun was the city of his military career and a museum here tells his life story.
By planeThe nearest airport is Shenyang Taoxian International. It is about 30 to 40 minutes drive by road to Fushun form this airport. Shenyang Taoxian has frequent flights to destinations all over China as well as Japan, North and South Korea, Russia and other international routes.
By roadThe Shenfu Express Way connects Fushun with the nearby provincial capital, Shenyang. The journey takes about 30 minutes. From Shenyang, a number of express ways radiate out to other cities in Liaoning as well as neighbouring provinces.
By busRegular buses or coaches run the route between Shenyang (from Minzhu Lu, opposite the south railway station) to Fushun South railway station form 5AM till 7PM every day. They leave when full which may be as frequently as every 10 minutes. The fare is ¥10 and journey time is about 60 to 90 minutes. On route the bus will stop at various tourist sites (Dongling, Garden Expo, Royal Ocean World) to pick up or drop off. On entering Fushun city, the bus passes Fushun south station then takes a circuitous route round the whole city before stopping back at the south station again. Bus company tel: +86 413 7614552.
Other less frequent buses run to other cities in Liaoning and Jilin. There is also a direct bus to and from Beijing.
By trainThere are two train stations in Fushun - the North and the South stations. Trains run through this station from locations such as Shenyang, Beijing, Tumen and Tonghua and other cities en route between these points. Fushun South Station Tel: +86 41 3262 4816.
Manchu Imperial temple - Xianyou Temple
Manchu Imperial Temple - Dizang Temple
Luotai Mountain Villa
Nanshan Scenic Area
Wanghua District (望花区; Wànghuāqū)These sites are to the south and west of Fushun city, within the urban area.
phone: +86 41 3665 8818address: 61 Huping Road, Wanghua District (望花区和平路东段61号; Wànghuāqū Hépínglùdōngduàn)This building was built as a museum in 1964, and was converted to the Lei Feng Memorial Hall in 1992. Lei Feng spent the last years of his adult life in Fushun and later became famous throughout the country. His life is seen as an example of how every Chinese person should conduct themselves. The modern memorial hall contains an exhibit in English and Chinese which tells the story of Lei Feng's life and works and displays some of his personal belongings, photographs, and own writings. Lei Feng died a short distance to the north-west of the well-kept park surrounding the Hall. All of this is his life story as told by the government—it's probably more propaganda than reality, and scholars question whether Lei Feng even existed at all. This site is a Chinese AAAA rated tourist attraction.
phone: +86 41 3611 8888 or +86 24 8271 1236address: Wanghua District (抚顺高湾(沈吉高速抚顺西出口))A family theme park opened in 2008 and still being expanded, it claims to house the largest aquarium in Asia. It offers the following attractions:
Ocean World contains sea and fresh water aquariums filled with all manor of aquatic life.
Century Forest focuses on reptiles, lizards, snakes and crocodiles.
Narnian Castle, a theatre where animal shows are performed several times throughout the day (show times may vary throughout the year).
Susu world is a soft play centre for children.
Hawaii Waterpark is a large water park with an indoor artificial beach with wave pool. It also has many water slides, a spa area and several water activities for children.
Each of these attractions can be purchased separately or on a combined ticket.
Xilutian Minephone: +86 41 3254 8859address: Wanghua DistrictThis National Industrial Tourist Exemplary Spot is the largest open cast coal mine in Asia. It is 6.6 km from east to west, north to south it is 2 km wide, with a total area of 13.2 km². The vertical depth is 388 meters mining. The site opened in 1914 and is still in use.
Shuncheng District (顺城区; Shùnchéngqū) and Xinfu District (新抚区; Xīnfǔqū)These sites are on the north and east side of the river within Fushun City urban area or within easy travel of the city.
Dahuofang Reservoir (National Water Conservancy Scenic Area)Covering 110 km² and with a capacity of 2.2 billion m³, this is the largest reservoir in the north of China.
Fushun War Criminals Management Centrephone: +86 41 3768 4346address: Below Gaoer Mountain, Ningyuan Street, Xinfu District (新抚区宁远街高尔山下; Xīnfǔqū Níngyuǎnjiē Gāoěrshānxià)It was here that the last emperor, Puyi, along with other Japanese and Kuomintang war criminals, were detained after the end of World War II. The site is now open for tourists to view. The galleries show the transformation of the war criminals and their living conditions.
Gao'er Mountain Parkphone: +86 41 3767 3079A beautiful area of mountainous park land dotted with Buddhist temples, statues and pagodas. The tall pagoda at the top of the hill dates to 1088 making it the oldest extant pagoda in China. It is 14.1 m high with a diameter of 6.8 m.
Dongzhou District (东洲区; Dōngzhōuqū) and Fushun County (抚顺县; Fǔshùnxiàn)These sites are outside of Fushun city to the east but still within easy travelling distance.
Saerhu Scenic Areaphone: +86 413 4460562address: Dongzhou District (东洲区; Dōngzhōuqū)This park of 268 km² surrounds Dahuofang Reservoir which is itself 110 km² and the largest artificial lake in Liaoning. It was in these surroundings that the Nuzhen tribes first settled before going on to united the Manchu and become the Qing rules of China. The mountains were the scene of Sar Hu Battle in 1619 between the fledgling Manchu kingdom and the mighty Ming Dynasty of China. The Ming sent a 480,000-strong army to crush the Manchurians, but were defeated by the superior tactics of the Manchu arm which numbered no more than 70,000. This is a AAA rated tourist site on the National Chinese scale.
Yuanshuailin National Forest Parkphone: +86 413 3480628address: Fushun County (抚顺县; Fǔshùnxiàn)This park, created in 1992, covers an area of 10.44 hectares. It is northeast of Fushun city on a promontory on the north side of Dahuafang Lake.
Guanshanhu National Water Conservancy Scenic Areaaddress: Fushun County (抚顺县; Fǔshùnxiàn)This reservoir, also known as Beihu (north lake) is a popular beauty spot with dense forest, mountain and lake.
Sankuaishi Forest Parkphone: +86 413 2650174address: Fushun County (辽东山区腹地的抚顺县)Here you can hike through forest covered mountains which abound in wildlife. Within the area is the site of a revolutionary base during the war again Japan and the following Chinese Civil War. Preserved trenches can still be seen.
Xinbin and Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous CountiesThese sites are some distance east from Fushun city centre and should be given adequate time for travel. Hetuala City and the Qingyong Tomb are a short drive from each apart.
phone: +86 413 5154706, +86 413 5170024address: Near Yongling in Xinbin Manchu Autonomous CountyThis nationally rated AAAA-class scenic area is near to the Yongling Tomb UNESCO world heritage site. It was here that in 1616, Nurhachu set up his capital city founding the Late Jin Dynasty of the Manchurian people that would later become the ruling Qing Dynasty of China. The site preserves the remains of this former capital and displays unique Manchurian architecture, customs and culture.
Qingyong Tombphone: +86 413 5154318address: Xinbin Manchu Autonomous CountyOne of the three tombs of the Qing dynasty 'North of the wall'. Dating to the 17th century, the buildings are a fine example fo Manchu architecture. This is a UNESCO world heritage site.
Pingdingshan Tragedy Memorial Hall Ruinsaddress: Pingdingshan Village in Xinbin Manchu Autonomous CountyIn 1932, Japan invaded the north east of China. In an event know to history as the Pingdingshan Tragedy, 3000 people were killed by the Japanese. This site marks a mass grave where, in 1972, the bodies of 800 victims were found.
Houshi National Forest Parkphone: +86 413 5150119address: Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (新宾满族自治县西南)On the national scale, this is a National AAAA-class scenic area.
Hunhe River Source Forest Parkaddress: Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous CountyA 8240-hectare park.
Xiahu Scenic Areaaddress: Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous CountyThis is 700 hectares of mountains, forests and rivers.
Honghu Red River Canyon raftingphone: +86 413 3029169address: Red River Valley, Qingyuan Manchu Autonomous County, Fushun. (清原满族自治县大苏河红河谷漂流)Explore down a 12.8-km section of river in a small, four- to six-seater, rubber raft passing through unique mountain scenery. This attraction has acquired AAAA ratings in China's national tourist attraction scale. The river has a catchment of 784 km² with sparse population, so there is plenty of water which is clean and free of pollution. The route takes you over some white water sections rated somewhere between easy and moderate. The river is between 20 to 50 m wide and generally 1 m deep. The route starts in of the original Su-Tuen Shahe he Xiang, in Red River Valley, Manchu Autonomous County, Fushun, and runs down to Red River Reservoir. It takes about three hours to complete the route.
Su River raftingaddress: Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County, Fushun.This 13-km stretch of unspoiled river is 90 km from any urban area. It takes about 3 hours to complete the route.
Fushun Friendship Hotelphone: +86 413 2810000address: 4 Yongning Street, Xinfu District (新抚区永宁街4号; Xīnfǔqū YǒngníngjiēA four-star hotel on the south bank of the Huang River. This is a large hotel complex containing leisure facilities such as sauna, swimming pool, gym, 10-pin bowling, KTV, bars and restaurants. The staff can speak some English and the rooms are modern and clean. Nearby there is a large park and the neighbourhood is mainly residential.
Fushun Coal Hotelsphone: +86 413 2534590address: 1 Ying Street, Xinfu District (新抚区迎街l号; Xīnfǔqū Yíngjiē)A three-star hotel.
Jinsui Hotelphone: +86 413 5081500address: 25 Biaonian Road, Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (新宾镇表年路25号; Xīnbīnzhèn Biǎoniánlù)
Sanyu Floor Hotelphone: +86 413 5027857address: Xinbin Manchu Autonomous County (新宾镇; Xīnbīnzhèn)