Itatiaia National Park

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Dario Sanches
Itatiaia Nacional Park is in Southeast Brazil at the border between Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro.


Itatiaia National Park is a ruggedly beautiful region of lush forests, lakes, rivers, waterfalls, alpine meadows, and both primary and secondary Atlantic Rainforest. Though from the Atlantic Ocean, the park covers a broad range of elevations rising to . This range in altitudes contributes to a most diverse variety of habitats from lower elevation forest to alpine meadows surrounded by granite cliffs.

Flora and fauna

This is one of the best opportunities in southeastern Brazil for bird watching.


In the Pico das Agulhas Negras, temperature reached up to -10 °C (14 F). In the months June to August (austral winter), the decreases in temperature and rainfall too well, leaving the dry climate and very cold, guaranteed visitors, in a country with almost 93% of area located in the tropical zone, the observation of phenomena such as frost on the fields and plants of the park and also the precipitation of snow in the coldest days of local, rare now. In June 1985, was a memorable and intense precipitation of snow, which was unusual for the region, and the third highest precipitation of snow in Brazil.

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