Industries in the Kamloops area include primary resource processing, a copper mine (in Logan Lake). Royal Inland Hospital is the city's largest employer. Thompson Rivers University serves a student body of over 25,000 including a diverse international contingent mainly from Asian countries.
The first European explorers arrived in 1811, when David Stuart, sent out from Fort Astoria, a Pacific Fur Company post, spent a winter there with the Secwepemc people. Alexander Ross established a post there in May 1812 - "Fort Cumcloups".
The rival North West Company established another post - Fort Shuswap - nearby in the same year. The two operations were merged in 1813 when the North West Company bought the operations of the Pacific Fur Company. After the North West Company was forced to merge with the Hudson's Bay Company in 1821, the post became known commonly as Thompson's River Post, or Fort Thompson, which over time became known as Fort Kamloops. The post's journals, kept by its Chief Traders, document a series of inter-Indian wars and personalities for the period and also give much insight to the goings-on of the fur companies and their personnel throughout the entire Pacific slope.
Soon after the forts were founded, the main local village of the Secwepemc, then headed by a chief named Kwa'lila, was moved closer to the trading post in order to control access to its trade, and for prestige and security. With Kwalila's death, the local chieftaincy was passed to his nephew and foster-son Chief Nicola, who led an alliance of Okanagan and Nlaka'pamux people in the plateau country to the south around Stump, Nicola and Douglas Lakes.
Relations between Nicola and the fur traders were often tense, but in the end Nicola was recognised as a great help to the influx of Europeans during the gold rush, though admonishing those who had been in parties waging violence and looting on the Okanagan Trail, which led from American territory to the Fraser goldfields. Throughout, Kamloops was an important way station on the route of the Hudson's Bay Brigade Trail, which connected Fort Astoria with Fort Alexandria and the other forts in New Caledonia to the north (today's Omineca Country, roughly), and which continued in heavy use through the onset of the Cariboo Gold Rush as the main route to the new goldfields around what was to become Barkerville.
The gold rush of the 1860s and the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, which reached Kamloops from the West in 1883, brought further growth, resulting in the City of Kamloops being incorporated in 1893 with a population of about 500. The logging industry of the 1970s brought many Indo-Canadians into the Kamloops area, mostly from the Punjab region of India. In 1973, Kamloops annexed Barnhartvale and other nearby communities.
ClimateThe January mean temperature is −2.8 °C (27 °F). That average sharply increases with an average maximum temperature of 4.3 °C (40 °F) in February. The temperatures drop below −10 °C (14 °F) about 20 days per year.
Summers are warmer than in many places at lower latitudes, with prevailing dry and sunny weather. Daytime humidity is generally under 40% in the summer, sometimes dropping below 20% after a dry spell, which allows for substantial nighttime cooling. Occasional summer thunderstorms can create dry-lightning conditions, sometimes igniting forest fires which the area is prone to.
Kamloops lies in the rain shadow leeward of the Coast Mountains and is biogeographically connected to similar semi-desert areas in the Okanagan region, and a much larger area covering the central/eastern portions of Washington, Oregon and intermontane areas of Nevada, Utah and Idaho in the US.
Kamloops AirportServed by Air Canada Express, Central Mountain Air and WestJet connecting Kamloops to and from Calgary, Vancouver, Prince George and Edmonton (seasonally).
By trainVia Rail's The Canadian passes through Kamloops en route to Vancouver heading west, and Jasper, Edmonton and eventually Toronto to the east. Service is three times a week May to mid-Oct and twice a week otherwise.
Kamloops North train stationphone: +1-888-842-7245address: CN Junction Rd
By carBoth major highways in western Canada pass through Kamloops. The mainline Trans-Canada Highway passes through the Fraser valley from Vancouver in the west, and continues east through Hope, Lytton, Cache Creek and the rest of BC via Salmon Arm, Revelstoke, the Rogers Pass and Golden. From there it carries on through the Rockies into Alberta via Banff and Calgary.
The Yellowhead #5 highway heads north from Kamloops to Jasper and Edmonton. This road is a branch; the main Yellowhead Highway (#16) runs east-west from Prince Rupert through Edmonton to Portage la Prairie. Highway #5 is not part of the signed Trans-Canada Highway system.
The Coquihalla #5 provides a much quicker route from Vancouver to Kamloops (4 hr by car). This route takes you through Hope and Merritt, it is considerably less scenic than the Trans-Canada route. The downside of the high altitude road is that it can become dangerous in the winter as sudden weather changes may make the road icy, snow covered or impassible. Check the road conditions before you set out.
- Ebus connects Kamloops with Vancouver and Kelowna.
Rider ExpressBus service along the Trans-Canada Highway to Calgary and Vancouver daily.
phone: +1 250 573-3242address: 9077 Dallas DrLocal zoo with many animals from around BC, such as bears (black & grizzly), wolves, cougars, bighorn sheep, and rattlesnakes. There's also a miniature train ride ($1 per person), birds of prey demonstration and playground with splash park for the kids.
address: McGill Rd & University DrSummer campus tours daily, and Wednesday night 'Friends of the Gardens' tours of the largest botanical collection in the interior of BC.
Kamloops BlazersCompetitive Western Hockey League team. The Blazers play at the Interior Savings Centre.
phone: +1 250-374-2141A one of a kind steam locomotive pulls you on a one-hour excursion from the historic former CNR station. On the 8-km round trip, you may encounter a visit from feisty Saloon Girls, seasoned First Nation Storytellers and possibly Billie Miner, the infamous train robber, and her Bad Land Bandittas. Fares include train ride, entertainment, drink, and snack.
address: 5th Avenue and Victoria StreetWheelchair accessible.
- The Kamloops Museum and Archives
- The Kamloops Symphony Orchestra
- Western Canada Theatre
- Kamloops is also well-known for its public art including numerous pole carvings and murals.
Lac Du Bois Grasslands Protected Areaaddress: Lac du Bois Rd or Tranquille RdA park northwest of town that protects a large area of the region's natural grassland. There are a handful of trails for hiking and mountain biking inside the park and an area for ATVs at the southern boundary (ATVs are not allowed inside the park). The scenery and flora are spectacular — many small lakes, wildflowers in early summer, red lava cliffs, bighorn sheep, deer and moose — but be watchful of your step while hiking, this is rattlesnake country. The roads in the park are gravel (some 4x4 only) and can be used by logging trucks so be aware of road conditions and on-coming traffic.
address: Island ParkwayLarge park with many sports facilities (sports fields, curling and skating rinks), skatepark and short 9-hole golf course. There's a paved trail around the perimeter of the island that provides views of the river and city.
address: 100 Lorne StWhere the North and South Thompson rivers meet. Stroll along the beach, swim or bring the kids to the playground and water park. There is a water park for children and an enclosed swimming area on the river. The Thompson is, however, swift and cold and the swimming area is not always patrolled.
- Climb While not as popular among the rock climbing crowd as Squamish or Penticton, there are several areas that offer climbing in and around the Kamloops areas. Climbing information can be found in a free online guide available at CLIMBKamloops.ca.
- Ski -- Sun Peaks is a 45-minute drive north of Kamloops along Highway 5.
- Golf (approximately 11 18-hole courses, with "Tobiano" being the latest opened June 2007)
- Mountain bike -- With the hilly and mountainous terrain that varies from wide open to thickly wooded, Kamloops is one of the more popular locations for mountain bike riding in western Canada.
Kamloops Brewery Tours
phone: +1 250 395-6541address: nr. 70 Mile HouseCanada's top luxury guest ranch and eco-friendly destination, offering the world's best horseback riding and fly-fishing adventures in a wilderness paradise.
Aberdeen Malladdress: 1320 West Trans Canada HighwayA large two-floor upscale mall. It has quite a few attractions, mainly clothes stores. Navigation is also somewhat easier than other malls.
phone: +1 250 372-1111address: 258 Victoria StDelicious authentic Italian food in the downtown core.
phone: +1 250 851-2030address: 577 Victoria StLively atmosphere with a large menu, including a kids menu. There are a variety of beers on tap (mostly Canadian beers, with a couple of imports).
phone: +1 250 372-2135address: 1771 Trans-Canada HwyA local favourite for breakfast, lunch or dinner. This place doesn't look like much but has a great feel, awesome service, and tasty home cooked meals.
phone: +1 250 372-8514address: 149 Victoria StAll pastas and sauces are handmade on-site. Peter is often present and is always happy to answer any questions or even just make pleasant conversation. Very popular with the locals — arrive early as they do not take reservations.
phone: +1 250 377-8857address: 120 5th AveAuthentically prepared nigiri, sashimi and maki is elegantly presented. Build your own bento box. Featuring several popular favourites as well as local and seasonal specialties, this restaurant is reasonably priced and popular with the locals. The itamae is very receptive to dietary restrictions. For the more ethically conscious, only free-range eggs and wild-caught fish (when available) are used.
Mountain-High PizzaTwo locations: near the Sprott-Shaw college in Downtown, and at 1465 Trans-Canada Highway. Mountain-High Pizza is a very good, locally owned and operated pizza shop with a great feel.
The legal drinking age in British Columbia is 19.
Pubs and lounges
The Duchess on Tranquilleaddress: 377 Tranquille RdThis is a combination pub, lounge and exotic nightclub. A great amateur exotic dance contest is held on Wednesday nights. During the evening the clientele is 50/50 men and women and there is a very active dance floor with a great lighting system and fogger.
Cactus Jack'saddress: Seymour StThis is a large facility with a distinct country & western theme. Featuring weekly wet T-shirt contests, bikini bullriding and occasional live music acts.
phone: +1 250-372-8221address: 551 11th AveIn a quiet residential area. On-site family restaurant, pet-friendly rooms, free parking, airport shuttles, high-speed Internet and Wi-Fi access, indoor pool, hot tub, laundry machines.
phone: +1 778-766-4071address: 540 Victoria StIn the heart of the city. On-site restaurant and lounge, outdoor rooftop pool, hot tub, modern fitness centre.
phone: +1 250 374-6944address: 625 West Columbia StFairly basic clean rooms although a bit dated. Most rooms have a small fridge and microwave.
Thompson Rivers University Residence & Conference Centrephone: +1 250-828-8999address: University DrOffers accommodations for groups and individuals on the TRU campus from May through Aug. Two and four bedroom options. Wi-Fi, complimentary breakfast and fitness center. The rooms have kitchenettes, full kitchens are also available on the 2nd, 5th and 10th floors. Excellent transit connections to all areas of the city direct from campus.
- Vancouver is approximately 355 km (220 miles) to the south west via Hwy 5. There are trains, flights from the Kamloops airports, as well as two major highways connecting the two cities.
- Sun Peaks - an alpine ski resort 50 km north of Kamloops.
- Cariboo-Chilcotin, BC's cowboy country and dude ranch region is a one-hour drive west of Kamloops