During the Thirty Years War Kassels Landgraf Philipp declared for the Protestants. This had an effect as later numerous Huguenots emigrated from France and brought with them their trade and skills. The impact of the Huguenots can still be witnessed in the centre of Kassel where streets are named after Huguenots.
Kassel became a considerable industrial and scientific city as can still be seen in the Orangerie museum where loads of scientific kit from the enlightenment period is on show. Noticeably the first steam pot producing a fountain was constructed in Kassel by Papin and rumours have it that he left Kassel in his steam boat a few years before James Watt got his prototype into shape.
Kassel was already a heavy industries site by World War II, where trains, tanks and planes were constructed. In the later years of the war Kassel was thoroughly bombed as a military target by English and American planes.
Kassel was home to the famous Brothers Grimm who wrote a lot of the fairy tales Disney uses today. A less well known but perhaps more important piece of their work was an attempt at a "complete" dictionary of the German language, that was only completed after their death. The house that they lived in was made into a museum with a lot of interesting artefacts.
The Centre of Kassel itself was thoroughly destroyed during the Second World War and therefore rebuilt in the incredibly bland 1950s style (which in fairness was partially due to budget constraints and admitted to be ugly even back then). Hence, the inner city is mainly dominated by bank and mall buildings of the modern sort.
phone: +49 561 707707address: Wilhelmsstraße 23
phone: +49 561 34054address: Willy-Brandt-Platz 1at the train station Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe
phone: +49 561 31680751address: Wilhelmshöher Allee 380
phone: +49 561 31680781address: Schlosspark 28
By trainKassel is an important hub in the ICE network and is one of the cities on the first purpose-built German high speed rail line connecting Würzburg and Hanover. Most ICE and some local trains serve Fernbahnhof Kassel-Wilhemshöhe, about 4 km west of downtown. The private operator Flixtrain also serves Kassel Wilhelsmhöhe. Flixtrain does not accept DB tickets and vice versa.
Kassel's historic , that was refurbished following the opening of the Wilhelmshöhe station has been branded "Kulturbahnhof" (culture station) and is much closer to downtown. Only regional trains operating to/from here. You can take a train from one station to the other and its advisable to start your exploration from Hauptbahnhof as it is much closer to most sights.
By busThe Busbahnhof Kassel Wilhelmshöhe (intercity bus station), also known as the ZOB, adjoins the Kassel-Wilhemshöhe Bahnhof. There is another intercity bus station at , a few meters behind the city boundary of Kassel at the motorway. The tramlines 4 and 8 are running from the
The next major airports are in Hanover (HAJ) and of course Frankfurt airport (FRA). As they are excellently connected to the German railway network (Frankfurt airport even has an high speed ICE stop) and Kassel is a major hub, you can get from the airport to town in no more than two hours. You can also buy combined tickets for flight and train.
Tram and bus stops are identified by this sign:
- Local public transport is the KVG (only in German), see also the website of the transport association NVV (only in German) for north Hesse.
Bergpark WilhelmshöheSince 2013 on the UNESCO World Heritage List, worth visiting is the "Bergpark" (Mountainpark) which is supposedly the largest in Europe and second largest park on a mountain slope in the world. The park contains the Herkules statue at its top end which is towering over the city and has become its symbol. Further the park contains loads of smaller features which are mainly fake Greek temples, fake medieval castles, fake quarries - you see where we are getting. Not fake though are the Rembrandts and Rubens paintings in the Schloss in the park - an entrance fee is charged. The Park also features during summer months (may 1st until october 3rd) the Wasserspiele (watergames) every Wednesday, Sunday and on public holidays starting from 14:30. Various of the features such as the Cascades (below the Herkules statue), the fake waterfall and the fake Roman Aqueduct have their water supplies opened for half an hour or so each and the crowd of tourists will move from feature to feature starting on the higher parts moving down slope. Löwenburg and Schloss Wilhelmshöhe (palace Wilhelmshöhe) with its old masterpieces of art.
Karlsaue State ParkKarlsaue, another, French-style park with some old buildings containing all sort of museums (tapstries to astrology). That area is also the usual place for the Documenta art exhibition to happen every five years (next summer 2017). Siebenbergen flower island (Blumeninsel Siebenbergen). Orangerie. Cabinet of Astronomy and Physics with planetarium (Astronomisch Physikalisches Kabinett mit Planetarium). Marble Baths (Marmorbad)
KSV Hessen KasselKSV Hessen Kassel is the most popular football club of Kassel and plays in the German Fourth Division (Regionalliga Südwest). The home stadium of the football club is the which is able to hold 18,000 people.
Kassel HuskiesKassel Huskies is a professional ice hockey and plays in the 2nd Eishockey-Bundesliga, but they played the majority of their seasons in the Deutsche Eishockey Liga, called DEL (1994–2006). The team plays in the (6100 people).
MT MelsungenMT Melsungen is a handball club from Melsungen, but has it home in the since 2007 which is able to hold 4300 people. The team plays in the German Handball-Bundesliga.
Kassel-MarathonThe Kassel-Marathon is one of the biggest and fastest marathons in Germany. In the programm are a children run, called Mini-Marathon, with a length of 4.2 km, a half marathon, a marathon and a marathon ekiden. Start and end is in the Auestadion in the south of Kassel. (www.kassel-marathon.de)
Go nextGetting a little bit out of the city can be a good thing. Around Kassel there are beautiful forests and ponds that have really good trails like the Habichtswald in the west or the Reinhardswald in the north. You can travel with buses direct into them (Bus 22 or 190).
phone: +49 561 16626address: Wilhelmsstraße 13
phone: +49 561 772329address: Oberste Gasse 3-7
phone: +49 561 776192address: Garde-du-Corps-Straße 1
phone: +49 561 103333address: Wilhelmsstraße 4a
phone: +49 561 104475address: Friedrichsplatz 12
phone: +49 561 5297026address: Fünffensterstraße 6
phone: +49 561 700090address: Wolfsschlucht 17
A lot of local shops you can find in the old market hall:
phone: +49 561 780395address: Wildemannsgasse 1
phone: +49 561 713300address: Obere Königsstraße 4
phone: +49 561 45010632address: Schöne Aussicht 1a
phone: +49 561 28610318address: Am Auedamm 20b
phone: +49 561 76649755address: Humboldtstraße 1a
phone: +49 561 773705address: Jordanstraße 11
phone: +49 561 43020410address: Querallee 36
phone: +49 561 7399230address: Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 116
phone: +49 561 76608070address: Wilhelmshöher Allee 116
phone: +49 561 22176address: Zwehrener Weg 6-8
phone: +49 561 73976744address: Bosestraße 13
phone: +49 561 7394486address: Auedamm 27
phone: +49 561 35306address: Wilhelmshöher Allee 262
phone: +49 561 311793address: Lange Straße 83
phone: +49 561 3162730address: Rammelsbergstraße 4
phone: +49 561 32525address: Wilhelmshöhe Allee 347a
phone: +49 561 7661690address: Friedrichsplatz 8
phone: +49 561 17138address: Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 72
Café Streiterphone: +49 561 9373157address: Wilhelmshöher Allee 283
phone: +49 152 29581684address: An der Karlsaue
phone: +49 561 27629address: Kochstraße 16
Clubs and discos
phone: +49 561 7397919address: Obere Königsstraße 4
phone: +49 561 47396530address: Werner-Hilpert Straße 22
phone: +49 561 81657150address: Joseph-Beuys-Straße 7
phone: +49 561 8043803address: Moritzstraße 19
phone: +49 561 95380340address: Miramstraße 74
phone: +49 561 18686address: Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 60
Best Western Plus Hotel Kassel Cityphone: +49 561 72850address: Spohrstraße 4
phone: +49 561 521400address: Werner-Hilpert-Straße 24
phone: +49 561 776455address: Schenkendorfstraße 18
phone: +49 561 9339887address: Bertha-von-Suttner Straße 15
Best Western Hotel Kurfürst Wilhelm I.phone: +49 561 31870address: Wilhelmshöher Allee 257
phone: +49 561 93690address: Wilhelmshöher Allee 288
phone: +49 561 31890address: Wilhelmshöher Allee 336
phone: +49 561 30880address: Schlosspark 8
phone: +49 561 93890address: Heinrich-Schütz-Allee 24
phone: +49 561 30800address: Im Druseltal 42
phone: +49 561 940480address: Konrad-Adenauer-Straße 117
phone: +49 561 20900address: Raiffeisenstraße 10
phone: +49 561 48050address: Frankfurter Straße 299
Hotel Albatrosaddress: Oberste Gasse 11A classic German experience with full restaurant/bar on the main level and 15 rooms on the upper two floors. All rooms with WC and shower and TV. 2008 rate was €46 single, €68 double which includes a large breakfast buffet. The restaurant has daily specials, and serves reasonably priced, true German cuisine.
address: Heinrich-Hertz-Straße 3A clean budget hotel located in an industrial area a couple of kilometres from down-town, right at the Autobahn exit. If you are travelling by car, this is an excellent choice, if travelling by train or other kind of transportation, not. The hotel restaurant could be compared to a fast-food joint, but again, if you have a car you can drive to the city centre for a better meal.
phone: +49-561-20755870address: Kurhausstr. 25Boutique hotel in the historic walled city, with 12 rooms, each one unique in its design dedicated to famous artists.
Kassel is usually very safe. Tourists normally do not get into the little problem areas from Kassel you can find in the northern and southern districts (Nord-Holland, Schillerviertel, Brückenhof, Mattenberg).
Important telephone numbers
- Police: 110
- Emergency (fire, acute illness): 112
- Municipality: 115
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- Deutsche Märchenstraße (German Fairytale Road)
HabichtswaldThe Habichtswald and the Naturpark Habichtswald are located in the west of Kassel. You can find in the nature park châteaus as , old castle ruins as the or worth seeing mountains as the with Helfensteine, where also the Naturparkzentrum is located (bus line 117 from Zierenberg train station, lines R4/RT4). Medieval towns in the Naturpark Habichtswald are Zierenberg, Wolfhagen and Naumburg (Hesse).
UplandThe Upland is the northeastern part of the Hochsauerland and Rothaar Mountains and a ski and hiking area. The most famous mountain is the Ettelsberg (837,7 m ü. NHN), because of the heath and the , a 59 metre high observation tower, with a platform on 831 metres high. A cable car runs between Willingen and the mountain. Next to the Ettelsberg you can find the , the largest ski jumping hill in the world with World Cup events every year.
- Göttingen (50 km) - famous university town in Lower Saxony (Georg-August-Universität)
- Eisenach (85 km) - with Wartburg, where Martin Luther translated the Bible into German; native town of Johann Sebastian Bach
- Marburg (90 km) - famous university town in Hesse (Philipps-Universität, one of Germany's oldest universities)