Korean phrasebook

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Korean (한국어 hangugeo in South Korea, 조선말 chosŏnmal in North Korea, or 우리말 urimal (our language) as a neutral denomination) is spoken in South and North Korea, as well as Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture in Jilin, China. It may be distantly related to Japanese, but is certainly entirely distinct from Chinese, although it uses large amounts of imported Chinese vocabulary.
Depending on which part of Korea you go to different dialects of Korean are spoken. The standard in South Korea is based on the Seoul dialect, which is spoken in Seoul and Gyeonggi province as well as the city of Kaesong in North Korea, while the standard in North Korea is based on the Pyongan dialect, which is spoken in Pyongyang as well as North and South Pyongan provinces. Other dialects include the Gyeongsang dialect spoken in Busan, Daegu, Ulsan and the provinces of North and South Gyeongsang, the Jeju dialect spoken on the island of Jeju, and the Hamgyong dialect spoken in North and South Hamgyong provinces, as well as by most of the ethnic Korean minority in China. This guide is based on the standard in South Korea.
The Korean language is fundamentally the same in North and South Korea, and speakers from both sides of the border are, for the most part, able to understand each other. The main differences lie in the loan words used to represent modern concepts, where South Koreans typically use English words, and North Koreans typically use the corresponding Russian words or create new words instead. The standard form of Korean used by the ethnic Korean minority in China follows the North Korean standard, though due to the popularity of South Korean dramas, most people also understand South Korean terms.
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Pronunciation guide

Written language

Phrase list

External links