Landshut was founded in 1204 by Duke Louis I Wittelsbach. Not even 30 years later it already became residence, and after the division of the duchy of Bavaria in 1255 the capital of Lower Bavaria. In the 15th century the famous Landshut Wedding took place, one of the most splendid festivities of the Middle Ages. At the beginning of the 16th century Lower Bavaria and Upper Bavaria were reunited. Although Landshut at that point lost its status as capital, the 16th century was the city's architectural boom era. After that, Landshut lost most of its significance, besides a short time of importance in the beginning of the 19th century, when the University of Bavaria resided a mere 26 years in Landshut.
For a brief time towards the end of World War II, a subcamp of the Dachau concentration camp was located near Landshut. During the war Landshut only had to suffer one major Allied bombing, when the area around the train station was heavily hit. However, most parts of the city were virtually unharmed by the war, and much of the medieval city center is still intact today.
Since the opening of the new Munich International Airport close to Landshut in 1992, the city has become an attractive business location.
Munich International Airport (MUC), Europe's sixth busiest airport, is located 40 km (25 mi) to the west of Landshut. It is a major hub for Lufthansa and its Star Alliance partners and offers connections to most airports in Germany and Europe, as well as to many intercontinental destinations. The airport is easily accessible by car via autobahn A 92. Furthermore, there is a bus service, that directly connects the city with the airport. The buses leave the airport once every hour and it takes approx. 40 min to reach Landshut, where the buses stop at Landshut Central Station and in the historic city center. A one-way ride costs €10, with discounts for families and regular customers.
Landshut Central Station is located 1 km (0.6 mi) north of the historic city center. It is a stop of approx. 120 regional trains daily, with frequent connections to Freising, Ingolstadt, Munich, Nuremberg, Passau, Regensburg, Rosenheim, and Salzburg. The hourly service to Munich takes approx. 45 min.
Landshut is well connected to the German autobahn and federal street network.
- A 92 - Munich - Landshut - Deggendorf
- B 11 - Munich - Landshut
- B 15 - Hof - Regensburg - Landshut - Rosenheim - Austria
- B 299 - Czech Republic - Eichstätt - Landshut - Altötting
Landshut is located at the Isar-Radweg, a long distance bicycle route, that runs along river Isar from the Austrian border via Munich and Landshut to Deggendorf.
Landshut is small enough to be explored on foot. Furthermore, the medieval city center is a pedestrian zone with no motor vehicles allowed. Going by bike is an option, too. However, the extensive use of cobble stone pavement in the city can make for a very unpleasant ride. An alternative for the less sporty type is the city's bus network (StadtLinie). Its 15 lines will take you to every point of interest, within the city and the surrounding countryside.
phone: +49 871 923040address: Freyung 629Jodokskirche is Landshut's second oldest church, after Martinskirche. It was built between 1389 and the end of the 16th century in Gothic style. It features a 77 m (250 ft) high bell tower.
phone: +49 871 9221780address: Kirchgasse 251The church's construction began in 1385 and it took over 110 years until it was completed, around 1500. With a interior height of 29 m (95 ft) and a bell tower that measures 130 m (430 ft), Martinkirche is not only the tallest church in Bavaria and the tallest brick building in the world, but also one of the most important examples of Gothic architecture in Germany and Landshut's number one landmark.
phone: +49 871 25142address: Altstadt 79Duke Ludwig X commenced the oldest part of the city residence, the "German Building", in 1536. After a visit to Italy he decided to add the "Italian Building", inspired by the Palazzo del Te in Mantua. This addition is considered to be the first Renaissance building north of the Alps. There is a combination ticket available for the Residence and Trausnitz Castle (Adults €8, Concessions €6).
Medieval city centerLandshut's historic city center is mostly preserved in the state it was 500 years ago, and doesn't have to hide behind other shining examples like Rothenburg ob der Tauber. Today it is a pedestrian zone with a lot of shops, makeshift concerts on the streets during summer and a Christmas fair during Advent. It also serves as one of the stages for the quadrennial Landshut Wedding re-enactment.
phone: +49 871 89021address: Am Prantlgarten 1Opened in 1998, the museum is located mostly underground within a hill, atop of which Trausnitz Castle is situated. It has on display works of sculptors, who lived or worked in the city. The museum is specialized in the works of Fritz Koenig, who is best known for his sculpture The Sphere, which was on display on World Trade Center Plaza in New York City from 1971 until the 9/11 terrorist attacks.
phone: +49 871 924110address: Burg Trausnitz 168The medieval castle is situated atop a hill overlooking the city of Landshut and amidst the former castle park. The oldest parts of the structure were built from 1204, and the castle was continuously expanded until the late 19th century, serving as the Wittelsbach ducal residence for Lower Bavaria, 1255-1503. Virtually unharmed by the turmoils of numerous wars, Trausnitz Castle is one of the best preserved and most complete examples of aristocratic medieval architecture. During the Landshut Wedding it serves as one of the venues for the re-enactment.
Bartlmädult Beer Festivaladdress: GrieserwieseOne of the smaller and cozier festivals of its kind, with only about 200,000 visitors each year. In contrast to e.g. Oktoberfest in Munich, you can still find original Bavarian traditions at this festivity.
address: FreyungThe Christmas fair in Landshut in front of St. Judoc's church is the city's main attraction during Advent. The big illuminated Christmas tree in front of the church, a cup of hot spiced wine in your hands and Christmas music and scents in the air will get you in the Christmas spirit.
Landshut Wedding 1475Festival held once every 4 years (next: summer 2017). Landshut's biggest attraction undoubtedly is the Landshut Wedding, the re-enactment of the medieval wedding of George the Rich, Duke of Bavaria, and Hedwig Jagiellon, the eldest daughter of the King of Poland, in 1475. Basically the whole city becomes a stage, as the festival takes place all over town, with different venues like Trausnitz Castle, the medieval city center and the Residence, when over 2,300 actors (mostly Landshut residents) bring the Middle Ages to life. During the three weeks of the festivities, Landshut is flooded with over 700,000 visitors from all over the world and becomes a bustling medieval metropolis, when everyone gets carried away with medieval jousting, pageantry, feasting and knights' tournaments. It even became custom to the citizens of Landshut to wear hair and clothes to the fashion of the Middle Ages, even if they are not part of the acting crew. The downside of the spectacle obviously is, that accommodation gets extremely scarce within the city - however, the proximity to Munich provides a feasible lodging alternative.
phone: +49 89 62303416The festival traditionally takes place in March since 2000, at four different movie theaters in the city. The festival focuses on short films from Germany, Austria and Switzerland.
phone: +49 871 4303179address: Am Alten Viehmarkt 5A huge shopping center with fashion stores, groceries, barber shops, book stores, jewelers, drug stores, movie theaters and restaurants.
phone: +49 871 29475address: Altstadt 18-20A shop that has everything in stock, that a modern, stylish man might need. Products range from cigars and spirits, through leather bags and hats, to flasks.
phone: +49 871 89990address: Ländtorplatz 2-5Certainly one of the best restaurants in Landshut and the only one with a Michelin Star in Lower Bavaria. The German dishes served are excellent and priced accordingly.
phone: +49 871 3199333address: Am Alten Viehmarkt 5This international restaurant is located within the Kinopolis movie theater center in CCL. The place can be quite loud and packed at times, which leaves the service staff a little overstrained.
phone: +49 871 9750583address: Innere Münchener Straße 6The Landshut branch of the Mexican-style cocktail bar chain, where you can get small Mexican dishes, too. It is a good meeting and jumping-off point for a long night out.
address: Meisenstraße 28The club is very popular with the locals and the youth of the surroundings of Landshut, even though prices are quite high. The music revolves around R'n'B, hip-hop and electronic music, and the crowd seems very peachy.
phone: +49 871 92530address: Neustadt 520The rooms are nice and spacious and very clean. The included breakfast buffet is comprehensive. The hotel is especially known for its bike-friendliness, with a lot of information material, aided route planning, tools and even a pickup service, in case your bike has a malfunction, available.
phone: +49 871 97270address: Flurstraße 2This hotel is very conveniently located close to Landshut Central Station. The rooms are bright and spacious and the breakfast buffet is included. A typical business hotel with all needed amenities.
phone: +49 871 95220address: Schönbrunn 1A rustic hotel in the old Schönbrunn Palace. The rooms are bright and spacious, with classic furnishing. The hotel has its own nice and small beer garden.
phone: +49 871 6870address: Papiererstraße 2Spacious rooms with nice and modern furnishing. The hotel has all amenities of a modern business hotel.
phone: +49 871 4306454address: Luitpoldstraße 7Internet cafe with five workstations, that also houses a DVD rental, a laundromat and a small casino.
AltöttingOne of the most important and popular destinations of Catholic pilgrimage in Europe.
Bavarian ForestA mountain range 100 km (65 mi) to the east, which is in parts a national park.
FreisingThis quaint university town with its cathedral and the famous Weihenstephaner brewery is just a 20 min car drive north of Erding.
MunichThe capital of Bavaria, its biggest city and the place to go for culture and arts aficionados, is only 45 min away by train
PassauA university city at the confluence of rivers Danube, Iller and Ilz, close to the Austrian border.
RegensburgBeautiful medieval city at the shores of the river Danube, which is listed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in its entirety.
Salzburg (Austria)easily by bi-hourly train reachable Austrian city, in the English-speaking world probably best known for its part in the movie "The sound of Music"