LugoGalicia, northwestern Spain.
HistoryThe city was founded by Celts, who named it Lugos after the Celtic god of light, oaths, and the arts. It remained a small town of little repute until the Middle Ages when it became a seat of pilgrimage. This was because the cathedral would show the Blessed Sacrament to the public 24 hours a day.
The Roman walls which give the city its fame were built between 263 and 276 AD to defend the then Roman town of Lucus Augusti against local tribes and Germanic invasion. However, their success in the defence of the town was limited, and over the next 700 years the town was invaded and sacked by Suevi, the Visigoths, the Moors, the Christians and the Normans.
In 1833 Spain was split into provinces, and Lugo became the capital of Lugo province, which gave it more status, which was further helped by the railway arriving here in 1875. The city kept on growing as an administrative centre, and when the Civil War broke out it was quickly under the control of Franco’s fascists.
By planeBy air, the closest airport is Lavacolla (SCQ), about two hours by bus away. Empresa Freire operates a regular bus service to and from Santiago de Compostela, with a stop at the airport.
The following companies operate at this airport:
- Adria Airways: Ljubljana
- Aer Lingus: Dublin
- Air Europa: Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Gran Canaria, Tenerife and Caracas
- EasyJet: Geneve and Basel
- Iberia: Madrid and Bilbao
- Ryanair: Frankfurt, Milan, London, Madrid, Barcelona, Valencia, Alicante, Malaga, Palma de Mallorca, Lanzarote, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Tenerife
- Volotea: Venice, Ibiza and Menorca
- Vueling: Barcelona, Málaga, Paris and Zurich
- Turkish Airlines:Istanbul
By trainRENFE has a train station in the city, which connects Lugo by rail to the rest of Spain.
- Daily overnight sleeper services to Madrid and Barcelona leave Lugo each night.
- Regional services connect Lugo directly to A Coruña, Ourense and Monforte de Lemos, and from those destinations every major town in Galicia can be reached
- There is also a daily service to Bilbao.
By carLugo is just off the A-6 national highway, which reaches from A Coruña in Galicia to Ponferrada and Madrid. It is also on the N-640 Galician route from Ourense to the northern coast at Ourense. Driving around town is relatively easy, however there are a number of one way streets which can be confusing. Much of the old town is pedestrianised, and as such off-limits to most drivers.
Distances to Lugo:
- Madrid 505 km,
- A Coruna 97 km,
- Ourense 96 km,
- Pontevedra 150 km,
- Oviedo 255 km
By busLugo Bus Station (Praza Constitución) is just outside the old city walls, and serves a number of destinations.
- Empresa Freire provides a regular service to Santiago which goes via the airport.
- ALSA also serves destinations throughout Spain, including Madrid (5-6 hours), Madrid Barajas Airport (6-7 hours), and Santander (6-7 hours).
- Arriva Galicia serves destinations throughout northern Galicia, including A Coruña, Ferrol, Viveiro and Ribadeo.
Murallas RomanasThe Roman Walls are the principal historic attraction in the city, and are considered some of the best preserved in Europe. They have been made a UNESCO World Heritage site, and form a loop of around 2 km around the old city, with 71 towers along their length. Entering the old city still requires you to walk through one of the gates, which were used until the 19th century.
Catedral de LugoConstruction began here in 1129, with further work taking place for several hundred years after. Also on the same site is the diocesan museum with an interesting archaeological collection.
- Veterinary Medicine
- Business Administration
BudgetThere are a large number of supermarkets and bakeries throughout the city which sell everything the self-caterer needs.
Pastelería Don Leónphone: +34 982245119address: Calle de San Pedro, 39Serves fresh bread and sweet and savouries throughout the day.
phone: +34 982280324address: Calle de Quiroga Ballesteros, 10Good quality supermarket that stocks local and international produce.
Fonte do Rei 2address: Avenida de MadridServes excellent tapas and seafood for good prices to hordes of locals.
address: Augas Férreas 7Popular bar in a student area, with good beers and tapas.
Loft 52phone: +34 982229993address: Circulo das Artes 5A decently priced dance bar in a student area of Lugo, which hosts regular nights for students and locals.
address: Plaza del CampoA popular alternative nightclub, that also doubles as a comic book gallery.
address: Carretera de Forxan 30
phone: +34982142148address: San Acisclo, 10The passage of the time stand out the massive volume of this village house of the 19th century.
For all emergencies dial 112.
The Policia Nacional responds to emergency calls and patrols the city centre. They are also able to provide written reports in the event of a crime. The Policia Local also patrols, and deals with less serious offences.