Marathi phrasebook

Sourced from Wikivoyage. Text is available under the CC-by-SA 3.0 license.
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Quick Stats
  • Family : Indo Aryan
  • Script : Devanagari
  • ISO 639-1 Code : mr
  • ISO 639-2/3 Code: mar

  • Marathi (मराठी) is one of the official languages of India, and the main language of the state of Maharashtra. Marathi is written in the Devanagari script, like Hindi and some other Indian languages. It is the 4th most widely-spoken language in India, after Hindi, Bengali and Telugu. Regional literature in Marathi dates back to around 1000 AD.
    Marathi grammar is largely based on Sanskrit and Pali. Around 60% or more of the nouns in Marathi are derived directly from Sanskrit. Also, Marathi shares many words with Hindi. Unlike Hindi but like Sanskrit, Marathi has not 2 but 3 genders: masculine, feminine and neutral. Figuring out the gender of a word can sometimes be difficult, especially for English speakers.
    Goa was a Portuguese colony from the 16th to the 20th century, as a result of which Marathi has had influence from the Portuguese language. बटाटा (ba-tA-tA, potato) is a common example used in everyday speech.

    Pronunciation guide