is in the southeast of Turkmenistan
- — a decent sized city on a dry oasis serving as a natural dry climactic spa.
- — the major regional city and large industrial center serving as the main tourist base for Merv and other nearby archaeological sites.
- — an oil town.
- — an archaeological site on an ancient Indo-Iranian settlement, some 4,000 years old.
- — this UNESCO World Heritage site was one of the principal Silk Road oasis-cities throughout its inhabited history, and one-time largest city in the world.