is the capital city of the province of Novara in the Piedmont
region of northwest Italy
. It has 105,000 residents, and is the second most populous city in Piedmont after Turin
Novara is about 40 minutes by train from Milan central station.
The old urban core makes up the "Historic centre", situated in the district of the same name. Novara once had an encircling wall, which was demolished to permit urban development. Of the old wall there remains only the Barriera Albertina, a complex of two neo-classical buildings that constituted the gate of entry to the city, the required passageway for those who traveled from Turin to Milan. After their removal, the walls were replaced by the present-day baluardi, the broad, tree-lined boulevards that surround the Historic Centre.