Novgorod (Russian: Великий Новгород Velikii Novgorod) is one of the oldest cities in Russia. It was first mentioned in the manuscripts as early as 859.
The city of Novgorod The Great (Novgorod Veliky) is located between Moscow (530km) and Saint Petersburg (108 km). Its population is estimated at 230,000 people. Novgorod is inscribed on the World Heritage List.
HistoryNovgorod was first mentioned in manuscripts as early as 859. Together with Kiev, Novgorod was a very important cultural, social, and economical centre in Rus, and was the capital of one of the first European democracies, the Novgorod Republic, addressed publicly as "Lord Novgorod the Great". This independence came to be resented by the Muscovite autocrats; eventually Ivan the Terrible forced it into submission. It has ever since been a backwater kind of place.
Novgorod Airport is not operational. It was a busy airport during the time of the USSR. The planed replacement Krechevitsy Airport is also not open to civil aircraft.
Closest airport is Pulkovo Airport (LED).
By trainThe Novgorod-Na-Volhove train station is located 1.5km west of the city center, the river, and the Detinets (Kremlin).
Russian Railways operates trains between the Novgorod-Na-Volhove train station and Saint Petersburg's Moskovskiy Vokzal station (3 hours, early morning and late evening, ~) as well as Moscow's Leningradskii Vokzal station (8 hours, overnight, +). The trains to/from Saint Petersburg are all seated and can be uncomfortable, although there is a lot of leg room. The overnight trains to/from Moscow feature soft berths and compartments for an additional charge.
All trains and elektrichkas make a brief stop in Chudovo, where you can get out of the train and use a very unpleasantly dirty bathroom.
Left luggage services are available at the Novgorod-Na-Volhove train station.
By busThe bus station in Novgorod is located across the street from the train station.
Several buses run daily from Saint Petersburg's Main Bus Terminal to Novgorod (several daily, 4 hours, ~). Buses to Moscow operate only during the summer, but the trip is long and inconvenient. Buses also operate to Tver, Pskov, Riga, and other cities in the Novgorod region.
By busNovgorod has both bus and trolleybus systems. Running approximately every 5 minutes, buses and trolleybuses will get you to every part of the city. Bus & trolleybus route maps and timetables are available online in Russian.
By footNovgorod is a walking-friendly city, and if you like long walks, everything in the city is within walking distance. The advantage is also that you have a chance to see the beautiful architecture of the city.
By bicycleBicycles are a perfect way to get around Novgorod. Bicycle and rollerblade rental are available at the "Shooting Club" on the Main Alley of the Kremlin Park. Phone: +7 921 731 74 32.
By taxiTaxis are cheap and plentiful.
KremlinNovgorod's Kremlin, or Detinets, is free to visitors and includes many of the main places of interest in the city. Admission is free, and two gates (one from the footbridge on the river; the other by Sofiyskaya Square and the Lenin Statue) are open to pedestrians. A beach along the bank of the river can be accessed from a gate inside the Kremlin wall.
Aleksandr Nevsky Monument"Whoever comes to us with a sword, from a sword will perish..."... Prince Aleksandr has been a legendary hero for all Russians. Famous for the "Battle on Ice" against the Livonian knights. Aleksandr was canonized by the Russian Orthodox Church.
Monument of the Millennium of RussiaThis iron statue is in the park in the center of the Kremlin. It was created in 1862 and is ringed by an interesting panorama of famous individuals in Russian history up to that time. Russian Tsars and Patriarchs appear on one half of the panorama, and cultural figures on the other half.
Monument Novgorod Militia 1812
Monument to St. Peter and Fevronia
Cathedral of the Virgin of the Sign
Church of Andrew Stratilat
Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin at the Marketplace
Church of the Assumption on the Volotovo Field
Church of the Intercession
Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin
Church of the Saint Great Martyr Fedor Stratilat on the Brook
The Church of the Transfiguration
Church Of Nikolai Bely
Church of Peter and Paul
Church of St. George at the Marketplace
Church of St. Philip the Apostle and St. Nicholas
Church of Spasa-na-Iliene
Church Simeona Bogopriimtsa
Church of Theodore Stratilates on the Brook
Demetrios Solunskiy Church
Holy Spirit Monastery
Monastery of The Virgin Nativity
Paraskeva Church at the Marketplace
The Roman Catholic Church of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul
St. Basil's Cathedral
St. George Monastery
St. Nicholas Cathedral
St. Sophia CathedralThis eleventh-century cathedral is the centerpiece of Novgorod's religious buildings. The iconostasis and frescoes inside are especially interesting. On the north-west exterior of the cathedral, see the Magdeburg Doors, a bronze twelfth-century German creation with reliefs of biblical scenes and, allegedly, the doors' sculptors themselves in one of the scenes.
Yaroslav's CourtAcross the footbridge from the Kremlin is the old commercial district, which is marked by a long arcade along the river bank. Within the commercial district are several churches, many of which are in typical Novgorod style: a square base topped by a dome. Some wooden houses in Yaroslav's Court also hold temporary museum exhibitions.
Center of Musical Antiquities
Faceted Chamber Museum
Fine Arts Museumphone: +7 816 2 87 22 65address: 2, Pobedy-Sophiyskaya SquareA collection of Russian art, including Repin and other 19th and 20th Century artists.
Kokui Tower Museum
Likhudov Building Museum
Museum of History and Art
Nikolskiy Cathedral Museum
Sofiyskaya Zvonnitsa Museum
State Art Museum of Novgorod Land
Vitoslavitsy Museum of Folk Wooden ArchitectureThe museum is in the forest near the shore of Lake Ilmen. It is a collection of rural houses from around Novgorod region that were transported to the area in the 1960s to create this museum. Includes wooden churches, traditional houses, and even a windmill and blacksmith's shop.
Vorotnaya Bashnya Gostinogo Dvora Museum
phone: +7 816 2 77 34 45, +7 816 2 77 74 92address: 14 Velikaya st.
phone: +7 (816 2) 77 37 48, +7 (816 2) 77 37 34, +7 (816 2) 77 27 77 (booking office)
DinoLand Family Entertainment Centre
Christmas fortune-tellingaddress: Vitoslavlitsy
phone: +7 816 2 65 54 53address: 32А Mira bul.Mid-April. They sometimes hold performances in English
International Bell Ringing Festivaladdress: Vitoslavlitsy
International Music Festival and the International Young Pianists ContestApril-May
Ivan Kupala Dayaddress: Ilmen-lake
Summer festival "Sadko"You can see real old-Russian folklore. "Sadko" based on Russian medieval epic Bylina. Adventurer, merchant and Musician from Novgorod. Also the main character from a Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov opera.
Novgorod Cinemaphone: +7 816 2 62 62 43address: 9 Lomonosova st.
phone: +7 (816 2) 77 73 36 (booking office),+7 (816 2) 77 42 55 (automatic teller machine)address: 66 Chernyakhovskogo st
Souvenirs, particularly wooden handicrafts and birch-bark paintings, can be found at many locations, including the souvenir market on Sennaya Square (to one's right as one faces the Kremlin from Sofiyskaya Square and the Lenin Statue).
"The central cooking", dining roomphone: +7 816 2 69 32 33address: 2/13 Fedorovskiy Ruchey st.Dirty cheap place to eat. Self-service
Cafe Charodeykaphone: +7 8162 730-879address: Ul. Volosova 1A comfortable, trendy cafe with excellent food and coffee, a short walk outside the Kremlin walls. For both salads and main courses, you choose your own ingredients and sauces from a list on the menu. English menu. Has a sidewalk cafe in the summer.
Derzhavnyyphone: +7 816 2 90 58 78, +7 816 2 73 21 33address: 5/2 Gazon st.Freaking good food, Russian cuisine. Although prepare to wait as they tend to cook it for quite long. Portions aren't particularly big, so grab few ones.
phone: +7 911 600 66 06, +7 816 2 606 606This is a real-size ship - restaurant with some great views over the Kremlin and surroundings
phone: +7 816 2 77 70 60,+7 816 2 77 71 92address: 2a Gazon st.Some OK food, small portions. They serve quite fast.
Honey mead is a local favorite.
Yaroslav Hosteladdress: Nikolskaja Street #4Bright colors!
phone: +7 8162 73-69-08, +7 8162 73-69-12address: Ul. Predtechenskaya 24One of the less expensive decent options in the city center.
phone: +78162 77-42-36Located in central part of a town (10 mins walk from Kremlin). All rooms are ensuite and have been recently renovated. Breakfast is not included in the price and costs pp. There is a restaurant inside hotel.
Sadko Hotelphone: +7 8162 66-09-20address: Ul. Fedorovsky RucheiMid-range, clean, renovated 3-star hotel with restaurant.
phone: +7 8162 33-55-48address: Ul. Predtechenskaya 24Mid-range 3-star hotel
Beresta Palacephone: +7 8162 94-09-10address: Ul. Studentechskaya 2Novgorod's top class hotel, with the most amenities, a moderate distance from the city center.