Olomouc (Olomóc or Holomóc in the local dialect, Olmütz in German) has the second largest and second oldest historic preservation zone in the Czech Republic (after Prague). Olomouc lies astride the Morava River and is surrounded by the fertile Haná plain. It was the capital of Moravia until 1641 and is the sixth-largest city in the country, with approximately 100,000 inhabitants.
Legend claims that the city was founded by Julius Caesar. It's almost certain that Caesar never visited in person, but it is known that the city began as a Roman military camp with the name Julii Mons (Julius' Hill). This name was gradually corrupted to its present form, Olomouc - which is pronounced 'Olo-mowts'. The Roman influence is a proud heritage of the city, and manifests itself in numerous areas.
Olomouc is doubtless the undiscovered gem of the Czech Republic. It is home to countless beautiful buildings, great culture (home of the Moravian Philharmonic Orchestra), and hundreds of unique restaurants, bars, and pubs. Olomouc is totally off the radar of most tourists, feeling quietly normal and relaxed even on a nice day in July.
As the home to Palacky University, Olomouc is the country’s largest student city by percentage of population. Palacky University (named after František Palacký, the most influential figure of the Czech National Revival in the 19th century) is one of the largest and most prestigious universities in the country and only Charles University in Prague has a longer history. During the academic year, the population of the city is increased by roughly 20,000 students, giving the city a vibrant feeling of life and energy. This is important to remember if you want to enjoy the thriving nightlife of the city - many bars and clubs depend on the student population and close for the summer vacations.
Olomouc has been the seat of a Catholic archbishop for almost 1,000 years, and thus has some of the most beautifully decorated churches in Central Europe - though they do not appear in many travel guides.
By planeAlthough Olomouc has an airport, it is only used by the local flying club. The nearest airports with commercial flights are Brno and Ostrava, although there are more flights to Prague, Vienna, Bratislava, Katowice and Kraków. Of these, Prague, Vienna and Krakow are big airports with even intercontinental flights, whereas the others largely serve budget and charter airlines.
By trainLong distance trains stop at (Olomouc Main station).
From Prague there are multiple options: Czech Railways operate hourly fast (R), express (Ex) and EuroCity (EC) trains which take 2½h, and faster SC Pendolino trains which take 2 hours and require a compulsory seat reservation. The route is also served by the private companies RegioJet and Leo Express, who each operate trains every 2 hours also requiring compulsory reservations. Train fares for this route vary from 199 Kč to 289 Kč in standard class.
Coming from Brno, trains on the most direct route via Prostějov take 1½h and leave every two hours. Beware that aside from these, there are also trains that run from Brno to Olomouc via Břeclav which take 2 hours longer and should not be used for this route. From Ostrava the ride takes 1h. Beware of some fast trains (category R) from Ostrava to Olomouc, which take a longer route through the Jeseníky mountains for over 3 hours.
From Warsaw there are three daytime connections, which take 6 hours and one night train which takes 9 hours. From Krakow there is one daytime connection which takes 5 hours, and one night train which takes 6 hours. Other connections require at least two changes. From Vienna there are several train connections; with changes either in Přerov or in Ceská Třebova, and it will take you about 3 hours.
Student Agency operates buses between Prague and Olomouc, but they are much slower than trains, because their route leads all the way down to Brno before turning up towards Prague.
By carMajor roads lead to Olomouc; D35 from Hradec Králové (and further from Prague and Germany), D35 in the other direction from Ostrava and Poland, highway 55 from Zlín and northern Slovakia as well as D46 from Brno (and further from Vienna, Bratislava and Hungary).
Olomouc city centre is best explored on foot. Its historic center is charming and it offers many opportunities for pleasant walks.
Public transportation is cheap and easy to use. There are ticket machines at every major bus and tram stop and tickets are also available from newspaper kiosks. A single trip ticket costs 14 Kč (as of Jun 2019) and is valid for 40 minutes on workdays and 60 minutes on other days. See a city line map and online timetable.
Integrated Transport System of Olomouc Region (IDSOK) provides an extensive network of local trains (category Os and Sp) and buses in the whole region. Olomouc region is divided into zones, and the ticket price depends on number of passed zones. Zone 71 (Olomouc city) has a special tariff, described above.
Taxis gather in the carpark at the front of the train station, and the ride from there to the centre should be between 100-150 Kč. The free-call number is +420 800 223 030.
Upper squareThe (Horní náměstí) is the main square of Olomouc, a beautiful place full of history where you can find some of the most important monuments:
- The baroque
Holy Trinity Columnwas built in the early 1700s and consecrated by the Empress Marie Theresa in 1754. With a height of 35 metres, it has dominated the Upper Square (Horní náměstí) ever since and was added to the UNESCO list of World Cultural Heritage in the year 2000. The column features sculptures of the Holy Trinity (predictably), the assumption of the Virgin Mary, all twelve apostles, three virtues and the most important saints of the Baroque period. The base of the column contains a small chapel with amazing acoustics and the raised pedestal is a very nice place to sit and eat lunch. It is one of the traditional rendezvous points in the city.
- The renaissance Olomouc Town Hall occupies the centre of the main square (Horní náměstí). Its halls and chapel are accessible on guided tours and it's possible to climb the tower each day at 11AM and 3PM. The ground floor of the town hall houses a gallery, restaurant and the tourist information office. Ask in the office if you are interested in the guided tour and climbing the tower. On the north face is one of only two astronomical clocks in the country. On the west side, there is the Hygieia fountain from 1945, one of the many fountains in the city.
Astronomical clockwas constructed in the 15th century, but takes its present appearance from the 1950s, during a refurbishment to repair damage inflicted in World War II. Czechoslovakia was under Communist rule by then and the clock reflects the values of the day, the saints and angels being replaced by scientists, sportspeople and labourers. At noon the clock has a presentation that is unique to its structure and construction. There is one other astronomical clock in the Czech lands (in the other ancient capital, Prague), but as a surviving example of Socialist-Realism, the Olomouc Astronomical clock is unique world-wide. It is another popular rendezvous point in the city.
- The baroque Caesar's Fountain is the largest fountain in Olomouc. It depicts the legendary founder of the city, Gaius Julius Caesar, riding a horse. It is one of the six great baroque Roman-themed fountains you can find in the city.
- The baroque Hercules' Fountain depicts Hercules fighting Hydra. Another from the series of the six great baroque Roman-themed fountains you can find in the city.
- The modern Arion's Fountain depicts the legend of a poet thrown overboard and saved by a dolphin. It was specially designed to allow easy access to the water and is a favourite among children.
- The bronze model of the city.
Churches and monasteries
address: Václavské náměstíA thousand-year-old cathedral, dominates the city’s skyline with the tallest spire in Moravia (second tallest in the Czech Republic). Pope John Paul II and Mother Teresa both visited the cathedral and the holy relics of Saint Jan Sarkander are interred within.
St. Moritz churchaddress: 8. květnaA beautifully preserved gothic church dating from 1398. One of its highlights is the massive Engler organ, one of the largest in Europe. The organ is the focus of the international music festival in September/October and the Christmas Music festival every year. The tower of the church offers a magnificent 360 degree view over the city and countryside and is accessed via a graceful double-spiral staircase.
address: Žerotínovo náměstí 1The church appears quite plain from the outside. Upon entering, however, most first time visitors find their breath stolen away. Inside is one of the most beautiful baroque churches in Central Europe. One notable feature is a painting of an apparently pregnant Virgin Mary, quite rare in a Catholic church. It’s also possible to enter the old monastery attached to the side of the church and climb its bell tower.
Basilica Minor on the Holy HillThis is one of the most popular pilgrimage churches in Central Europe, and was honoured by Pope John Paul II.
phone: +420 973 407 208address: Sušilovo náměstíHradisko is the oldest monastery in Moravia and its location on the banks of the Morava river, just upstream from the orthodox church, makes it a pleasant 20-minute walk from the cathedral end of town. The monastery building has belonged to the military since the monastic order was banned by Emperor Joseph II in 1784. It is now used as a hospital and is open to the public within guided tours.
phone: +420 587 405 421 (reservations)address: Wurmova 9The official seat of Olomouc bishops and archbishops. It was in this building on 2 December 1848, that Franz Joseph acceded to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Hapsburg Empire.
address: Václavské nám. 4The building recently undergone a thorough restoration and now houses the extensive Archdiocese museum. The building is the oldest in Olomouc and much of the original stonework has been exposed. On the upper floors, the circular chapel of St Barbara is a highlight.
Museums and galleries
phone: +420 585 514 111address: Denisova 47Museum of Modern Art is the pale grey Art Nouveau building across from the baroque Lady Mary of the Snows church. The permanent collection is okay, but the temporary exhibitions are often very interesting and well worth the entrance fee. There’s a small lookout tower at the top which is included in the entry price of the museum.
phone: +420 585 515 111address: náměstí Republiky 5The museum is housed in the former Clarisian convent on Náměstí Republiky (Republic Square). There are the usual collection of rocks and artifacts, and an interesting exhibit of the flora and fauna of the region, but probably the best things to see are in the old Olomouc section; woodcuts and prints from previous centuries, weapons, armour, traditional dress and many of the original religious figures from older versions of the astronomical clock.
- Commercial Art Galleries Czech and Moravian artists produce a lot of very unusual ceramic/pottery pieces and small works of art, which make great original souvenirs or gifts, and there are several shops/galleries in Olomouc filled with them. Some of the best are situated on which heads off the square from the Caesar fountain. Next to Cafe Caesar in the town hall building is the . It almost always exhibits contemporary art from local Olomouc or Czech artists. The (also a café), on the corner of the square near the Arion fountain (turtle fountain) is a similar exhibition space focused on contemporary art. In the beautiful right next to St Michael’s Church there is another small gallery worth visiting if only for the chance to wander through the entrance hall of this historic house. On the top floor of the local art museum there is a small exhibit about Villa Primavesi, its history and role in the Art Nouveau movement.
phone: +420 585 157 438address: Sladovní 103/3Motor museum with a large collection of well-preserved historic cars and motorcycles, focused mostly on Czechoslovak pre-war production, mainly Tatra, Praga, Aero, Škoda, Jawa and Walter.
- Baroque Fountains. The city’s impeccable series of six stone baroque fountains are all within easy walking distance of the Main Square. They are based on Roman themes, and depict Neptune, (both on Dolní náměstí), Mercury (near the Galerie Moritz mall), Triton (on Náměstí republiky), Hercules, and the legendary founder of Olomouc, Julius Caesar (both on Horní náměstí, the main square). There are also two more baroque fountains that were damaged and lost their central statues, Saturn fountain in the Hradisko monastery and Dolphin fountain near the Virgin Mary church. The missing statue of a child with a dolphin on the latter fountain was replaced with a lion's head.
- Modern fountains. There are also several remarkable modern fountains in Olomouc. The Arion fountain in the main square depicts the legend of a poet thrown overboard and saved by a dolphin. It was specially designed to allow easy access to the water and is a favourite among children. Hygieia fountain can be found nearby in the west wall of the Town Hall. Bronze Living Water fountaincan be found next to the Chapel of St. Sarkander. There are also two fountains located near the Main Railway Station, one of which ‘dances’ along to recorded classical music.
Parks and gardens
phone: +420 585 151 601address: Darwinova 29
- is a lovely park that runs between the massive Fortress walls and the Mill channel, providing a great place to stroll and relax, also nice views of the University and St. Michael's Church.
phone: +420 585 225 566The Botanical gardens are in two parts; the outdoor exhibits and rose gardens are across the stream from Bezruč gardens.
- The University is spread throughout the city, but the most interesting parts to visitors are between the main square and St. Wenceslas’ Cathedral. The fine arts faculty has and views over the city walls from above. Also notable is the on 17th. November Ave, which was formerly the headquarters of the Communist party.
- City Walls A series of defensive fortifications and moats once completely enclosed Olomouc. The best preserved parts are visible from the Bezruč gardens, below St. Michaels church. The water barracks that today house the Russian and Irish pubs and the 24hr espresso bar were also part of the system. There were also sixteen outlying forts, some of which still exist. Most still belong to the military and are off limits to the public, but one is home to ‘Exit discotheque’, and another is within the grounds of the botanic gardens. Enter just across the mill channel from Bezruč gardens, via the footbridge guarded by the four statues of Hercules.
phone: +420 585 500 500address: Horní nám. 22The theatre in the square is home to the Moravian Philharmonic Orchestra, as well as numerous musicals, operas, and plays. The price for tickets is difficult to beat. Be warned that the dialogue will usually be either in Czech or the original language.
address: Hynaisova 9aThe Ice Hockey stadium is on Hynaisova, behind the supermarket. Olomouc is more of a football than a hockey town, but ice hockey is a great spectator sport, a real piece of local life and probably the best two hours’ entertainment you will find for 50 Kč.
- The Letní Kino (summer cinema) is only open in the warmer months and shows films four nights a week, beginning as soon as it gets dark enough. The entrance is from Pekarska Ul. You can’t see the cinema from the street but it’s the same entrance as the mini-golf and you will walk past a large outdoor beer garden before finding the entrance to the cinema. The cinema is an amphitheatre that can hold 3000 people. You can see it quite well on the town model in the main square.
- Flora Olomouc In Spring, you should not miss the Flora Fairgrounds and nearby parks full of flowers. The information about exhibitions is available at the Flora Fairgrounds website (in Czech only).
- Academia Film is an international festival of documentary films in April. Most venues are close to the fine arts faculty of the university, with some being shown outdoors on a screen in the main square.
- Dvořak's Olomouc is a series of concerts of classical music taking place during May and June. The Moravian Philharmonic and visiting orchestras perform on the square and in the churches.
- The Festival of Songs in June gathers choirs from as far as Singapore and the United States to perform and compete. The choirs often burst spontaneously into song as they walk together around the streets and squares and it's a delighful time to be in Olomouc.
- Olomouc City Festival in June is ten days of concerts, theatre, sculpture and ceramics demonstrations, a whipped cream battle, and at least two lamplight processions.
- International Organ Music Festival is organised by the Moravian Philhamonic Orchestra and takes place in various venues around the city, including on the largest pipe-organ in central Europe-in St Moritz church in September.
- Festival of Film Animation A four-day festival of film animation and modern art is held annualy in December in several locations in Olomouc.
- Traditional Christmas Markets take over the main square from the beginning of December. There are free concerts every day, roasted chestnuts, mulled wine and other warming foods and traditional crafts ranging from blacksmith-work to the finest beeswax and honey products.
phone: +420 585 220 833address: 8. května 24Large four storey shopping mall hosting one of the biggest supermarkets in central Olomouc.
phone: +420 588 883 902address: Polská 1An enormous mall in four stories on the bank of Mýnský potok. Pretty much any kind of shops and services can be found here; supermarkets, fast food places, post office, banks, and various small shops and kiosks. On the first and second floor there's a relaxation area with Persian carpets and a piano free to play.
Garlic soup (česnečka) is available all around the country. The garlic soup of the Haná region (Hanácká česnečka) is one of the best varieties and is usually very strong. If olomoucké tvarůžky are added, the soup is called Loštická česnečka. Because of the combined might of garlic and the strong ripened cheese, it is not recommended if you plan to kiss someone that evening. On the other hand, garlic is very healthy and you should get some česnečka if you have a cold or sore throat.
Hanácký koláč is the typical sweet cake of the region.
RestaurantsThere are dozens of excellent restaurants in the city, and most have English menus. Local favorites include Cafe Caesar, which is in the renaissance Town Hall Building on the main square. Hanacka Hospoda is a more traditional Moravian restaurants, is located in the nearby lower square. On Marianska Ul. is the Svatovaclavsky Pivovar which is a non-smoking microbrewery with indoor and outdoor seating and a comprehensive menu of local specialties.
phone: +420 585 222 868address: Horní náměstí 23Serving traditional food of the region, as well as international cuisine. An example from the menu is "Quarter of roast duck, red cabbage with apple, bread and potato dumplings with onion" , for 240 Kč. Non-smoking.
phone: +420 585 228 755address: Hrnčířská 10One of the best restaurants in Olomouc. The menu and wine list are extensive, and the rear rooms of the restaurant look out from the top of the city walls across the park. The interior is decorated with lots of interesting antiques and hundreds of potted plants. An example from the menu is the "Dinosaur Steak", which is a chicken fillet on top of a pork cutlet on top of a beef steak for 169 Kč.
phone: +420 777 749 285address: Ztracená 3A vegetarian lunch canteen, just a few paces from the main square along Ztracena Ul. It's self serve and the food all costs the same- 21 Kč/100g. Just load your plate and pass it to the girl at the checkout, she'll weigh it and tell you how much you owe. The food's good, the price is a bargain, and it's Olomouc's best vegetarian option.
phone: +420 585 315 192address: Karla Farského 7This is a little way out of the centre, past the Bus Station, but it serves some of the best food in the city, especially the steaks.
phone: +420 585 502 999address: Michalské stromořadí 5The interior is stylish, our pleasant attendants will surely help you in choosing your meals and drinks. We wish your an unforgettable culinary experience. Lunch specials including soup from 90 Kč.
phone: +420 602 964 444A place to get great sushi, a bit pricey for compared to other restaurants but worth it with quiet and friendly atmosphere.
Pod Limpouphone: +420 583 035 322address: Dolní nám. 43Wide selection of beer and Moravian dishes. The restaurant is in a cosy, rustic basement and has a large space for outdoor dining.
phone: +420 585 229 287address: Horní náměstíThe place is named after the legendary founder of the city, serves pizza and pasta and is on the ground floor of the Town Hall. In summer they have a large outdoor area right on the main square, which is the perfect place to pass a gentle summer's evening.
phone: +420 774 033 045address: Dolní nám. 27/38Traditional Moravian restaurant, mostly meat dishes on the menu.
phone: +420 585 207 517address: Mariánská 4A non-smoking microbrewery with indoor and outdoor seating and a comprehensive menu of local specialties. Daily changing menu with three mains to choose from.
Mineral waterHanácká kyselka is a well known natural mineral water of the region. It is healthy and has a refreshing taste. It is a good choice if you do not want to drink alcohol.
WineWine is the lifeblood of Moravia. Look into any ‘vinárna’ (wine bar) or ‘vinný sklep’ (wine cellar) and you’ll see an array of characters partaking of the nectar of the vines. Most vineyards are in South Moravia but that has no effect on the drinking abilities of northern Moravians. You can buy good Moravian wine for a picnic from a vinný sklep in plastic bottles that you either bring yourself or you can find there.
If anyone has told you that Moravian wine is inferior to French or Italian wine, don’t believe them. The taste and aroma of Moravian wines vary from their Western European cousins because they are made from totally different varieties of grapes. Svatovavrinecké is a strong, drier red wine, Modrý Portugal is a medium dry and Frankovka is a sweeter red wine. Good white wines are Muller Thurgau and Veltlínské Zelené.
phone: +420 585 207 517address: Mariánská 4A large microbrewery serving five brews including wheat and fruit flavoured beers. The new location is completely non-smoking and has an outdoor area. In the cellar is an old nuclear fallout shelter that the proprietors plan to renovate to offer spas in oak vats of dark beer scented with a special mix of herbs. The food is very good and lunch menu start from 85 Kč.
phone: +420 585 205 560address: Nešverova 2A completely non-smoking microbrewery, which is impeccably furnished in an early 20th century style. Large internal windows allow patrons a view of the brewing room.
phone: +420 777 059 150address: Univerzitní 6Vertigo is a great subterranean bar, packed with local and international students, and mock cave paintings on the wall. It’s a good place to meet people because you almost always have to share a table.
phone: +420 585 230 399address: Sokolská 48The club has a regular program of concerts. Everything from Jazz to Blues to funk to reggae.
9a Bar And Boulderphone: +420 736 411 227address: 1. máje 878/449a is a spotless bar that is popular with university students. And rockclimbers. There's a climbing wall in one of the back rooms.
Rasputinphone: +420 608 756 723address: Mlýnská 952/2Rasputin is a Russian themed bar in the water barracks, the long low brick building beside Freedom avenue (Tr. Svobody) which was once part of the city walls.
phone: +420 777 799 607address: Mlýnská 938/4Belmondo is one of the better places in the centre for dancing. Also in the water barracks, there's a cover charge only on Friday and Saturday nights. Regular and visiting DJ's
Klub 15 Minutphone: +420 581 045 665address: Komenského 3115 Minut has moved from its original location in the university library, but remains one of the best live music venues in the city.
phone: +420 585 203 121address: 8. května 11A small dance club oriented around more underground styles of electronic dance music.
phone: +420 724 486 192address: Horní náměstí 21Opera is another good restaurant serving Italian food. It is also located on the main square.
phone: +420 724 211 009address: Denisova 47The café is famous for its excellent chocolate cakes (42 Kč). In the morning, they also serve excellent breakfasts in English style (60 Kč). It is in the same building as the museum of the modern art.
You can find really cheap accommodation in the student dorms in the outer suburb of Neredin, between the airport and the cemetery. There are always a few vacant rooms. Unfortunately there is not much information in English about the dorms, but the tourist information office should be able to help.
phone: +420 775 500 730address: Sokolská 1Poets' Corner Hostel on Sokolska offers the best value beds in the centre of Olomouc. An independent hostel that receives consistently high reviews, it is open year round and can be booked on any of the major booking websites, or contact them directly.
phone: +420 604 123 661address: Na Střelnici 48Very basic facilities, no window or extractor fan in toilet, no TV despite being advertised. Some "double rooms" consist of two single beds fixed about 4 metres apart from each other. Wi-Fi is a chargeable extra, and they demand full payment before issuing your key. Its best selling point may be its location.
phone: +420 777 000 202address: Šmeralova 12 (administration)Outside the semesters the student dormitories of Olomouc University serve as lodging for tourists. The rates are rather low and the money raised from renting out the beds benefits the students. They are close to the university, and therefore also close to the historical center of the city. Rooms are for 2-3 persons or more, but they can also be rented out as single rooms (at a higher price). The dormitories also include a dining room, laundry room, gym and the reception also serves a kiosk.
phone: + 420 585 422 200address: Krapkova 439/34Mid-range hotel. Rooms have bathroom, tv, Wi-Fi. The hotel has a restaurant and a wellness center.
phone: +420 585 436 600address: Alšova 178/8Rooms have A/C, bathroom, tv, safe. There's a guarded car park, and free Wi-Fi.
Clarion Congress Hotel Olomoucphone: +420 581 117 117address: Jeremenkova 36Standard rooms have the amenities a mid-range hotel room usually has. The hotel has a restaurant. Free Wi-Fi.
phone: +420 581 830 811address: Pavelčákova 22Apparently a slightly upscale hotel. Rooms have the amenities mid-range and splurge hotel rooms have. The hotel has a restaurant (open for breakfast and lunch) and a wellness studio.
phone: +420 585 502 999address: Michalske stromoradi 5In the heart of the historic centre, in a calm environment of city parks.
phone: +420 585 575 111address: Legionářská 21Short walk from the city centre.
- Opera café on the main square (Horní náměstí) and probably other restaurants offer wifi access. Ask the waiter for the passphrase.
- Internet u Dominika is an internet café just north of city center, in Sokolská 12 street (close to the Poets' Corner hostel). Printing (both black and white and photos) and card readers are available.
The mobile network (GSM/GPRS) covers the whole city. If you are coming from a non-GSM standard country (e.g. North America) check your mobile phone for GSM compatibility.
An enjoyable way of exploring the Olomouc region is by bike. You can rent a bike at the main railway station for 150 Kč/day and follow one of many well marked bicycle tracks. Especially good times to visit are Spring, when there are carpets of white flowers everywhere; and Autumn when the birch, linden, ash, oak and maple trees begin to change. Maps of cycling trails are available from tourist information, news stands and bookstores.
Closest to Olomouc and suitable even as half-day trips are Svatý Kopeček (Holy Hill), the Litovelské Pomoraví protected natural reserve and the swimming holes at Poděbrady and Výkleky.
- Svatý Kopeček is the hill that rises up to the east of Olomouc. If you arrive by train from Prague, you’ll have a good view of the building near its peak, which is the Basilica of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary. Surrounded by forest behind the basilica is the Olomouc Zoo, which is well respected for its work with more than 50 endangered species, included Rothschild’s Giraffes.
- The Litovelské Pomoraví nature park stretches from Olomouc to the town of Litovel, 18 km away along the Morava River. The walking and cycling trails across the flat flood plains and through the forests are popular with locals and suitable for outings with young children. Near U Tri Mostu (8 km from Olomouc) is a clearing with the horseriding ranch and outdoor restaurant Lovecká Chata.
- Poděbrady is a former gravel quarry that has been flooded with fresh water to form Olomouc’s most convenient natural swimming area. Just on the edge of the Litovelské Pomoraví, it’s connected to the city by walking and cycle trails or town bus #18 which stops on the nearby roadside.
- Swimming at Výkleky A prettier place to go swimming though is the old rock quarry at Výkleky, 18 km east of Olomouc. The cycling route is a little complicated, but buses to Lipník stop at Velký Ujezd, a 20-minute walk from Výkleky.
The castles, caves and historic towns are further afield and will require a vehicle or the use of public transport.
- Bouzov castle (38 km west of Olomouc) has stood on its hilltop for almost 700years, but its current appearance is from a reconstruction around the turn of the 20th century. It’s a popular location for filming fairytales, and makes a good daytrip from Olomouc, especially when combined with the nearby Javořicko caves.
- The Javořicko caves were uncovered in the 1930s and almost 800m is accessible to the public along concrete paths and steel staircases. No special clothing or equipment is necessary-perhaps just a light jacket.
- Helfštýn castle (35 km east of Olomouc) is one of the largest castle ruins in central Europe and hosts a wide range of cultural events during the summer, including Hefaiston; the International Blacksmiths’ Seminar and Festival.
- Kroměříž (35 km south of Olomouc along the Morava River) is on the UNESCO world heritage protection list because of its remarkable baroque chateau and formal flower gardens. The chateau was a location for the Academy award winning Miloš Forman film Amadeus and houses some of the Czech Republic’s most valuable artworks.
- Litomyšl (80 km from Olomouc) is one of the Czech Republic’s prettiest small towns and is UNESCO-listed for its renaissance chateau. The chateau is covered with amazingly intricate sgraffito plaster decorations and has one of only five baroque theatres left in the world. Buses from Olomouc to Hradec Králové stop at Litomyšl or you can take the train to Česká Třebova and switch to a local bus from there.