SamsunCentral Karadeniz region of Turkey.
It is the largest city on the Turkish Black Sea coast.
Samsun is a long sprawling city which extends along the coast between the Kızılırmak ("Red River") delta to the west and the east the Yeşilırmak ("Green River") delta.
In the city center and close to the seashore is the city's main square, Cumhuriyet Meydanı, north and south of which are Kazımpaşa Caddesi and Cumhuriyet Caddesi.
The city is growing fast: land has been reclaimed from the sea and many more apartment blocks and shopping malls are being built. Industry is tending to move (or be moved) east, further away from the city center and towards the airport.
Samsun has a humid subtropical climate, like most of the eastern Black Sea coast of Turkey.
Spring temperatures can vary by over 10 degrees from one day to the next. Summers are warm and humid, and the average maximum temperature is around 27 °C (81 °F) in August. Winters are cool and damp, and the lowest average minimum temperature is around 3 °C (37 °F) in January.
Precipitation is heaviest in late autumn and early winter. Snow sometimes occurs between the months of December and March, but never more than a few centimeters of snow falls in the city, and temperatures below the freezing point rarely last more than a couple of days.
The water temperature, as in the whole Turkish Black Sea coast, is always cool, fluctuating between 8–20 °C (46–68 °F) throughout the year.
phone: +90 362 8848835address: Çınarlık Bld., Girişi PkThere are frequent flights from Istanbul, daily from other big Turkish cities and some international (mainly from Germany) flights in summer. The tramway does not yet reach the airport but if you do not want to pay for a taxi there are buses to the city centre and to Bafra for the Kızılırmak Delta.
There are frequent and reasonably priced buses to Ankara and eastwards along the Black Sea coast to Trabzon and beyond.
Bus Stationaddress: Şht. Korhan Ekiz BlvServises (shuttle buses) no longer run between the downtown offices and the bus station. The E5 is probably the best bus to the city center. There are also frequent dolmuşes (2.50 TL) from the bus station to Cumhuriyet Meydanı. Expect a taxi between the bus station and the center of the city to cost 27 TL.
Samsun has a railway connection with the interior of the country, with passenger trains plying the route between Samsun and Sivas via Amasya back and forth. As with the rest of Turkey, this is both the slowest and cheapest alternative, though also the most comfortable, as trains are equipped with spacious seats, usually mostly empty, and equipped with outlets and toilets.
The rail line is closed for upgrading as of 2019.
Railway Stationaddress: Fuar Cd.
The city has a network of trams, buses, dolmuşes, and taxis.
The city travelcard is called Samkart and can be bought at the main tram stops and some shops. It can be used on buses or trams but not dolmuş.
Frequent trams run along the city parallel to the coast, between 19 Mayis University and the stadium, and the tramway will be extended to the airport. Only the main tram stations sell travelcards or tokens.
There are four numbered Dolmuş routes within the city and they are much more frequent than buses - you can always ask the driver details on where to get off, etc. The adult daytime fare is 3 TL cash (Samkart not accepted, Jan 2018). There are also larger dolmuş with higher fares for destinations a little outside the city.
The automated bike rental stands owned by the council along the seafront are out of service; however there are private bike rental shops, mainly in Atakum. The central seafront is very easy and pleasant to cycle along.
Cedit Neighbourhood: escape the traffic, walk downhill and enjoy the viewsThis walk is short and downhill but steep in parts. There is very little traffic and the neighbourhood is friendly, but there are no cafes or tea shops (if you find one please add it) until the end. To reach the start of the walk take dolmuş route 3 (that is a green dolmuş) upwards away from the coast. Get off at the last stop, which is a dolmuş turning area. With the high school on your right walk away from the main road past the "no entry for vehicles" road sign. Pausing to enjoy the view of the city, follow 114. Sokak signed round to the left. With the fence on your left (do not take photos of the military area) walk to the end of 114. Sokak then down the steps of Bingöl Sokak and left into Çimenli Caddesi. Follow Çimenli Caddesi past Cedit Park, which is really just a small children's playground but has benches where you could eat your sarnies. At the mosque turn left into 121. Sokak, walk a few metres back uphill then immediately right into Hakkari Sokak. At the end of Hakkari Sokak go straight on past the bus shelter and along the path that becomes Serasker Sokak. Turn right down Bozüyük Sokak and at the end of the street onwards down the steps a little to your right. At the bottom of the steps turn left and follow Ebusuud Effendi Caddesi all the way to the end then onwards down the track with the wall on your left. On reaching a couple of houses do not follow the track sharp right away from the wall but instead go down the steps between the 2 houses. Follow these steps all the way down to the main road. This is the end of the walk. To return to the city center stay on this side of the road and take a number 1 (red) dolmuş, which you will see on your right. Alternatively take the dolmuş in the opposite direction the short distance to Amisos Tepe or Batı Park.
If you are feeling energetic enough to do the walk in the opposite direction, that is uphill from the junction of Bafra Caddesi and Gençlik Caddesi, note that the steps you need from the main road are those off Bafra Caddesi next to the wall, the tiny steps off Gençlik Caddesi far from the wall just lead to a house.
Kürtün River Valley: countryside in the city, walk downhill and enjoy the views
Replica of SS BandırmaThis is the replica of the ferry that took Kemal Atatürk from Istanbul to the port of Samsun. Inside, there is a collection of photographs of Atatürk and his comrades. You can also watch a short film.
Atatürk and his comradesaddress: 19 Mayis BlvWalking from the bottom of 19 Mayis Blv towards the sea you can see life size models of historical figures; and Atatürk and his comrades alighting from another, partial, replica of the Bandırma at the sea front.
Amisos Hilloffers a sea view, Hellenistic era tombs, and cafes in pleasant grounds.
Kızılırmak Deltathis is the delta plain of Turkey's longest river (1355 km source to sea), Kızılırmak (literally "red river", due to its colour). The delta is great for birdwatching (320 species of birds call there home) and for fishing. Cooler than the city as there is usually a fresh breeze. The main bird watching tower has a cafe below, where you may find dairy products from the local buffaloes.
Göğceli Mosqueaddress: Terme Caddesi (Cemil Şensoy Cd.)One of the rare wooden mosques in Turkey, this one dates back to 1206, and its construction does not involve even a single nail (all wooden plates were inserted through each other).
Bedestanaddress: Namık Kemal Cd
Gazi Museumaddress: Gazi Cd., in MecidiyeA witness to Atatürk's activities while in Samsun. The collection includes some clothes and personal paraphernalia, purportedly belonging to him. It also includes a number of old photographs and maps.
Archaeology and Ethnographic Museumaddress: 19 Mayıs Blv No:5,Dedicated to local history and artifacts, including the golden Amisos Treasure.
address: Fuar Cd., Kale Mh.So new, the tobacco still smells good.
- Sea front — Good for walking or cycling, or you can take a ride in a horse drawn carriage.
- Boat trip. A trip along the coast which takes 2 hours, on a boat named Samsunum ("my Samsun").
Atakum Beach is long, free and sandy and has nice cafes across the small road from the beach. However there is little shade and children and weak swimmers should beware of the variable depth, especially when there are waves.
Fener Beach is women only, has a small daily charge and is suitable for small children in that the water is shallow, it has shade and showers and is sheltered from waves. It is open 08:00-18:00 in summer. Access by public transport involves crossing a busy road, so unless you are staying at the Sheraton you may prefer to take a taxi if you have small children.
Bandırma Beach was closed for renovation as of 2014.
- Talk to the locals. For a city of half a million there are very few foreigners: so most people will be happy to chat if you want to. Try the sea front, parks or outdoor cafes. No need to feel lonely if you are travelling on your own: just ask one of the many English language schools if their students need any conversation practice - especially if you are a native English speaker they will welcome you with open arms.
ParksIn summer locals love to barbeque in the big parks and drink tea from samovars.
Atatürk ParkSmall and shady: with the famous statue.
East ParkThere are a lot of trees, basketball and football areas and a lot of cafes. From here you could walk up the River Mert.
West ParkBig, with plenty of kitsch. Also by the sea but the trees have not had much time to grow yet. Has cable car to Amisos Hill.
Çakırlar KorusuSmall nature reserve with boardwalks over wetland forested with ash and elm. Picnic and sports area, restaurant and toilets.
- Arts. If you are interested in arts, you will find a thing or two that you might like. There is a very large and interesting opera building with very cheap weekly shows.
- Go Karting. There is a go kart course in Batıpark (West Park)
- Fishing. The Black Sea is rich in fish varieties.
- Horseriding. There is a course in town.
- Paintball. There is a paintball ground in the locality known as Körfez, somewhat far from city centre.
- Wakeboarding. In summer water skiiers are towed around by an overhead circuit, near Dogupark (East Park)
- Festivals. Two festivals are celebrated annually in the city. Some competitions are held during the Bike Festival. On the other hand, concerts of popular singers are to be found during the Festival of OMÜ (Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi). Both festivals are usually celebrated around the end of June.
There are plenty of modern hospitals if you need a quicker or cheaper op than you can get at home. Many doctors and dentists are women if that is important for you, but not all have good English.
The local people all eat pide every Sunday almost ritualistically.
These pides are totally unique to the city, so don't expect to find them anywhere else.
Fried anchovies are delicious in winter.
If arriving by air internationally (direct, or via Istanbul and you have not yet cleared customs) you will need to walk across to the terminal on your right to collect your baggage, and buy duty-free alcohol if you wish.
Ozanlar Saz EviTiny teashop where you can drink tea or Turkish coffee, and on weekend evenings listen to the musicians jamming under the picture of local saz player made good Orhan Gencebay
There are some hotels close to the beach, for example Hotel Serra.
You can "couchsurf" or there are plenty of small hotels near Ataturk Park (get off your bus or tram at Cumhuriyet Meydan). Or try the "öğretmenevi".
phone: +90 444 70 93address: Liman Mah. Rıhtım Bulv. No:3A favourite with sportspeople.
Sheraton or Hotel Amisos.
- Wi-Fi at the airport is slower than the local tortoises.
Amasya— to the south is a pleasant riverside city with whitewashed houses and plenty of other historic attractions.
BogazkaleA town close to Hattuşaş, which was once the capital of Hittite Empire, indigenous people of Anatolian highlands
SinopAn ancient fortified port city jutting out on a peninsula into Turkey's northernmost tip
address: Trabzon Province.— with its seaside view badly ruined by the Black Sea Highway, is still an important historical city, that is great fun to explore. The main city of the northeast has a lot to offer a visitor, and is the place to stay when traveling to the stunning Sümela Monastery. Take a tour to Lake Uzungöl