Sourced from Wikivoyage. Text is available under the CC-by-SA 3.0 license.

Huangpu (黄浦区 Huángpǔ Qū) is an administrative district of Shanghai, the traditional center of the city, with People's Square, the Bund, the East Nanjing Road pedestrian mall and many other attractions.
From around 1000 CE until the 1840s, Shanghai was a prosperous but not remarkably important Chinese town, and a walled city. Then China lost the First Opium War and was forced to open up five treaty ports in which the Western powers who had won the war were granted concessions, areas that they administered and where Chinese law did not apply. Shanghai was one of those, and it grew amazingly fast after that, quickly becoming China's most important commercial center. See Shanghai#History for details.
The official Huangpu District includes the Old City, the area that was a walled Chinese city before the modern city developed, Today the walls are long gone, replaced by the Renmin Lu ring road, there are many new buildings, and several metro stops are near the edges of the district. Wikivoyage has a separate article for the Old City.
North of the old city is most of what was once the British Concession. The Bund (a Hindi word for riverside embankment), once the center of seaborne trade with many trading firms' offices, is now a scenic boulevard and major tourist attraction. Nanjing Road, running inland from the Bund and once the main street of the British area, is now a very busy and fashionable pedestrians-only shopping street. What was once a horse racing track on the edge of the British area has become People's Park, a popular recreational area with a busy metro station underneath.
In 2011, the district of Luwan was merged into Huangpu for administrative purposes. However, this article covers Huangpu only within its pre-2011 border. Luwan is covered in the French Concession article. The green area on the map shows what this article covers, with both the Old City and Luwan excluded though both are officially part of Huangpu District.
Huangpu was Shanghai's fastest-growing district in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The more recent surge of growth — from the "reform and opening up" starting around 1978 to the present, with no sign of slowing down anytime soon — is much more broadly based, affecting not only all districts of Shanghai but the whole East China region and indeed most of the country. The fastest growth this time is in newly developing areas such as Pudong (across the river from Huangpu) and the SIP area of Suzhou. However, Huangpu is by no means being left out; several of Shanghai's main metro lines pass through it and it is well supplied with large new buildings and roads.


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