ShenyangShenyang (沈阳 Shěnyáng), historically Mukden, is the capital of Liaoning Province in China.
Shenyang has a monsooon-influenced continental climate with large seasonal variation. Winters are very cold, but dry, and can easily feature nights of −20 °C or below. Summers are hot and humid, with daytime temperatures near 30 °C, rarely pushing above into the high 30s °C, though.
- Heping (和平区; Hépíngqū)
- Dadong (大东区; Dàdōngqū)
- Huanggu (皇姑区; Huánggūqū)
- Shenhe (沈河区; Shěnhéqū)
- Tiexi (铁西区;Tiěxīqū)
- Hunnan (浑南新区;Húnnánxīnqū)
- Dongling (东陵区;Dōnglíngqū)
- Yuhong (于洪区;Yúhóngqū)
- Sujiatun (苏家屯区;Sūjiātúnqū)
- Shenbeixinqu (沈北新区;Shěnběixīnqū)
By planeThe city is served by the Shenyang Taoxian International Airport, and by several smaller, regional airports. There are direct flights to Shenyang from most Chinese airports.
Shenyang Taoxian International AirportDirect international flights includes Seoul and Cheongju in South Korea; Pyongyang in North Korea; Irkutsk and Khabarovsk in Russia; Frankfurt, Osaka, Tokyo and Vancouver.
Tramway line 2 connects the airport with the Shenyang subway system. With the transfer to the subway, it takes a bit over an hour to get into downtown. An airport shuttle also runs from the airport to the main China Northern Airlines ticket office (117 Zhonghua Road; 中华路117号; Zhōnghuálù) and back frequently.
By carShenyang is connected by a major expressway, the 6-lane Jingshen Expressway, from Beijing, some 685 km (425 mi) away. Expressways also link Shenyang with Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces. The Shenda Expressway connecting Shenyang and Dalian was the first expressway ever built in China (383 km/238 mi). It is the fastest highway (8-lane) linking one of the largest port cities to Shenyang.
By trainTrain service is provided through two train stations, the North Railway Station and the Railway Station. The North Railway Station handles the majority of the long-distance trains while the Railway Station handles most of the northeast trains and does local service around the province. Some trains travel to both stations so be aware of which station you need to board your train. High Speed Rail is available from both stations (D train). The train stations are connected with metro.
North Railway Station
- Beijing - takes about 8 hours (or 4-5 hours by 'D Train')
- Dalian - takes about 6 hours (express trains take 3 - 4 hours or 2 hours by 'D Train')
- Dandong - takes about 5 hours
- Guangzhou - takes about 30-48 hours
- Harbin - takes about 7 hours (3 hours by 'D Train')
- Jilin - takes about 6-9 hours (2.5 hours by 'D Train)
- Shanghai - takes about 27-34 hours
- Tianjin - takes about 7 hours (or 5 hours by 'D Train')
- Qinhuangdao - takes about 5 hours (or 2.5 hours by 'D Train')
- Baihe via Songjianghe - takes about 9 hours
- Beijing - takes about 8-10 hours (4-5 hours by 'D Train')
- Changchun - takes about 4 hours (2 hours for 'D Train')
- Dalian - takes about 5 hours (2 hours by 'D Train')
- Dandong - takes about 4 hours
- Harbin - takes about 7 hours (3 hours by 'D Train')
- Jilin - takes about 7 hours (2.5 hours by 'D Train')
- Tianjin - takes about 9 hours (5 hours by 'D Train')
- Tonghua - takes about 7 hours
- Tumen - takes about 16 hours
By busLong distance bus service is handled by two bus stations.
Main Long-Distance Bus Station (Shenyang Qiche Kuaisu Keyun Zhan)
Located on Huigong Jie, this station serves routes to and from major cities. You can also find night buses to Beijing being hawked outside the north train station.
- Beijing - takes about 8 hours
- Changchun - takes about 4 hours
- Dandong - takes about 3 hours, Y 85 one-way as of May 2015. Buses leave from 05:30 to 19:00, in 30 minutes intervals.
- Dalian - takes about 4 hours
- Harbin - takes about 7 hours
- Jilin - takes about 5 hours
- Jinzhou - takes about 3 hours
South Bus Station Buses queue along Minzhu Lu (opposite the south train station), around Minzhu Square and some nearby streets. On most buses you pay the conductor on the bus but for Anshan and Liaoyang you must purchase tickets at the office on the east side of Minzhu Square. These buses run medium distance routes to neighbouring cities within Liaoning. Buses stop departing this bus stations around 18:00. Passengers arriving to this station may be offloaded from the bus on a nearby street or some distance away at a yard used for storing coaches, sited behind the post office on Zhongshan Jie.
- Anshan - takes about 1 hour 40 minutes
- Benxi - takes about 1 hour
- Liaoyang - takes 1 hour
- Fushun - takes 50 minutes
Shenyang has a comprehensive bus system, but it can be incomprehensible if you do not read Chinese. Make sure you pick up a city bus and area map at either train station. Very handy to help get around. Buses charge ¥1-2 and major bus lines congregate around the train stations. Bus 203 travels between the two train stations.
There are plenty of taxis whose meters start at ¥8 for 3 km, then ¥1.8 per kilometer. Make sure you get a taxi in which the meter is mounted on the dashboard and easily visible from your seat instead of behind the gear shift - it is possible the driver may be pulling some sleight of hand to increase your fare. As of January 2011, there is a huge construction project at Government Square in the center of the city. Traffic around the area is quite congested so many taxis will often go around the square instead of through it.
Architecture and historical sites
City wallsaddress: Shenyang LuThe original city walls of Shenyang were destroyed in the 1950s. Some small sections have been reconstructed to give an impression of the former city. These remains consist of two gates, Huaiyuanmen and Fujinmen, at either end of Shenyang Lu.
The old Longkou Wine Museum
Shengjing Ancient Cultural Street
Shenyang World War II Allied Prisoners Camp Site Museum
phone: +86 24 88338981 (bookings), +86 24 88331017 (complaints)address: 46 Wanghua South Street, Dadong District (大东区望花南街46号)At 22:30 on 18 September, 1931, a bomb exploded beside the Japanese run railway line near Shenyang. Though instigated by the Japanese, the Chinese were blamed for the event giving the Japanese an excuse to invade and occupy the whole of the northeast of China. Shenyang was the epicenter of that invasion, so it is most appropriate that the museum for the '9.18 Incident', as it is known, is in Shenyang next to the spot where the explosion occurred. The museum, as one would expect, depicts the incident from a Chinese perspective. It is not for the faint of heart because it unflinchingly displays the atrocities of war. Only the main descriptions are available in English, but it's enough to follow the course of events. The pictures and exhibits speak for themselves, anyway.
China Museum of Industryphone: +86 24 25702088address: 14 Weigong North Street, Tiexi District (铁西区卫工北街14号)Tells the story of the industrialisation of China. The museum is built on the site of an old foundry, which has been largely preserved in its original state.
phone: +86 24 23205102 5100address: 157 Zhihui San Street, Hunnan District (浑南区智慧三街157号)A high-quality museum featuring Liaoning history from the stone age to the Qing dynasty, with many relics of China's past found in the area (3rd floor). Also houses large collections of Chinese traditional art and calligraphy, plus temporary exhibitions. There may be queues to enter during main public holidays.
phone: +86 24 86591170address: Shenyang Normal University, 253 Huanghe North Street, Huanggu District (皇姑区黄河北大街253号沈阳师范大学院内)Claims to be the largest paleontological museum in China. Maintains a huge collection of fossils.
Shen-Air Museumphone: +86 24 86599602address: 1 Lingbei Street, Huanggu District (皇姑区陵北街1号)Beiling Airport is the site where China produced its first modern jet aircraft in the early 1950s. These were initially copies of Soviet MIG fighters but gradually Chinese designs developed. A strong focus is placed on comparing Chinese and American aircraft, in particular those involved in the Korean War of the 1950s. They also tell the history of Chinese missile development and other technologies. Civilian aircraft were also produced here and feature in the exhibits. The tour finishes with the modern J-11 fighter, China's new passenger aircraft (ACAC ARJ21 Xiangfeng or Flying Phoenix) and the recent Chinese space flights. This is an AAAA-rated site on China's national tourist scale.
Shenyang Railway Museumphone: +86 24 62077705address: 8 Shandan Street, Sujiatun District (苏家屯区山丹街8号)Housing 15 historical locomotives and 3 duplicated historical locomotives. It is the biggest steam locomotive museum in China.
Parks and nature
phone: +86 41 3611 8888 or +86 24 8271 1236address: Wanghua District (抚顺高湾(沈吉高速抚顺西出口))Opened in 2008 and still being expanded, this claims to be the biggest aquarium in Asia. There are four displays open. The Ocean World display contains sea and fresh water aquariums filled with all manor of aquatic life. The Century Forest display focuses on reptiles. There is also the Narnian Castle which is a theatre where animal shows are performed several times throughout the day (show times may vary throughout the year). Lastly there is Susu world, a soft play centre for children. Each of these displays can be purchased separately or on a combined ticket. Beside this site, Asia's largest water park features swimming pools, water flumes and other water activities.
address: Dongling DistrictThis is the site of the 2006 International Horticultural Exposition. One of Shenyang's main tourist attractions, it continues to operate though the expo has officially ended. It features international gardens reminiscent of Epcot Center in Disney World in the U.S, (the amusement park is really awesome compared to the gardens, which includes a roller coaster and many other fun activities!). It also features gardens for different provinces and cities within China and the expo's most recognizable feature, the Lily Tower, a massive structure inspired by its namesake flower (for ¥30, you can take an elevator to the top of this magnificent structure). Before its transformation to the Expo Gardens, this was once the much humbler Botanical Gardens. It opens in the spring and closes in October. Most of the signs are in English and Chinese.
North, East, South and West PagodasBuilt in the 1640s and now restored to close to original, these four pagodas stand each about 4 km north, south, east and west of the Imperial Palace that was the centre of the old city. Each pagoda is almost identical to the others but the north and south pagodas are in the best condition today.
Statues and monuments
Mao Zedong's Statueaddress: Zhongshan Sq, Heping DistrictThis is the largest statue of Mao Zedong in China. Around the base of the statue are images of workers, peasants and soldiers in heroic poses. The square is a popular place for locals to relax. Also called 'Taxi Square' by the locals.
Happy Family (兴隆大家庭 xīng lóng dà jiā ting)The Happy Family Malls (one in Tiexi and the one on Zhongjie) have indoor ice rinks with skates you can rent an occasional specials on teachers.
Winter sportsThere are three ski resort areas within Shenyang prefecture.
Northeast Asia Ski Resort
Baiqingzhai Ski Field
Qipanshan Ice and Snow World
Major shopping areasShenyang has three main shopping areas.
Zhong Jiehas a number of shops selling cell phones, computers, electronic equipment or the latest fashions and accessories. Box/department stores are within walking distance of Zhong Jie as well as the north train station. There are many western brands here, including cafes and restaurants. The Forum 66 Mall is well-travelled and full of international food and clothing brands, and its relatively empty companion, the Palace 66, is now open at 市府广场站 Shifu Guangchang station on the 2 line.
Taiyuan JieThis area has an English language bookstore and main post office nearby, as well as food, clothing from international brands, and electronics. Don't miss the underground shopping mall under the street. Box stores common throughout China can be found here. Cheap prescription glasses and sunglasses can be found on south Taiyuan street in the 赛隆广场 Sailong Mall. Don't forget to bargain!
BeishichangOne of the oldest shopping areas in Shenyang. There is an important Lama temple (Huang Shi, founded in 1636), which was worshiped by all the Manchu emperors during their regular trips to Shenyang.
Wu'ai MarketThe biggest wholesale market in the northeast of China, with 300,000 customers per day and annual turnover of more than ¥2 billion. It covers an area of 139,000 m² with multiple massive buildings connected by bridges and stairways. Products include dresses, shoes, caps, groceries, knitted goods, cloth materials, boxes, home appliances, gifts, daily sundry goods, beauty and hairdressing articles, small foods, bedding goods and more. Be prepared to get lost!
A good place to check for electronics and repairs is 三好街 San Hao Jie, which boasts a "music city" near the music academy on the north end, and an extensive selection of electronics malls on the southern end.
For foreign expats looking for the comforts of home, there are numerous import grocery stores, including Olé in the MixC at 工业展览馆 Gongye Zhanlanguan station and at Palace 66, Yoo-Hoo by 金融中心 Jinrong Zhongxin station, and METRO and Ikea out in 铁西区 Tiexi district. Many of these stores will offer free membership cards for foreign workers.
As a possible souvenir, by incorporating traditional Chinese painting techniques, artists of Shenyang have turned feather patchwork scrolls into something as refined and appealing as Chinese painting and calligraphy.
Liaoning is home to Liaocai (辽菜), a distinctive cuisine named after the area. Liaocai tends to be strong in flavour with plenty garlic, ginger and other spices but not hot. Shenyang has a large Korean and Mongolian population, who operate a lot of barbecue stands on the street corners of the city. Some of the city's best types of cuisine include 火锅 hot pot, 麻辣烫 mala tang, or spicy pay-by-weight soup, and 串儿 chua'r barbeque. There are many Muslim hand-pulled noodle places, and also a number of very good Korean restaurants. All of Shenyang's top hotels feature fancy restaurants serving Cantonese, Japanese and Western food. Mexican food has become especially popular in the last year, with at least two different places offering Mexican specials. There are also some decent noodle shops, as well as the national chain California Beef Noodle, on some of the small roads near the train station.
Lao Bian Jiaozi Restaurant 老边饺子address: No.208 Zhong Jie, Shenhe DistrictDumplings restaurant. Lao Bian Jiaozi, founded in 1829, is one of the most famous dumpling restaurants.Guinness World Records 2000 for the World's Oldest Dumpling Restaurant.
BaoFaYuan 宝发园phone: +86 24 24314173address: No.1 Tianyuan, Xiaoshizi Street, Dadong District, Shenyang 沈阳市大东区小什字街天源巷1号Famous for its 四绝 (Four Outstanding). While locals might not remember the name "BaFaYuan", everyone knows "Four Outstanding" given the name was giving by Zhang Xueliang.
Cafe Lidoaddress: Qingnian StIt is recognized as being the best Western food in Shenyang. Serving Australian beef, mashed potatoes Irish style, Guinness meat pies, fresh fish, salads and the tastiest pastries in town. Special on Friday's Seafood Night, small price for all you can eat and drink!
La BellevueFor bigger budget there is also a fine dining French restaurant, "La Bellevue".
Xita Korea Townaddress: Tita, Shifu Da JieNot one restaurant but an area with many good restaurants. The streets around the Western Pagoda (Xita) are home to many Korean people giving the area the name Korea Town.
Buddha Bar and Restaurantphone: +86 13998138144 (English)address: Xi Bin He Lu 58Cocktail and wine bar with large selection of imported beers, Also serves sushi.
Party 98 -2address: Shi San Wei Road (十三纬路 near Heidis and the U.S. Embassy, walking distance to the Kempinsky Hotel)One of the most popular clubs for foreigners. The first floor plays HipHop and R&B (mainly foreigners), the second floor (mainly Chinese) has singers and electronic music.
Pure Coloursphone: +86 24-24125678address: 6-328 Fengtian Street (奉天街)The second popular club for foreigners and rich Chinese. They have an informal special for foreigners: buy one get two (for longdrinks only).
Don't Tell Mamaaddress: Xita St (西塔街), in Korea townPacked even on weeknights, this large Chinese-style club offers a constant cabaret-style variety show with over-the-top dance acts and live singing. One highlight is the male performers seem compelled to chug any quantity of beer bought for them, up to two-liter pitchers, in one go, without using their hands.
Sunny's Night ClubA popular spot for foreigners but staff and service are low quality.
Party 98address: Xita St (西塔街), in Korea townNoisy Chinese music, close to the 24/24h barbecue restaurants.
Club 97phone: +86 24 2341 9997address: No 97 Zhongshan Lu, 100 m W of Zhongshan Sq and its Mao statue (中山路97号，中山广场西100米)A shiny, trendy club with an outdoor patio frequented by expats, mostly Russian ones. Not too crappy music, great food before 23:00, a bit pricey though.
Sophie's World Barphone: +86 24 2282 6691address: Er Jing St, Bawei Rd (二经街 八伟路The oldest foreigner bar in town is like an institution for both expats and locals. Cheap alcohol, darts, soccer games on TV.
heidis Restaurant & Barphone: 138address: 37, South sanjing street"Heidis rest. & bar" is a unique and comfortable restaurant & lounge bar. Typical Swiss & west food, cheese specialities, Pizzas and steaks, chocolate and homemade dessert. ideal for a romantic dinner or memorable business diner. Live music from Tuesday to Sunday, half price for Chinese and imported draught beer from 17:00-23:00. Italian Monday half price for pizza and spaghetti.
Shamrock Irish Pubphone: +86 24 86085856address: 134/11 Changjiang StreetServing probably the best draught Guinness in Shenyang and more in a clean, laid-back pub. They also have a great selection of foods including Irish stew and onion rings. Great place to go for a pint and a meal and of course the craic. Call for directions. Open from 16:00 till late 7 days a week.
Green Milephone: +86 24 8231 0581address: No. 3-1 Bei San Jing JieA smoky, grungy sports-bar style bar, which gets especially busy and smoky late on the weekends. A good place to go for shots and cocktails. Some claim that the Green Mile has the best American style pizza in Northeast China, and they deliver. Very popular with expats.
Shenyang Zhijia Qingnian Hotel (沈阳致家青年旅馆)phone: +86 24 23833033address: 13 Shenyang RdThis small hotel is not spectacular, but offers cheap singles (or, if you need "a short rest" will let a room to you for fours hours for ¥30). The main attraction is the location, just north of Huaiyuan Gate, it is on an old street with attractive architecture, just one block west of the imperial palace.
Eletelphone: +86 24 31307777address: 235 Zhong StThe rooms are designed in a ultra modern style that some will like and others will hate. The location is on a main shopping street within walking distance of several attractions such as the Imperial Palace.
phone: +86 24 23402888address: 88-2 Zhonghua Rd, Heping DistrictA decorated, high quality hotel at an affordable price. Located in the centre of the shopping area near to the south train station. Rooms in the upper stories provide good views across the city. Wireless internet is available in rooms.
Liaoning Taishan Hotelphone: +86 24 86809888address: 22 Taishan Rd, Huanggu District
Railway Hotelphone: +86 24 62231058address: 102 Beizhan Lu
phone: +86 24 2397 5555address: No 80 Taiyuan North Street, Heping districtThe residence offers 270 fully-furnished serviced apartments ranging from one-bedroom deluxe to three-bedroom executive. Each apartment is equipped with broadband internet access, a private IDD telephone with voicemail facility and business support services.
Mt. Chilbo Hotelphone: +86 62266789-8007address: 和平区十一纬路79-81号A four-star hotel downtown, this hotel is distinguished by its ownership by the North Korean government. TVs receive North Korean channels, and the hotel lobby features a small store and the Shenyang Air Koryo ticketing office. Good internet.
Gloria Plaza Hotelphone: +86 24 22528855address: 32 Yingbin St, Shenhe District
phone: +86 24 2341 2288address: 68 Zhonghua Rd, Heping DistrictA brand of Shangri-La, but one level down from the full-service Shangri-La.
Wonhurg International Hotelphone: +86 24 86285555address: 35 Kunshan Zhong Rd, Huanggu DistrictPremier business hotel with deluxe guestrooms, free Internet access, and 300-capacity ballroom.
phone: +86 24 2386 9888address: 2 Nanjing Nan Street, Heping District
Shenyang also has its share of Western 4-star properties such as Marriott, ShangRi-La, and Holiday Inn. There is a 24-hour spa at the north train station.
- phone: +86-2423190000address: NO.34, Nan Shisanwei Road,Heping Dis.
- phone: +86-24-2322-7490address: No.50, Shisiwei Road, Heping Dis.
North Koreaphone: +86-24-8685 2742address: Bei Ling Da Jie (Beiling Avenue), Huanggu District
- phone: +86-2423853388address: No.37, Nan Shisanwei Road, Heping District
Russian Federationphone: +86-24-23223927address: No.31,Nan Shisanwei Road, Heping DistrictConsul- General Mr. Paltov Sergey
- phone: +86 24 2322 1198address: 52, 14th Wei Rd, Heping
- phone: +86 24 8389 9100address: 21 floor, CR Building, 286 Qingnian Dajie 和平区青年大街286号华润大厦21层