Sydney (Nova Scotia)Cape Breton Island, in Nova Scotia.
HistorySydney was founded in 1785 by the British. Sydney served as the Cape Breton Island colony's capital, until 1820, when the colony merged with Nova Scotia and the capital moved to Halifax.
A rapid population expansion occurred just after the turn of the 20th century, when Sydney was home to one of North America's main steel mills. During both the First and Second World Wars, it was a major staging area for England-bound convoys. The post-war period, there was a major decline in the number of people employed at the Dominion Steel and Coal Corporation (DOSCO) steel mill. The Nova Scotia and Canadian governments had to nationalize it in 1967 to save the region's biggest employer, forming the new crown corporation called the Sydney Steel Corporation (SYSCO). The city's population has steadily decreased since the early 1970s as Sydney suffered an economic decline as local coal and steel industries underwent significant changes. The closure of the SYSCO and the Cape Breton Development Corporation's coal mines in 2000-2001 have resulted in attempts by the municipal, provincial and federal governments to diversify the area economy.
ClimateSydney experiences a cool summer, and windy, wet and stormy winter. February is the year's coldest month on average, and August is the year's warmest month on average.
While occasional thunderstorms and other rains can occur in summer, June through August are Sydney's driest months on average. Sydney's average annual precipitation cycle reflects these realities; the year's driest month, on average, is July; its wettest month, on average, is December. Average annual precipitation in Sydney is over 1500mm, virtually the highest found anywhere in Canada outside coastal British Columbia. Snowfall is heavy, averaging nearly 300 cm per winter season. However, winter-season storms are variable, and can bring changing precipitation types, commonly from ice/snow to rain and possibly back to ice/snow. A winter storm can bring accumulating snow, followed by heavy rain, then a brief return to snow or ice, resulting in no or minimal additional snow accumulation. Overall, Sydney's climate is moderately cold and strikingly variable, wet, stormy and windy from fall to early spring (October to March), and more stable and drier in summer (June to August).
J.A. Douglas McCurdy Sydney Airportis served year round by Air Canada with prop service to Halifax and seasonal CRJ service to Montreal. During the summer the airport is served by Air Saint-Pierre (with flights from Saint-Pierre and Miquelon) and Sunwing Airlines (with flights from Toronto).
By carDriving to Sydney can be done by crossing the Canso Causeway which links the island to the Nova Scotia mainland at Auld's Cove (on the mainland) and Port Hawkesbury (on Cape Breton). From there you have two options: the slightly longer but straighter Highways 105 and 125 or the shorter but twistier Route 4.
By boatNorth Sydney is the site of the Marine Atlantic terminal which serves as the main connection to Newfoundland. From the ferry terminal it is about a 20 minute drive on Highway 125 to Sydney.
phone: +1 902-563-4636address: 77 Kings Rd
Transit Cape Breton13 routes through the island. Adult fares range from $1.25 to $5.00. Fares for seniors 55 & up and children 5-12 range from $1.00 to $4.75.
- Two private homes dating to the earliest settlement of the city, Jost House and Cossitt House, remain in the downtown area of Sydney.
- Wentworth Park, a 5-minute walk south from the downtown core, is worth a visit.
Merchant Marine Memorial Statueaddress: 246 EsplanadeA roadside attraction.
phone: +1 902-539-1572address: 175 Charlotte StMuseum.
St Patrick's Museumphone: +1 902-562-8237address: 87 Esplanade
phone: +1 902-563-7777address: 525 George StGot plenty of money and no grasp of statistics? The government would love to see you! There's a restaurant on-site.
Celtic Junction Bar and GrilleThis restaurant features a large menu consisting of a good mixture of diner classics and newer 'fusion-fare'. Because it is located inside the casino, it is off limits to those under 19.
phone: +1 902-562-6220address: 50 Maillard St, Membertou B1S 3W3Fresh ideas and local ingredients, pub style classics, kid’s meals and finer fare. In Membertou Trade and Convention Centre, near the Hampton Inn Sydney.
phone: +1 902-270-4677address: 364 Keltic DriveA local craft brewery that sells pints in the tasting room.
Beacon Moteladdress: 294 Keltic DriveCheaper motel located 10 minutes outside of the downtown core. No website; call to make reservations.
phone: +1 902 562-6500address: 380 EsplanadeAlthough the nicest hotel in the city, it lacks a swimming pool so it might not be very family friendly, which might be a selling point for busy business travellers.
phone: +1 902-539-8101address: 560 Kings RoadHotel with free high-speed Internet, restaurant and lounge, heated pool, exercise room, executive suite, courtyard and free parking.
phone: +1 902 562-7500address: 300 EsplanadeThis hotel features large conference facilities and ballrooms, a large swimming pool, waterslide, gym and sauna.
address: 480 Kings RoadThis hotel also has a pool, sauna, hot tub, and gym.
For travellers seeking something with a little more character try one of the many bed and breakfasts in the area a selection of which can be found here
- The Fortress of Louisbourg, about an hour's drive away, is a reconstruction of the 18th-century fortified French town whose presence plagued the British colonies of New England.
- Stop at the Alexander Graham Bell National Historic Site of Canada in Baddeck.
- And no visit to Cape Breton is complete without a trip around the famous Cabot Trail, which regularly places high on lists of 'Best Drives in the World'