Geologically, Sylt originated as a terminal moraine of the Saale glaciation; it was connected to the mainland until a devastating flood in 1362.
By trainAfter Germany lost its harbour with direct Sylt connections due to World War I, some other mode of transportation to the island had to be found and with neither air nor car travel commonplace, a railway only causeway was the logical consequence. The Hindenburgdamm (named for the rather infamous conservative/reactionary Reichspräsident that made Hitler chancellor in 1933) has connected the island to the mainland ever since and remains railway only, although some trains do transport cars. There are several connections by train from Hamburg, via Itzehoe. During the summer season, regular Intercity trains offer direct connections to most of Germany.
Westerland train stationThe terminus of all island-bound trains, famously with a Frisian/German bilingual station sign.
Morsum stationThe first stop on the island. Skipped by the IC.
Keitum stationThe second stop on the island for regional trains. Skipped by the IC.
Sylt - Westerland AirportThis airport offers flights to and from domestic and Swiss destinations. Operations are mostly seasonal.
phone: +49 461 864-601This company runs a year-round ferry from Havneby on the island of Rømø (in Denmark) to on the northern part of Sylt. It may be cheaper and/or more convenient than taking the train, especially if your final destination is on the northern part of the island
By carSimilar to most other North Frisian islands, Sylt allows cars and there are several options of getting your car on the island, though driving it yourself isn't one of them. As mentioned above you can take the car ferry from Rømø. The other two options both use the causeway.
phone: +49 180 6 22 83 83The Sylt Shuttle is a subsidiary of Deutsche Bahn, the national railway, and has been operating on this route for decades. Since the liberalization of the railway market, others have tried to enter the market and DB has thus tried some arguably underhanded tactics to keep competition from gaining the upper hand.
phone: +49 4661 736 87 27This company is a venture of American RDC and as such the newer entrant to the market. They have less brand name recognition, but they use the same terminal on both sides of the trip as DB and their travel times are roughly the same. Depending on how important money is for you and which departure time works best for you, you can certainly choose either operator.
WesterlandThe main city, with the railway station, all amenities and a beach promenade.
KampenIt has bars, restaurants, galleries, and holiday mansions. The beach at Kampen is bordered by a 30-m-tall red cliff. Here you'll also find the 50-m-tall Uwe Düne, the island's highest point.
Bus is the easiest although bikes are also popular. An all-island three-day bus ticket costs about €28. You can also take a bicycle on the bus. Because many visitors arrive by car across the causeway and of the rather limited space on the island, there can be surprising amounts of traffic in the high season.
Denghoogaddress: Wenningstedt-BraderupNeolithic passage grave dating from around 3200 BC. This is the biggest and most impressive of the island's megaliths; for a fee you can enter the grave which is covered by 3 massive stones, the largest of which weighs 20 tons.
Rotes Kliff30-metre high line of sea cliffs
Uwe DüneA dune that marks the highest point of the island; stairs lead to the top, with a wonderful view.
Wandering Dunes of ListThe last wandering dune of Germany, which marches east about 7 metres per year.
address: Am Kliff 19, Keitum
Altfriesisches Hausaddress: Am Kliff 13, Keitum
The Seal Willy
Several segments of the beach are officially declared as FKK (German for "nudist"), but these designations carry little weight; nude and non-nude bathers are tolerated everywhere.
A typically German thing to do at the beach is renting a Strandkorb (a wooden roofed beach chair) and just sitting in it and relaxing.
Along the beach, concrete groynes were built into the sea in an effort to halt sand erosion. These groynes are not visible at high tide and present a danger to unaware bathers. They are marked with cross signs along the beach.
Adults must pay a fee to access the beach (€4 per day from Mai to October, €2 from November to April); it's €3.30 or €1.65 if you pay in advance at your hotel or pension.
You may want to hike along the beach, along the paths in the dunes and heath behind the beach (it is forbidden to stray from the paths though), and near the mudflats on the western side of the island. Several dozen megalithic graves dating back to the neolithic (c. 3000 BC) can be found on the island.
address: ListIce cream manufacturer
address: KampenCoffee and cakes
Raantem Hüsaddress: Rantum
phone: +49 4651 23745address: Friedrichstraße 15B
phone: +49 4651 1228address: Gaadt 4
phone: +49 4651 99 59 40address: Riperstig 1
phone: +49 4651 41010address: Stapelhooger Wai 7
address: Lister Str. 100,
phone: +49 4651 43500address: Kaamp-Hüs, Hauptstraße 12, 25999 Kampen
address: Strönwai 12
address: Strönwai 6
address: Strönwai 5
address: Braderuper Weg 3
address: Hörnumerstraße 70
- Bistro26, Friedrichstraße 26
address: Friesenplatz 2
phone: +49 651 836200address: Am Sandwall 1
phone: +49 4651 836160address: Rantumer Str.
phone: +49 4651 98800address: Johann-Möller-Straße 30
phone: +49 4651 8550address: Friedrichstraße 43
phone: +49 46 51 420 86
phone: +49 4651 448-0address: Kurhausstraße 35