VaduzVaduz is the capital city of Liechtenstein and has a population of 5,429 (2015). It's home to the prince's castle and his museums, and thus the main point of interest for visitors to this small country, which is a shame because it is a rather disappointing hodge-podge of unattractive modern buildings, cranes and farmland. While it is a European capital, it is unlikely to interest a tourist for any length of time.
By public transitÖBB, the Austrian federal railway company, runs a limited service from Buchs SG station in Switzerland, via (near Schaan) to Feldkirch in Austria. Trains only run a few times a day, which makes buses generally more convenient.
Buses run every 15 minutes from the train station at Buchs (the main Swiss town on the Liechtenstein border) to Schaan and Vaduz. Tickets can be purchased on the bus for Fr. 3.40 and it only takes about 10 minutes to Schaan and another 5 to Vaduz.
If you're coming by rail from Switzerland, it may be quicker and cheaper to take the train as far as Sargans (rather than Buchs), from where it's possible to catch a bus (see below) straight to Vaduz. Consult the SBB timetable to find out what'll be quickest when you're travelling. There are lockers at the Sargans station so you can leave your luggage there. This link provides a plan of the station showing the lockers and where to catch the bus from.
The Liechtenstein Buses number 12 service runs from Sargans railway station to Buchs railway station via central Vaduz and Schaan railway station. It leaves from outside each station approximately every 20 minutes. The buses are yellow-green in colour. A fare to Vaduz is Fr. 5.80 from Sargens and Fr. 3.40 from Buchs. Consider getting a whole network day pass (Fr. 12) or week pass (Fr. 24) if you are making many journeys on Liechtenstein Buses, though two single fares (e.g. from Sargens or Buchs to Vaduz and Vaduz onward to Feldkirch) cost less than a day pass.
From Feldkirch railway station in Austria, look for the distinctive off-yellow Liechtenstein Buses. Numbers 11 and 14 head straight to Vaduz and number 13 goes to Buchs railway station, by-passing Vaduz, so you'll have to change at the Schaan railway station interchange.
By carYou can also drive into the town - it's well signposted. There is plenty of parking.
On foot or bike
Old Rhine Bridge Vaduz-SevelenIf you are coming by bike or on foot, you can use this, the last extant wooden bridge across the Rhine into or out of Liechtenstein. The bridge has been renovated several times (most lately 2009/10) but goes back to an over a century old predecessor. Until 1975 (when a new concrete bridge opened) this bridge also carried motorized traffic
Vaduz is very small and walking around the city and the areas around it will not take very long.
The municipal borders of Vaduz are a delight of European feudalism run amok, as it contains no less than seven (!) exclaves seemingly randomly spread across the national territory. This will of course have almost no practical importance for most visitors.
Kunstmuseum LiechtensteinHas an interesting collection on the ground floor and in the style of Tate Modern has a changing modern exhibition on the first floor.
Liechtensteinisches LandesmuseumThe national museum has events and exhibits of history, natural history, and stamps.
The Prince's Wine CollectionAvailable to view by a vineyard on the northern edge of Vaduz.
Schloss VaduzThe official residence of the Prince of Liechtenstein. Excellent views of the surrounding area can be gained by taking the short walk up to the Castle which hangs above Vaduz. The walk is gentle and goes up the side of the hill and through the woods and emerges at the side entrance to the Castle. It is not possible to enter the grounds of the castle, but walking around the perimeter is fine. In winter it can be very slippery, so if visiting at this time it is best to wear suitable footwear to avoid accidents.
A short walk towards the river will offer visitors the chance to experience some great views of the mountains surrounding the city. The old covered bridge which spans the Rhine river provides an interesting way to cross the border between Liechtenstein and Switzerland. The unpainted, weathered wooden bridge is rustic in appearance. It accommodates foot or bicycle traffic only, cars are prevented from approaching. Drivers may find it tricky to pull off. Cars on this road are headed to the Swiss Autobahn, a few hundred meters across the river directly west of the bridge. Please use care. These motorists may not tolerate the casual traveller on a busy road. There is no means to access the bridge from the west by car. The road that would appear to lead to the western end of the bridge is the aforementioned Swiss Autobahn.
From the centre of Vaduz follow Zollstrasse (towards the football stadium) until you reach the river. There are no border checks.
Postal MuseumHosted in the "Engländerbau" , Liechtenstein's first steel frame building.
Red HouseA red house with a stepped gable dating perhaps to the early 16th century.
Schalun CastleThe ruined remains of a castle.
Vaduz CathedralAs Vaduz has been seat of an archdiocese since 1997, this 19th-century church is now the small country's only cathedral.
City HallOlder and perhaps more architecturally interesting than the building housing the national parliament.
Government HouseOfficial seat of government of Liechtenstein and also the erstwhile seat of parliament. Construction dates to 1903-1905.
LandtagsgebäudeThe official seat of parliament since 2008, this building may look a bit bland on the outside, but it is where Liechtensteinian politics (well, the parts not decided by the Fürst anyway) is made.
address: Rheinpark StadionThe soccer club in Vaduz.
There is also a small retail village between Vaduz and Balzers. This is home to a McDonalds, and a sports clothes shop among other things.
The main square is behind the bus station in the middle of Vaduz. There are a number of cafes and restaurants offering hearty Liechtensteinian, Swiss, and Austrian fare at reasonable prices.
Old Castle Innphone: +423 232 10 65address: Aeulestrasse 22In the centre of Vaduz. It is impossible to miss and offers authentic food at a reasonable price and with a pleasant atmosphere.
Liechtenstein isn't a cheap place to eat. If you want something budget and have a car, drive to Feldkirch just across the Austrian border.
University of LiechtensteinThe only institution of academic learning in the principality.