Cuxhaven is a seaside resort city in Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany situated on the mouth of the river Elbe on the North Sea coast.
Tourism is one of the traditional industries in Cuxhaven. The other two are fishing and shipping. The city is trying to expand the harbour and has invested a lot of money in the modernization and expansion of the port facility. Still, the economic situation isn't too good and tourism remains the major industry of the city. Many people have left Cuxhaven in recent decades, and many of those who remain are retired, contributing to the quiet small-town ambiance.
Cuxhaven was not always so quiet, though: About 500 rockets were launched near Cuxhaven between 1945 and 1964. The best known rocket launches which took place in the area of Cuxhaven were three launches of V2 rockets in Operation Backfire, in order to demonstrate Allied forces the technology of the "wonder weapon" V2 in October 1945. That said, the only remnant of this history of rocketry at Cuxhaven is a trough near the road from Arensch to Sahlenburg.
By carCuxhaven can be reached comfortably by motorway A27 from Bremen in about 1 hour (100 km). From Hamburg major road B73 (not Autobahn/motorway) takes you to Cuxhaven in about two hours. The B73 is known for motorists with bad driving style and deadly accidents; some extra caution should be employed.
Traveling with weekend special (Schönes Wochenende Ticket) or Länder Ticket (Niedersachsen-Ticket) starts at €23/person and the rate gets more favorable when you travel in a group or as a family with children.
When arriving from Bremen, changing the trains in Bremerhaven is unavoidable.
Hauptbahnhof CuxhavenCuxhaven's railway station is right in the center of the city. The bus terminal is in front, and taxis can easily be hired as well. On foot, it should take you about five minutes to get to the Nordersteinstraße shopping area.
Sea-Airport Cuxhaven/NordholzThis minor airfield with the grandiose name is used militarily as well as for the handful of civilian flights. OFD flies to Heligoland while Yourways flies to Sankt Peter Ording and Sylt.
- The ferry line from Harwich, England, has been discontinued. It is however possible to transport vehicles to and from Cuxhaven. For further information call Cuxport GmbH, Tel.: +49 4721 748-0.
- A ferry Cuxhaven - Brunsbüttel: The ferry operates several times a day (in about 2 hour intervals) with two modern ships with two car decks, "Grete" und "Anne-Marie". One Elbe river crossing with Elb-Link takes 90 minutes and costs 5 EUR/person (25 EUR/car). There is a cafeteria and a bar on board.
- Helgoline: A catamaran (HSC Halunder Jet) route from Hamburg via Wedel and Cuxhaven to the island Heligoland. It is possible to take also individual legs of the route. Transport of bicycles is not possible to the island, where cycling is not allowed.
There are limited choices when it comes to moving around Cuxhaven. You can walk, bring your own car, hire a taxi, or use one of the bus lines.
By busInformation on local buses can be obtained from VNN - Verkehrsgemeinschaft Nordost-Niedersachsen
Alte Liebeis a former quai turned viewing platform at the entrance to the Cuxhaven harbour. Good view of passing ships. Loudspeakers announce their names and origin.
Schloß RitzebüttelSmall castle-like building near the Nordersteinstraße shopping area.
Kugelbakemarks the geographic point where the Elbe river ends. Originally intended as a navigation aid, it is one of the more notable constructions in the region. It was incorporated in the Cuxhaven coat of arms when the city was incorporated and remains one of its primary landmarks.
Semaphorthe Sempahor is a construction from the year 1884 that is used to communicate wind strength and direction to passing ships. It is still set every day.
Wrackmuseumphone: +49 4721 23341address: Dorfstraße 80, StickenbütOnly museum in Europe that has ship wrecks as its topic.
Elbe 1A retired lighthouse-ship.
- Relics of the launch pad of operation Backfire, the last launch of V2-rockets in Germany in form of a trough near the way from Arensch to Sahleburg and some shelter remnants.
phone: +49 4741 18190address: Peter-Strasser-Platz 3, NordholzThe museum is located near the Nordholz Naval Airbase. It comprises of indoor and outdoor expositions and has a large collection of aircraft that has been used by the German Navy. The museum with its Cafe and a nice playground can easily be reached from motorway A27 between Cuxhaven and Bremerhaven and is well worth a visit for travelers with technical interests, as well as families with children. The webpage is in German only.
- Wadden Sea is the area of the sea where the water recedes during low tide. It's one of the main reasons why people visit Cuxhaven. You can take walks, look at crabs, build castles from the sand and the mud, and so on. Be warned that the rising water can be tricky! See the "stay safe" section.
- Take horse carriage to Neuwerk
- BEWARE! As a non-resident you have to pay "Kurtaxe" (touristic fee) for entering the beach. If you have already been charged for "Kurtaxe" in your accommodation just show your receipt. If you like pay-free beaches you have to travel a few miles to the north and try the coastline of Schleswig-Holstein.
Zum Parkphone: +49 4721 64461address: Südersteinstraße 76Restaurant, Offers various international dishes. Excellent service, very reasonable prices, pleasant place. Highly recommended.
phone: +49 4721 399084address: Neufelder Str. 11
phone: +49 4721 48552address: Schlensenweg 2(website only in German).
address: Alter Deichweg 2Family run B&B, cosy rooms, breakfast included.
phone: +49 15786518912address: Cuxhavener Str. 23
address: Prinzessinnentrift 12-14
Always remain within sight of the land, and do not walk out too far. Take care of fog and mist. Enter the area only after high and prior to low tide, and return shortly after low tide, i.e. as soon as the water starts to return and the high tide sets in. Keep a watch with accurate time, and memorize the times of low and high tide. The water does not rise in all places at the same speed. Some areas are lower, and Priele (creek-like arms or canals of water) can well flood very early, cutting you off from land.
You should ask for advice and rules on-location; there are several lifeguard stations and most tourist information places will be able to provide you with basic information as well. Ask for a tidal calendar (German: Tidenkalender).