The city was first mentioned in 1275, when the Order of Life built a castle, the Dünaburg, on the Daugava River. The present location of the city originated in the 16th century 20 km away from the original settlement, which was destroyed. In 1582, Dünaburg received the city rights. Latgale belonged to the Polish-Lithuanian empire back then.
During the Polish-Russian War (1654-1667), the city fell under Russian rule, and was renamed Borisoglebsk (Борисоглебск) (1656-1667). After the end of Russian rule, it came under Polish rule again. In 1772, Latgale joined the tsarist Russia in the aftermaths of the Polish divisions. In 1811, Dünaburg was strengthened with a fortress. Together with the rest of Latgale, the city was under the Polotsk Government, which was reassigned in 1802 to the Vitebsk Government. In 1893, Dünaburg was renamed Dvinsk.
The city was at the front in both world wars, and suffered serious damage then. In December 1919, Polish and Latvian troops defeated the Red Army, which made an important step towards the Latvian independence, which came in 1920. The city was called Daugavpils and belonged to Latvia since then.
With the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact in 1939 between Germany and the Soviet Union, the independent Latvia fell under the influence of the Soviet Union. In June 1940, the Red Army entered Latvia, and in August 1940 it became part of the Soviet Union. In 1941, the city was re-taken by German troops. Since 1945, when the town belonged to the Latvian Socialist Soviet republic, Daugavpils underwent a large-scale industrialization and became a garrison city.
Daugavpils Tourist Information Centerphone: +371 65422818address: 22a Rīgas St
By busBuses from Riga to Daugavpils leave every two hours. The web page of Rīgas Starptautiskā autoosta (Riga Bus Station) has up to date schedules and fares.
By trainLatvijas dzelzceļš (Latvian Train Service) runs the train services in Latvia. Riga-Daugavpils trains operate four times a day; Riga-Gomel, and Russia trains also operate. Daugavpils is also accessible by train going from Vilnius to Saint Petersburg.
By carThe drive from Riga takes 3-3½ hours. The European highway E262 from Kaunas, Lithuania that crosses Daugavpils and goes to Russia.
By planeAirBaltic, the flag carrier airline for Latvia, offers a free coach from between Riga Airport and Daugavpils to its passengers. The bus AirBaltic bus line to Daugavpils is BT001 (there are other buses going in totally different directions, like Tartu in Estonia) and takes 3 hours 25 minutes between the airport and Daugavpils, stopping in Jekabpils on the way. The buses run at nighttime after/before all the flights - the bus from the airport to Daugavpils departs at 23:30 and arrives at 02:55, while the return journey to the airport begins at 03:45 in Daugavpils with arrival at the airport at 07:10.
Daugavpils Lidosta (Daugavpils Airport) (+371) 65475306. The former Soviet air base in Lociki (12 km northeast of Daugavpils) has been renovated, but as of 2017 there are no flights.
SIA Daugavpils autobusu parks (DAP)phone: +371 65429245address: Kārklu iela 24You can go to any part of the city by bus. Tickets are about €0.50.
Bus Station Daugavpilsphone: +371 65422507, +371 65429866, +371 65423000address: Viestura iela 10
Daugavpils has three tram routes operating within the city. Tickets are about €0.50.
phone: +371 65433632, +371 65434614, +371 65446705address: 18.novembra ielā 183
- SIA ”HOF” (Daugavpils Taxi) 65422222, available 24 hours a day.
- Taxi stops
- Rīgas iela 9 (hypermaket 'Rimi')
- Aveņu iela 33 (supermarket 'Mego')
- intersection of Piekrasties iela and Raipoles iela (supermarket 'Maxima X')
- intersection of Jatnieku iela and Mendeļejeva iela
- near hotel 'Latgola'
Fares (can change without notice):
- Day tariff: €0.57/km
- Night tariff: €0.79/km
address: Daugavas iela 38The unique Daugavpils fortress is the biggest in Europe. It has withstood many many wars and remains virtually unchanged since its construction in the 19th century. More information: https://www.atlasobscura.com/places/daugavpils-fortress
Historical centreThe historical centre of the city consists of 80 cultural-historical objects presents itself a specific monument of urban construction. One may be amazed by variety of architecture styles of the buildings, the red clay bricked façades of peculiar form recognized as Latgale baroque.
JaunbūveThe church ensemble Jaunbūve, the Church Hill included churches of four confessions, contributes a lot to very special panorama of the city of Daugavpils.
Sport complexDaugavpils may also be proud of its sport complex. Ice Hall and the open-air swimming pool, one of the biggest open-air swimming pools in the Baltic countries, are the real pride of the city.
"Ebreji Daugavpilī un Latgalē" muzejs un ekspozīcijaphone: +371 29548760address: Cietokšņa iela 38
Latgales ZoodārzaSmall indoor aquarium.
Daugavpils is more endowed with water space than other cities of Latvia. There are 15 lakes, 8 rivers and numerous brooks its territory. In spite of this the climate is the most continental of the country. Forests and parks make up the green area with a square of approximately 10 400 ha.
phone: +371 65471321, +371 29468988address: 1 Skolas iela, NaujeneThe museum focuses on nature, history and ethnography of the Daugavpils district.
LandmarksWith good reason the fortress, which was built as a fortification for the western border of the Russian Empire, can be considered the symbol of Daugavpils. The Classicism-style fortress was consecrated by Russia’s tsar in 1833. In later years the tsarist, Latvian and Soviet Armies were stationed there. The fortress is now under the supervision of the local municipality and Real Estates Agency as a cultural and historical monument.
The Daugava protecting dam, which stretches 6 km along the river and at its highest points reaches 9 m, is another singular landmark. It was built in 1841, and is still protecting the city from flood waters. On accordance with the town-building plan, confirmed by the tsar in 1826.
Monuments and memorial places
The most significant events in Daugavpils history are immortalized in various monuments and memorial places. The soldiers killed in World War I are buried in Old Believers, Orthodox and Lutheran cemeteries. The Latvian army soldiers, killed in fights for freedom, are buried in the Lutheran cemetery. Their graves there as well as the Polish army soldier’ graves in Satiksmes iela testify to the events relating to history of the independent Latvian state. A 13-m-tall reinforced concrete cross has been erected in Satiksmes iela to commemorate the events. A memorial stone to the citizens of Daugavpils, deported to Siberia in 1941 and 1945, is erected in Pumpura Park. The burial places of the Soviet and German soldiers in Dubrovin’s park, in the Garrison cemetery, in the Griva, Communal and Orthodox cemeteries as well as the graves of the victims of fascism in the Mežciems cemetery are memorial places to those who were killed in World War II.
StropiThe northeast part of the city, Stropi, is a popular recreational area located near the Big Stropu Lake (Lielais Stropu ezers).
The Daugavpils Musical and Drama Theaterphone: +371 65426000address: Rīgas iela 22aLocated in the Unity House (1937) in the city center.
phone: +371 65438807address: Jelgavas iela 54Daugavpils has a race track 'Daugavpils Spidveja centr'. So go check out some races.
phone: +371 65407191address: Stacijas iela 45aWant to go skating? Daugavpils has an amazing ice hall.
address: Cietokšņa street 60Bowling alley, billiard tables and air hockey.
SaunasVisit a lot of traditional saunas.
City centeraddress: Viestura iela 8But if you want to go bowling or shoot some pool.
You can also walk on the Daugavpils main street Rigas iela. It is amazing. Finally just take a walk around the city and you will see lots of amazing and beautiful things.
- All around the city you can find many large and small supermarkets, shopping centers, or just stores.
Daugavpils Tirgusphone: +371 65428252address: Cietokšņa 60
Restorāns “Gubernators”phone: +371 65422455address: Lāčplēša ielā 10
Bistro “Vita”phone: +371 65427706address: Rīgas ielā 22a
Restorāns “Rotko panorama bārs”phone: +371 65404911address: Ģimnāzijas ielā 46
Bārs “Loby”phone: +371 65404912address: Ģimnāzijas 46
Bārs-bistro “Vēsma”phone: +371 65444350address: Rīgas ielā 49
Bistro “Grill Niko”phone: +371 65424887address: Viestura 25 – 1a
Kafejnīca “Arabika”phone: +371 65402600address: Viestura ielā 8
Kafejnīca “Dr. Pinta”phone: +371 29480208address: Ģimnāzijas ielā 16
Kafejnīca “Pasaules brīnumi”phone: +371 65920000address: Vienības ielā 17
Kafejnīca “Pīlādzis”phone: +371 65420944address: Saules ielā 12
Kafejnīca “Mego”phone: +371 65421733address: Viestura 60
Restorāns “Afrodīte”phone: +371 29289065address: S. Mihoelsa 52
Restorāns “Klasiko”phone: +371 65404910address: Ģimnāzijas ielā 46
Kafejnīca “Lidadis”phone: +371 65476660address: Rīgas ielā 14
Restorāns “ Taller”phone: +371 65424983address: Viestura ielā 59
- Gubernators (see #Eat section) – Has a great selection of beers from Latvia and the Czech Republic on tap.
phone: +371 25912250address: Nometņu iela 25ANot perfectly rated, but the best budget option.
Hotel "Rebir"phone: +371 65421857, +371 20372009address: Vienības iela 19
phone: +371 65453010, +371 22332243address: Dobeles iela 39
phone: +371 65404900address: Gimnazijas iela 46A three-star hotel.
phone: +371 65426565, +371 65420003address: Krāslavas iela 58
Hotel "Flora D"phone: +371 29544613, +371 29421497address: Krimuldas iela 45, Stropi
Mid-range and splurge
phone: +371 65434317address: Varšavas iela 17
Wi-Fi Internet is available almost in all cafes, hotels and restaurants in the centre of the city.
For example in Park Hotel Latgola, City Centre, Vesma cafe and many others.
Also there are computers with the free Internet available in the halls of Ice Hall and Hospital.
There are some internet cafes near the old university building on Saules street.