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The Himalayas are a range of mountains in Asia. The Himalaya proper stretches from the Indus river in Pakistan, through India, Nepal, and Bhutan, and ends at the Bramaputra River in eastern India.
The Greater Himalaya complex of mountains includes the Himalayas and some related ranges. On the eastern end of the Himalaya proper is the Hengduan Range, which includes the Three Parallel Rivers National Park in China. On the west, the Himalayas connect to a large area of high ground called the Pamir Knot, and several other ranges extend in various directions from the knot. The main ones are the Karakoram, running east parallel to the Himalaya and north of it, the Hindu Kush running southwest, and the Tien Shan Range running north.
Wikipedia's list of the highest mountains in the world consists entirely of 109 mountains in the greater Himalaya region, all over 7200 m (23,622 feet) and including 14 over 8000 m. Eight of the ten tallest — including the highest of all, Mount Everest at 8848 m — are in the Himalayas region of Nepal.
For comparison, neither Western Europe nor the lower 48 US states have anything that reaches 5,000 m. In the Himalayas, some of the passes and inhabited plateau areas are around 5000. On the climbers' list of Seven Summits, the highest mountains on each continent, only two besides Everest are over 6000 — Denali in Alaska at just under 6200, and Aconcagua, the highest peak of the Andes and the tallest mountain outside the Himalayan region, at just under 7000. Mount Elbrus in the Caucasus is Europe's highest peak at just under 6000. In the Himalayas, peaks over 6000 are commonplace and there are dozens over 7000.

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