Sourced from Wikivoyage. Text is available under the CC-by-SA 3.0 license.
Matthew Hartley
(WT-shared) Paul. at wts wikivoyage

Lancashire is a county in North West England. It takes its name from the city of Lancaster, which was the Roman camp (castrum) by the River Lune. The north is low-lying and agricultural, a series of resorts line the coast, while the south is industrial; to the east are the scenic Pennine moors and Forest of Bowland. Out of the moors surge rivers that in the Industrial Revolution were harnessed to drive mills - especially cotton mills, which Lancashire's soft water favours. Those mills spelt wealth for a few, but among those horrified by conditions in Lancashire were Mrs Gaskell, Marx and Engels, and George Orwell. Those enchanted by its rural wilds included Balzac, Conan Doyle and Tolkien.
Lancashire was much reduced by the 1974 local government re-organisation: northerly Barrow-in-Furness was re-assigned to Cumbria, while Manchester and Liverpool / Merseyside became separate areas. This means that the most heavily industrial areas have parted, while the rural charms have remained. The county's balance has shifted in favour of the enchanting.

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