Protestant Reformation

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Julius Hübner
The Protestant Reformation was a Christian renewal movement in 16th-century Europe and the most momentous schism in Western Christianity, causing the emergence of different denominations. While there were some earlier attempts to criticise and reform the Catholic Church's dogmas and organisation, the starting point of Reformation is commonly set at Martin Luther's publication of ninety-five theses in Wittenberg, Germany in 1517. The most important points of criticism were the sale of indulgences by the Catholic church as well as simony (sale of offices) that created the impression of the church being corrupt. Not much later, Protestantism was substantially advanced in Switzerland by Huldrych Zwingli and John Calvin, before spreading to many other parts of Europe. Rifts erupted also among the Reformers, each founding their own denomination. Nowadays, Protestant churches exist in nearly every country in the world.